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16043Work Out Physics GCSE (Macmillan Work Out), First Edition
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Table of contents :
Front Matter....Pages i-xi
Introduction....Pages 1-7
Some Help with Mathematics....Pages 8-10
SI Units, Density, Pressure and Hooke’s Law....Pages 11-21
Motion, Scalars and Vectors....Pages 22-36
Moments, Equilibrium, Work, Energy, Power and Machines....Pages 37-54
Expansion, Gas Laws, Thermometers, Kinetic Theory and Molecular Size....Pages 55-66
Specific Heat Capacity, Specific Latent Heat, Refrigeration, Boiling and Melting....Pages 67-79
Transfer of Heat, Convection, Conduction, Radiation, the Thermos Flask and the Greenhouse Effect....Pages 80-89
Reflection, Refraction, the Electromagnetic Spectrum, Lenses and Curved Mirrors....Pages 90-107
Wave Motion, Sound and Interference....Pages 108-117
Circuits, Electrical Units, Household Electricity and Electronics....Pages 118-153
Magnetism, Electromagnetism, Motors, Dynamos and Transformers....Pages 154-174
Electrostatics, the Cathode Ray Oscilloscope and Radioactivity....Pages 175-193
Back Matter....Pages 194-196 Read more... ]]>Sat, 21 Jan 2017 16:41:25 GMTTHEORY OF LIGHT: (Vol. IV of Introduction to Theoretical Physics).
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THEORY OF LIGHT: (Vol. IV of Introduction to Theoretical Physics). Read more... ]]>Sat, 21 Jan 2017 06:37:24 GMTSpringer Handbook of Spacetime (Springer Handbooks)
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The Springer Handbook of Spacetime is dedicated to the ground-breaking paradigm shifts embodied in the two relativity theories, and describes in detail the profound reshaping of physical sciences they ushered in. It includes in a single volume chapters on foundations, on the underlying mathematics, on physical and astrophysical implications, experimental evidence and cosmological predictions, as well as chapters on efforts to unify general relativity and quantum physics. The Handbook can be used as a desk reference by researchers in a wide variety of fields, not only by specialists in relativity but also by researchers in related areas that either grew out of, or are deeply influenced by, the two relativity theories: cosmology, astronomy and astrophysics, high energy physics, quantum field theory, mathematics, and philosophy of science. It should also serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and young researchers entering these areas, and for instructors who teach courses on these subjects. The Handbook is divided into six parts. Part A: Introduction to Spacetime Structure. Part B: Foundational Issues. Part C: Spacetime Structure and Mathematics. Part D: Confronting Relativity theories with observations. Part E: General relativity and the universe. Part F: Spacetime beyond Einstein. Key Topics › Historical origins of the spacetime notion › Basic ideas of special and general relativity › Nature of time and gravity › Mathematical structures › Physical and astrophysica Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 09:32:52 GMTThe Birth of String Theory
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String theory is currently the best candidate for a unified theory of all forces and all forms of matter in nature. As such, it has become a focal point for physical and philosophical discussions. This unique book explores the history of the theory's early stages of development, as told by its main protagonists. The book journeys from the first version of the theory (the so-called dual resonance model) in the late sixties, as an attempt to describe the physics of strong interactions outside the framework of quantum field theory, to its reinterpretation around the mid-seventies as a quantum theory of gravity unified with the other forces, and its successive developments up to the superstring revolution in 1984. Providing important background information to current debates on the theory, this book is essential reading for students and researchers in physics, as well as historians and philosophers of science. Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 08:58:38 GMTDigital Fourier Analysis: Fundamentals (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics)
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This textbook is a thorough, accessible introduction to digital Fourier analysis for undergraduate students in the sciences. Beginning with the principles of sine/cosine decomposition, the reader walks through the principles of discrete Fourier analysis before reaching the cornerstone of signal processing: the Fast Fourier Transform. Saturated with clear, coherent illustrations, "Digital Fourier Analysis" includes practice problems and thorough Appendices for the advanced reader. As a special feature, the book includes interactive applets (available online) that mirror the illustrations. These user-friendly applets animate concepts interactively, allowing the user to experiment with the underlying mathematics. For example, a real sine signal can be treated as a sum of clockwise and counter-clockwise rotating vectors. The applet illustration included with the book animates the rotating vectors and the resulting sine signal. By changing parameters such as amplitude and frequency, the reader can test various cases and view the results until they fully understand the principle. Additionally, the applet source code in Visual Basic is provided online, allowing this book to be used for teaching simple programming techniques. A complete, intuitive guide to the basics, "Digital Fourier Analysis - Fundamentals" is an essential reference for undergraduate students in science and engineering.
Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 08:20:33 GMTMathematik fur Physiker Band 3: Variationsrechnung - Differentialgeometrie - Mathematische Grundlagen der Allgemeinen Relativitatstheorie (German Edition)
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Wie in den ersten beiden Banden ihres Werkes stellen die Autoren auch im abschlie?enden dritten Band mathematische Grundlagen der Physik in gut zuganglicher und ansprechender Form dar. Das Buch eignet sich sowohl fur das Selbststudium als auch zur Begleitung von Vorlesungen. Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 07:44:17 GMTDurch Symmetrie die moderne Physik verstehen: Ein neuer Zugang zu den fundamentalen Theorien (German Edition)
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Auf der Basis von Symmetrie-Uberlegungen bietet dieses Buch eine einzigartige Herleitung der fundamentalen Theorien der Physik. Dafur werden zunachst alle mathematische Werkzeuge eingefuhrt, die der Leser benotigt, um mit Symmetrien in der Physik zu arbeiten. Hierbei wird jedoch nur gewohnliche Schulmathematik vorausgesetzt. Anschlie?end werden diese Werkzeuge benutzt, um durch Symmetrie-Uberlegungen die fundamentalen Gleichungen der Quantenmechanik, Quantenfeldtheorie, Elektrodynamik und Klassischen Mechanik herzuleiten. So ist der Leser in der Lage, die Basis-Annahmen hinter und die Verbindungen zwischen den modernen Theorien der Physik zu verstehen. Im letzten Teil des Buches werden dann Anwendungen der zuvor hergeleiteten Gleichungen besprochen.
Das Buch richtet sich an alle, die sich ein tieferes Verstandnis der modernen Physik wunschen. Anfanger und Selbstlerner erhalten durch die "Symmetrie-Perspektive" einen schnellen, aber tiefen Uberblick uber die moderne Physik. Erfahrene Studierende konnen durch den unkonventionellen Blickwinkel ihr Verstandnis vertiefen und Wissenslucken fullen.
Nachdem das Buch "Physics From Symmetry" Leser in aller Welt begeisterte, erscheint nun mit "Physik und Symmetrie" eine verbesserte deutsche Version. Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 07:42:05 GMTNumerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics (Lecture Notes in Geosystems Mathematics and Computing)
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This book presents the theory of waves propagation in a fluid-saturated porous medium (a Biot medium) and its application in Applied Geophysics. In particular, a derivation of absorbing boundary conditions in viscoelastic and poroelastic media is presented, which later is employed in the applications.
The partial differential equations describing the propagation of waves in Biot media are solved using the Finite Element Method (FEM).
Waves propagating in a Biot medium suffer attenuation and dispersion effects. In particular the fast compressional and shear waves are converted to slow diffusion-type waves at mesoscopic-scale heterogeneities (on the order of centimeters), effect usually occurring in the seismic range of frequencies.
In some cases, a Biot medium presents a dense set of fractures oriented in preference directions. When the average distance between fractures is much smaller than the wavelengths of the travelling fast compressional and shear waves, the medium behaves as an effective viscoelastic and anisotropic medium at the macroscale.
The book presents a procedure determine the coefficients of the effective medium employing a collection of time-harmonic compressibility and shear experiments, in the context of Numerical Rock Physics. Each experiment is associated with a boundary value problem, that is solved using the FEM.
This approach offers an alternative to laboratory observations with the advantages that they are inexpensive, repeatable and es Read more... ]]>Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:19:53 GMTTheory Of Heat Being Volume V Of Introduction To Theoretical Physics
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This book was originally published prior to 1923, and represents a reproduction of an important historical work, maintaining the same format as the original work. While some publishers have opted to apply OCR (optical character recognition) technology to the process, we believe this leads to sub-optimal results (frequent typographical errors, strange characters and confusing formatting) and does not adequately preserve the historical character of the original artifact. We believe this work is culturally important in its original archival form. While we strive to adequately clean and digitally enhance the original work, there are occasionally instances where imperfections such as blurred or missing pages, poor pictures or errant marks may have been introduced due to either the quality of the original work or the scanning process itself. Despite these occasional imperfections, we have brought it back into print as part of our ongoing global book preservation commitment, providing customers with access to the best possible historical reprints. We appreciate your understanding of these occasional imperfections, and sincerely hope you enjoy seeing the book in a format as close as possible to that intended by the original publisher. Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 20:19:31 GMTRecent Developments in Gravitation: Cargese 1978 (Nato Science Series B:)
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The theory of General Relativity, after its invention by Albert Einstein, remained for many years a monument of mathemati cal speculation, striking in its ambition and its formal beauty, but quite separated from the main stream of modern Physics, which had centered, after the early twenties, on quantum mechanics and its applications. In the last ten or fifteen years, however, the situation has changed radically. First, a great deal of significant exper~en tal data became available. Then important contributions were made to the incorporation of general relativity into the framework of quantum theory. Finally, in the last three years, exciting devel opments took place which have placed general relativity, and all the concepts behind it, at the center of our understanding of par ticle physics and quantum field theory. Firstly, this is due to the fact that general relativity is really the "original non-abe lian gauge theory," and that our description of quantum field in teractions makes extensive use of the concept of gauge invariance. Secondly, the ideas of supersymmetry have enabled theoreticians to combine gravity with other elementary particle interactions, and to construct what is perhaps the first approach to a more finite quantum theory of gravitation, which is known as super gravity.
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No mirrors please! Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 19:01:02 GMTThe Electron Mass and Calcium Isotope Shifts: High-Precision Measurements of Bound-Electron g-Factors of Highly Charged Ions (Springer Theses)
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This thesis presents the first isotope-shift measurement of bound-electron g-factors of highly charged ions and determines the most precise value of the electron mass in atomic mass units, which exceeds the value in the literature by a factor of 13. As the lightest fundamental massive particle, the electron is one of natures few central building blocks. A precise knowledge of its intrinsic properties, such as its mass, is mandatory for the most accurate tests in physics - the Quantum Electrodynamics tests that describe one of the four established fundamental interactions in the universe. The underlying measurement principle combines a high-precision measurement of the Larmor-to-cyclotron frequency ratio on a single hydrogen-like carbon ion studied in a Penning trap with very accurate calculations of the so-called bound-electron g-factor. Here, the g-factors of the valence electrons of two lithium-like calcium isotopes have been measured with relative uncertainties of a few 10^{-10}, constituting an as yet unrivaled level of precision for lithium-like ions. These calcium isotopes provide a unique system across the entire nuclear chart to test the pure relativistic nuclear recoil effect. Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 17:56:27 GMTAlbert Einstein: Gentle Genius: Physical Science (Science Readers)
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Product Description: Albert Einstein is probably the most influential scientist and greatest physicist of the twentieth century. He revolutionized our ideas about time and space and is best known for his theory of relativity and his equation E=mc^2, which explains the relationship between energy and mass. By age 30, he was considered by many to be one of the world's greatest scientific thinkers. Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 12:51:33 GMTAlbert Einstein: Ausgewahlte Texte [German]
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Als der Freund Albert Einsteins und Verwalter seines Nachlasses, Otto Nathan, am 18. April 1955 in Princeton diese Worte Goethes zitierte, war an diesem Tag nicht nur der bedeutendste Physiker des 20. Jahrhunderts gestorben, sondern auch ein Forscher, welchen u?ber sein Fachgebiet hinaus philosophische, ethische und politische Fragen bewegten, die er zu beantworten suchte, wenngleich nicht wie ein Gelehrter, der sich auf abstrakt-komplizierte Weise
dem Problem nahert, sondern wie ein Mensch, der bestrebt ist, mit moglichst einfachen Worten zu einem tieferen Verstandnis der Weltwirklichkeit beizutragen. Diese Wirklichkeit der Welt und ihre physikalischen Phanomene zu erfassen, war das Anliegen Einsteins, und sein Ringen um Wahrheit sollte nicht erfolglos bleiben... Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 12:47:54 GMTBis Einstein kam Die abenteuerliche Suche nach dem Geheimnis der Welt [German]
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So gut wie jeder hat zumindest schon einmal von Albert Einsteins Formel aus dem Jahre 1905 gehort, die als eine Art Nachtrag die Welt eroberte die Relativitatstheorie. Aber weit weniger Leute sind in der Lage, Einsteins Einblick gewahrende Zusammenhange zwischen Energie und Masse zu erklaren. David Bodanis bietet mit diesem Buch eine leicht verstandliche Erlauterung dieser beruhmten Gleichung. Masse, so schreibt er, "ist einfach die ultimative Form verdichteter oder konzentrierter Energie", wohingegen Energie "das ist, was unter den richtigen Voraussetzungen als alternative Form dieser Masse ausstrahlt".
Bodanis' Buch beschaftigt sich hauptsachlich damit, was diese Voraussetzungen genau sind. Es ist eine Hommage nicht nur an Albert Einstein, sondern auch an seine Vorganger, wie zum Beispiel James Maxwell, Michael Faraday und Antoine Lavoisier, die heute weit weniger bekannt sind. Indem er ein Gleichgewicht herstellt zwischen schriftstellerischer Energie und wissenschaftlichem Gewicht, ist Bodanis ein Handbuch der modernen Physik und der Kosmologie gelungen. Er beschreibt das heutige Universum als einen Ausdruck von Masse, die, in der weit entfernten Zukunft, wieder zuruck zur Energieseite der Gleichung ubergehen und damit das "Reich der Materie" mit "einer gro?en Stille" ersetzen wird eine Vision, die gleicherma?en schon und zutiefst erschreckend ist.
Ohne in die seichte Psychobiografie abzudriften, untersucht Bodanis auch andere Voraussetzungen, namlich Einsteins Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 12:44:48 GMTAtomic Spectra
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Atomic Spectra compiles papers on the highlighted developments in the atomic spectra.
This book discusses regularities in spectra emitted by monatomic gases that lead to an understanding of the structure of atoms and discovery of the principles that govern the behavior of matter on the atomic scale.
This compilation includes Rydberg's famous account of the series of spectral lines Weisskopf and Wigner’s papers on natural line-width and Bethe’s study on the Lamb shift of energy levels. Papers dealing with the spectra of atoms with more than two electrons in the valence shell and continuous spectra of atoms are not included.
This publication is useful to students intending to gain knowledge on the atomic spectra. Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 11:44:55 GMTEnergy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization (The Frontiers Collection)
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This book is about the mechanisms of wealth creation, or what we like to think of as evolutionary "progress." The massive circular flow of goods and services between producers and consumers is not a perpetual motion machine it has been dependent for the past 150 years on energy inputs from a finite storage of fossil fuels. In this book, you will learn about the three key requirements for wealth creation, and how this process acts according to physical laws, and usually after some part of the natural wealth of the planet has been exploited in an episode of "creative destruction." Knowledge and natural capital, particularly energy, will interact to power the human wealth engine in the future as it has in the past. Will it sputter or continue along the path of evolutionary progress that we have come to expect? Can the new immaterial wealth of information and ideas, which makes up the so-called knowledge economy, replace depleted natural wealth? These questions have no simple answers, but this masterful book will help you to understand the grand challenge of our time.
Praise for Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization:
“… people who run the modern world (politicians, economists and lawyers) have a very poor grasp of how it really works because they do not understand the fundamentals of energy, exergy and entropy … those decision-makers would greatly benefit from reading this book …” - Vaclav Smil, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Manitoba
“… A grandios Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 08:40:49 GMTSymmetry in Physics: Volume 2: Further Applications
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Table of contents :
Front Matter....Pages i-xviii
Electron States in Molecules....Pages 281-288
Symmetry in Crystalline Solids....Pages 289-324
Space and Time....Pages 325-392
Particles, Fields and Antiparticles....Pages 393-424
The Symmetric Group S n ....Pages 425-451
The Unitary Group U N ....Pages 452-484
Two Familiar ‘Accidental’ Degeneracies—the Oscillator and Coulomb Potentials....Pages 485-497
A Miscellany....Pages 498-523
Back Matter....Pages 524-564 Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 07:05:59 GMTSymmetry in Physics: Volume 1: Principles and Simple Applications
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Table of contents :
Front Matter....Pages i-xix
Introduction....Pages 1-8
Groups and Group Properties....Pages 9-23
Linear Algebra and Vector Spaces....Pages 24-42
Group Representations....Pages 43-84
Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics....Pages 85-105
Molecular Vibrations....Pages 106-124
Continuous Groups and their Representations, including Details of the Rotation Groups ?2 and ?3 ....Pages 125-155
Angular Momentum and the Group ?3 with Illustrations from Atomic Structure....Pages 156-182
Point Groups with an Application to Crystal Fields....Pages 183-212
Isospin and the Group SU 2 ....Pages 213-225
The Group SU3 with Applications to Elementary Particles....Pages 226-250
Supermultiplets in Nuclei and Elementary Particles —the Groups SU4 and SU6 and Quark Models....Pages 251-264
Back Matter....Pages 265-IV Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 07:04:11 GMTStudying Physics (Palgrave Study Skills)
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Studying Physics (Palgrave Study Skills) Read more... ]]>Thu, 19 Jan 2017 07:01:49 GMTSync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order
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At the heart of the universe is a steady, insistent beat, the sound of cycles in sync. Along the tidal rivers of Malaysia, thousands of fireflies congregate and flash in unison the moon spins in perfect resonance with its orbit around the earth our hearts depend on the synchronous firing of ten thousand pacemaker cells. While the forces that synchronize the flashing of fireflies may seem to have nothing to do with our heart cells, there is in fact a deep connection.
Synchrony is a science in its infancy, and Strogatz is a pioneer in this new frontier in which mathematicians and physicists attempt to pinpoint just how spontaneous order emerges from chaos. From underground caves in Texas where a French scientist spent six months alone tracking his sleep-wake cycle, to the home of a Dutch physicist who in 1665 discovered two of his pendulum clocks swinging in perfect time, this fascinating book spans disciplines, continents, and centuries. Engagingly written for readers of books such as Chaos and The Elegant Universe, Sync is a tour-de-force of nonfiction writing. Read more... ]]>Wed, 18 Jan 2017 22:57:01 GMTHigh-Impact Weather Events over the SAARC Region 2015th Edition
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This book is a compilation of papers contributed by researchers and scientists from SAARC nations and deals with high-impact weather conditions, their prediction and potential consequences for populations in the SAARC region. There have been a number of recent advances in our understanding and prediction of cyclones, severe thunderstorms, squalls, heat and cold waves, droughts and heavy rainfall, based on the latest observational data and NWP modeling platform. The SAARC region is vulnerable to high-impact weather events because of geophysical features like high mountains, plateaus and vast oceans. As our climate continues to change over the coming years, the likelihood of extreme and potentially high-impact weather and climate events will be at its highest when natural and anthropogenic effects combine. All chapters were written by leading experts in their respective research and operational fields.
The book reviews the latest research, future needs, forecasting skills and societal impacts of extreme weather events and offers high-quality reference material for weather forecasters, disaster managers and researchers. Read more... ]]>Wed, 18 Jan 2017 14:05:05 GMTPhysics of Nanostructured Solid State Devices
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Physics of Nanostructured Solid State Devices introduces readers to theories and concepts such as semi-classical and quantum mechanical descriptions of electron transport, methods for calculations of band structures in solids with applications in calculation of optical constants, and other advanced concepts. The information presented here will equip readers with the necessary tools to carry out cutting edge research in modern solid state nanodevices.
Read more... ]]>Wed, 18 Jan 2017 11:24:32 GMTApplied Group Theory: Selected Readings in Physics
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Applied Group Theory: Selected Readings in Physics Paperback – January 1, 1968
Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 17:08:47 GMTPhysik fuer Ahnungslose [German]
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Warmestrahlung? Halbleiter? Ohmsches Gesetz? Nie gehort! Im Berufsalltag oder Studium muss oft "verschuttetes" Wissen aufgefrischt oder sogar erweitert werden, und die sich daraus ergebenden Schwierigkeiten scheinen oft unuberwindbar. Dieser kompakte Bestseller enthalt das gesamt Basiswissen, das fur ein Verstandnis der Physik erforderlich ist und schlie?t so diese Lucke. Ein Buch fur alle, die entweder die Grundlagen mit moglichst geringem zeitlichem Aufwand erarbeiten mussen oder gezielt einzelne Details nachschlagen wollen. Die Disziplinen Mechanik, Warmelehre, Akustik, Optik, Elektrizitatslehre und Magnetismus und Atomphysik lassen sich unabhangig voneinander erarbeiten und sind einleuchtend und ubersichtlich dargestellt. Physik geht uns alle an! Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 15:48:50 GMTApplied gamma-ray spectrometry, (International series of monographs in analytical chemistry, v. 41)
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Applied gamma-ray spectrometry, (International series of monographs in analytical chemistry, v. 41) Hardcover – 1970
Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 09:56:24 GMTApplied Electromagnetics in Materials: Proceedings of the First International Symposium, Tokyo, 3-5 October 1988
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Applied Electromagnetics in Materials: Proceedings of the First International Symposium, Tokyo, 3-5 October 1988 1st Edition
Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 09:54:06 GMTA Quantum Approach to Condensed Matter Physics
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This reader-friendly introduction to the theory that underlies the many fascinating properties of solids assumes only an elementary knowledge of quantum mechanics. Taylor and Heinonen describe the methods for performing calculations and making predictions of some of the many complex phenomena that occur in solids and quantum liquids. Their book, aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, leads the reader from the fundamental behavior of electrons and atoms in solids to the most recently explored manifestations of the quantum nature of condensed matter.
Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 01:11:47 GMTHydrodynamics - Natural Water Bodies
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The phenomena related to the flow of fluids are generally complex, and difficult to quantify. New approaches, considering points of view still not explored, may introduce useful tools in the study of Hydrodynamics and the related transport phenomena. The details of the flows and the properties of the fluids must be considered on a very small scale perspective. Consequently, new concepts and tools are generated to better describe the fluids and their properties. This volume presents conclusions about advanced topics of calculated and observed flows. It contains twenty chapters, organized in five sections: 1) Mathematical Models in Fluid Mechanics 2) Biological Applications and Biohydrodynamics 3) Detailed Experimental Analyses of Fluids and Flows 4) Radiation-, Electro-, Magnetohydrodynamics, and Magnetorheology 5) Special Topics on Simulations and Experimental Data. These chapters present new points of view about methods and tools used in Hydrodynamics. Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:22:30 GMTSix Easy Pieces: Essentials of Physics Explained by Its Most Brilliant Teacher (Addison-Wesley Publishing)
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Essentials of Physics explained by its most brilliant teacher, Richard P. Feynman. Taken from his famous Lectures on Physics. An ideal introduction to the fundamentals of physics by one of the most admired and accessible scientists of our time. DLC: Physics. Read more... ]]>Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:08:58 GMTOptics for Technicians (SPIE press monograph vol. PM258)
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This book is an introduction to optics and optical fabrication that provides technicians with simple explanations supported by illustrations and diagrams. Detailed examples and calculations are also included. The behavior and performance of optical elements as individual components and as members of complete systems are discussed and evaluated. Further topics include the manufacturing, testing, and mounting of optical elements two-element systems optical coatings and aberrations. Read more... ]]>Mon, 16 Jan 2017 09:30:45 GMTHigher Spin Gauge Theories
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Symmetries play a fundamental role in physics. Non-Abelian gauge symmetries are the symmetries behind theories for massless spin-1 particles, while the reparametrization symmetry is behind Einstein's gravity theory for massless spin-2 particles. In supersymmetric theories these particles can be connected also to massless fermionic particles. Does Nature stop at spin-2 or can there also be massless higher spin theories. In the past strong indications have been given that such theories do not exist. However, in recent times ways to evade those constraints have been found and higher spin gauge theories have been constructed. With the advent of the AdS/CFT duality correspondence even stronger indications have been given that higher spin gauge theories play an important role in fundamental physics.
All these issues were discussed at a recent international workshop in Singapore where the leading scientists in the field participated. This volume presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the theories including its historic background, as well as the latest accomplishments in understanding the foundational properties of higher spin physics. Read more... ]]>Mon, 16 Jan 2017 09:01:05 GMTAn Introduction to Geometrical Physics
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This book focuses on the unifying power of the geometrical language in bringing together concepts from many different areas of physics, ranging from classical physics to the theories describing the four fundamental interactions of Nature — gravitational, electromagnetic, strong nuclear, and weak nuclear.
The book provides in a single volume a thorough introduction to topology and differential geometry, as well as many applications to both mathematical and physical problems. It is aimed as an elementary text and is intended for first year graduate students.
In addition to the traditional contents of books on special and general relativities, this book discusses also some recent advances such as de Sitter invariant special relativity, teleparallel gravity and their implications in cosmology for those wishing to reach a higher level of understanding. Read more... ]]>Mon, 16 Jan 2017 08:59:26 GMTQuantum Effects, Heavy Doping, and the Effective Mass (Series on the Foundations of Natural Science and Technology)
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The importance of the effective mass (EM) is already well known since the inception of solid-state physics and this first-of-its-kind monograph solely deals with the quantum effects in EM of heavily doped (HD) nanostructures. The materials considered are HD quantum confined nonlinear optical, III-V, II-VI, IV-VI, GaP, Ge, PtSb2, stressed materials, GaSb, Te, II-V, Bi2Te3, lead germanium telluride, zinc and cadmium diphosphides, and quantum confined III-V, II-VI, IV-VI, and HgTe/CdTe super-lattices with graded interfaces and effective mass super-lattices. The presence of intense light waves in optoelectronics and strong electric field in nano-devices change the band structure of semiconductors in fundamental ways, which have also been incorporated in the study of EM in HD quantized structures of optoelectronic compounds that control the studies of the HD quantum effect devices under strong fields. The importance of measurement of band gap in optoelectronic materials under intense external fields has also been discussed in this context. The influences of magnetic quantization, crossed electric and quantizing fields, electric field and light waves on the EM in HD semiconductors and super-lattices are discussed.
The content of this book finds twenty-eight different applications in the arena of nano-science and nano-technology. This book contains 200 open research problems which form the integral part of the text and are useful for both PhD aspirants and researchers in the fiel Read more... ]]>Mon, 16 Jan 2017 08:57:06 GMTAnalysis and Mathematical Physics (Ltcc Advanced Mathematics)
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This is a concise reference book on analysis and mathematical physics, leading readers from a foundation to advanced level understanding of the topic. This is the perfect text for graduate or PhD mathematical-science students looking for support in topics such as distributions, Fourier transforms and microlocal analysis, C* Algebras, value distribution of meromorphic functions, noncommutative differential geometry, differential geometry and mathematical physics, mathematical problems of general relativity, and special functions of mathematical physics.
Analysis and Mathematical Physics is the sixth volume of the LTCC Advanced Mathematics Series. This series is the first to provide advanced introductions to mathematical science topics to advanced students of mathematics. Edited by the three joint heads of the London Taught Course Centre for PhD Students in the Mathematical Sciences (LTCC), each book supports readers in broadening their mathematical knowledge outside of their immediate research disciplines while also covering specialized key areas.
Readership: Researchers, graduate or PhD mathematical-science students who require a reference book that covers advanced techniques used in applied mathematics research. Read more... ]]>Mon, 16 Jan 2017 08:53:47 GMTRelativistic Quantum Mechanics
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Relativistic Quantum Mechanics Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 15:53:44 GMTUnderstanding the Electron II: A Kerr-Metric Dog is Chasing its Own Tail
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In contrast to his preceding work the author will now solve the generalized (Metric) Dirac equation in the case of a rotating point mass (Kerr metric) “at rest”. The resulting quantum mechanical Kerr-object will be discussed. It will be found that the new solution resembles the classical Dirac solution, but contains an additional wave term allowing for waves around the rational axis of the Kerr-object. This revolving wave might be interpreted as spin.
Interestingly the solution allows for additional masses of uncharged leptons, which are extremely small and might lead to an understanding of the neutrino masses.
We also detected an asymmetry between matter and anti-matter particles, which might explain the observed matter dominance in our universe. Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 09:29:08 GMTEngineering Thermodynamics
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THERMODYNAMIC - EQUILIBRIUM STATE - REVERSIBLE AND IRREVERSIBLE PROCESSES - HEAT AND WORK TRANSFER - P-V DIAGRAM - LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS - THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM - FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS - CLOSED AND OPEN SYSTEMS – STEADY AND UNSTEADY FLOW PROCESSES - HEAT RESERVOIR - HEAT ENGINE - REFRIGERATOR - HEAT PUMP - CARNOT CYCLE - ENTROPY - T-S DIAGRAM - IDEAL GASES - STEAM TABLE AND MOLLIER CHART - RANKINE CYCLES - ECONOMISER - PREHEATER - MAXWELL RELATIONS - TDS EQUATIONS - ENERGY EQUATION - MASS FRACTION - GAS MIXTURE - MOLAR MASS - GAS CONSTANT - ENTHALPY - ENTROPY - PSYCHROMETRIC - HEATING AND COOLING - HUMIDIFICATION.
Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 09:27:28 GMTElectronic Structure, Volume 2 (Handbook of Surface Science)
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This book is the second volume in the Handbook of Surface Science series and deals with aspects of the electronic structure of surfaces as investigated by means of the experimental and theoretical methods of physics. The importance of understanding surface phenomena stems from the fact that for many physical and chemical phenomena, the surface plays a key role: in electronic, magnetic, and optical devices, in heterogenous catalysis, in epitaxial growth, and the application of protective coatings, for example. Therefore a better understanding and, ultimately, a predictive description of surface and interface properties is vital for the progress of modern technology. An investigation of surface electronic structure is also central to our understanding of all aspects of surfaces from a fundamental point of view. The chapters presented here review the goals achieved in the field and map out the challenges ahead, both in experiment and theory. Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 09:16:51 GMTSuperphenix: Technical and Scientific Achievements
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For the first time a book has been written on the technological and scientific knowledge, acquired during, buiding , operation and even dismantling of the Superphenix plant. This reactor remains today the most powerful sodium fast breeder reactor operated in the world.(1200 MWe). The last fast breeder reactor operated in the world is BN 800 in Russia that reached his nominal power (800 MWe) in 2016.
Joel Guidez began his career in the field of sodium-cooled fast reactors after leaving Ecole Centrale-Paris, in 1973. He has held various positions at Cadarache, Phenix and Superphenix, including as the head of the thermal hydraulic laboratory conducting tests for Phenix, Superphenix and the EFR European Fast Reactor project. He was also head of the OSIRIS research reactor, located at SACLAY, and of the HFR European Commission reactor, located in the Netherlands and spent two years as nuclear attache at the French embassy in Berlin. His 2012 book “Phenix: the experience feedback” was translated into English and republished in 2013, and this new book on Superphenix is in the same spirit of thematic analysis of a reactor experience feedback.
Gerard Prele graduated from the Ecole Centrale-Lyon and entered EDF and the field of sodium-cooled fast reactors in 1983. In 1985 he joined Superphenix, where he was a duty engineer and was later in charge of safety. He has held various positions at Superphenix and Phenix and was a fast neutron reactor (SFR) engineer at the EDF Centre Lyo Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 08:31:36 GMTFundamentals of Nuclear Physics
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This book introduces the current understanding of the fundamentals of nuclear physics by referring to key experimental data and by providing a theoretical understanding of principal nuclear properties.
It primarily covers the structure of nuclei at low excitation in detail. It also examines nuclear forces and decay properties. In addition to fundamentals, the book treats several new research areas such as non-relativistic as well as relativistic Hartree–Fock calculations, the synthesis of super-heavy elements, the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram, and nucleosynthesis in stars, to convey to readers the flavor of current research frontiers in nuclear physics. The authors explain semi-classical arguments and derivation of its formulae. In these ways an intuitive understanding of complex nuclear phenomena is provided.
The book is aimed at graduate school students as well as junior and senior undergraduate students and postdoctoral fellows. It is also useful for researchers to update their knowledge of diverse fields of nuclear structure. The book explains how basic physics such as quantum mechanics and statistical physics, as well as basic physical mathematics, is used to describe nuclear phenomena. A number of questions are given from place to place as supplements to the text. Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 08:15:36 GMTExplaining Gravity Simple Consistent And Complete
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Explaining simple means understanding the step by step process of complex outcomes. Being consistent means internally consistent and consistent with theory in general. Being complete here means a causal explanation of gravity of how both electrostatic and gravitational attraction occur by the interaction of particles or waves of energy can occur in a manner consistent with both quantum wave mechanic and relativity theory.
Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 07:32:08 GMTAbsolutely Small: How Quantum Theory Explains Our Everyday World
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"One of the most intriguing books about quantum science currently on the market. Must-read for those who want to learn more about quantum theory." - NSTA Recommends
Physics is a complex, even daunting topic, but it is also deeply satisfying even thrilling. And liberated from its mathematical underpinnings, physics suddenly becomes accessible to anyone with the curiosity and imagination to explore its beauty. Science without math? It's not that unusual. For example, we can understand the concept of gravity without solving a single equation. So for all those who may have pondered what makes blueberries blue and strawberries red for those who have wondered if sound really travels in waves and why light behaves so differently from any other phenomenon in the universe, it's all a matter of quantum physics. "Absolutely Small" presents (and demystifies) the world of quantum science like no book before. It explores scientific concepts from particles of light, to probability, to states of matter, to what makes greenhouse gases bad in considerable depth, but using examples from the everyday world. Challenging without being intimidating, accessible but not condescending, "Absolutely Small" develops the reader's intuition for the very nature of things at their most basic and intriguing levels. Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 03:15:15 GMTPrinciples of Newtonian and Quantum Mechanics, The: The Need for Planck's Constant, H (Second Edition)
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The second edition of this book deals, as the first, with the foundations of classical physics from the "symplectic" point of view, and of quantum mechanics from the "metaplectic" point of view. We have revised and augmented the topics studied in the first edition in the light of new results, and added several new sections. The Bohmian interpretation of quantum mechanics is discussed in detail. Phase space quantization is achieved using the "principle of the symplectic camel", which is a deep topological property of Hamiltonian flows. We introduce the notion of "quantum blob", which can be viewed as the fundamental phase space unit. The mathematical tools developed in this book are the theory of the symplectic and metaplectic group, the Maslov index in a rigorous form, and the Leray index of a pair of Lagrangian planes. The concept of the "metatron" is introduced, in connection with the Bohmian theory of motion. The short-time behavior of the propagator is studied and applied to the quantum Zeno effect.
Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 01:00:33 GMTInformation Photonics: Fundamentals, Technologies, and Applications
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The main aim of this book is to introduce the concept of photonic information processing technologies to the graduate and post-graduate students, researchers, engineers and scientists. It is expected to give the readers an insight into the concepts of photonic techniques of processing as a system, the photonic devices as required components which are applied in the areas of communication, computation and intelligent pattern recognition.
Read more... ]]>Sun, 15 Jan 2017 00:52:06 GMTTheory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale: An Introduction (Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences)
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This book is an introduction to a rapidly developing field of modern theoretical physics – the theory of quantum transport at nanoscale. The theoretical methods considered in the book are in the basis of our understanding of charge, spin and heat transport in nanostructures and nanostructured materials and are widely used in nanoelectronics, molecular electronics, spin-dependent electronics (spintronics) and bio-electronics. The book is based on lectures for graduate and post-graduate students at the University of Regensburg and the Technische Universitat Dresden (TU Dresden).
The first part is devoted to the basic concepts of quantum transport: Landauer-Buttiker method and matrix Green function formalism for coherent transport, Tunneling (Transfer) Hamiltonian and master equation methods for tunneling, Coulomb blockade, vibrons and polarons.
The results in this part are obtained as possible without sophisticated techniques, such as nonequilibrium Green functions, which are considered in detail in the second part.
A general introduction into the nonequilibrium Green function theory is given.
The approach based on the equation-of-motion technique, as well as more sophisticated one based on the Dyson-Keldysh diagrammatic technique are presented. The main attention is paid to the theoretical methods able to describe the nonequilibrium (at finite voltage) electron transport through interacting nanosystems, specifically the correlation effects due to electron-electron an Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 14:16:09 GMTAnalytic Properties of Feynman Diagrams in Quantum Field Theory (Monographs in Natural Philosophy)
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Analytic Properties of Feynman Diagrams in Quantum Field Theory: International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy Paperback – January 1, 1971 Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 10:56:05 GMTReasoning About Luck: Probability and Its Uses in Physics (Dover Books on Physics)
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Praised by the American Journal of Physics as "an outstanding and ambitious textbook for nonscience majors," this book introduces the uses of probability and statistics in the physical sciences, focusing on thermal and statistical physics. Only some familiarity with basic algebra is needed to understand explanations of many basic concepts.
Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 10:26:39 GMTIntroduction to Magnetohydrodynamics (Cambridge Texts in Applied Mathematics)
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Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) plays a crucial role in astrophysics, planetary magnetism, engineering and controlled nuclear fusion. This comprehensive textbook emphasizes physical ideas, rather than mathematical detail, making it accessible to a broad audience. Starting from elementary chapters on fluid mechanics and electromagnetism, it takes the reader all the way through to the latest ideas in more advanced topics, including planetary dynamos, stellar magnetism, fusion plasmas and engineering applications. With the new edition, readers will benefit from additional material on MHD instabilities, planetary dynamos and applications in astrophysics, as well as a whole new chapter on fusion plasma MHD. The development of the material from first principles and its pedagogical style makes this an ideal companion for both undergraduate students and postgraduate students in physics, applied mathematics and engineering. Elementary knowledge of vector calculus is the only prerequisite. Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 10:17:02 GMTSpirals in Amber 2nd Edition: Algorithm Universe Theory
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Algorithm Universe Theory (AuT) is the most fundamental view of the universe in existence. It appears counter-intuitive but when understood is so predictive and consistent that it overcomes the problems of intuition from our limited perspective. AuT provides (1) a pre-expansion model of the origin of space time, (2) the origin of quantum phenomena, (3) quantum length as information giving rise to perceived time, dimension, and quantum gravity, (4) the relationship of gravity to other forces, (5) the origin of force, (6) the transitions of dimensional coordinates to the different time, force and dimensional states we experience, (7)explanations of how we experience clock time, and history in a quantum environment (8) The relationship of velocity, gravity, and time dilation, (9) The reasons for the perception of speed in a non-linear environment, (10) The exponential growth of clock time concentration giving rise to a converging series of compressed information states going from space to energy to matter to black hole states and beyond, (12) wave-particle duality, (13) an understanding that all phenomena and not just time move in a single direction and that all change is at the same speed, (14) the origins of what we have previously thought of as dark matter gravitational forces by way of example. NLT (the predecessor of NLC) correctly predicted that the alleged reports finding a Higgs Boson was inaccurate, and (15) it takes us far back before the first big bang (traveling bac Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 09:42:52 GMTConceptual Physical Science (6th Edition)
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013408229X For one- or two-semester physical science survey courses for non-science majors.
Opening the Doors of Science
Conceptual Physical Science, Sixth Edition, provides a conceptual overview of basic, essential topics in physics, chemistry, earth science, and astronomy with optional quantitative analyses. The authors focus on concepts before computations. With its clear, friendly writing style, and strong integration of the sciences, this book connects well with all students.
Also available with MasteringPhysics
MasteringPhysics™ from Pearson is the leading online teaching and learning system designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content. Ensure that students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class, and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics™. Students can further master concepts after class through traditional homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions.
Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever–before, during, and after class. Read more... ]]>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 07:01:11 GMT