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16043Laser Beams: Theory, Properties and Applications
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This book considers some general laser-induced processes that are involved in laser-matter interactions. A brief review is presented about a very ting application of laser beams in the fields of materials science: the growth of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructured films by Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD). In addition, safe and precise cavity detection, especially of dangerous or inaccessible voids, is essential to safe production in a working mine. The advantages and disadvantages of laser detection systems are analysed, and a combination of laser scanning techniques and conventional survey methodology is proposed. Other chapters in this book present an overview on laser cladding, a discussion of the applications of structured laser beams in laser refractography technology, a review of some fundamentals of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and an analysis of laser forming of steel parts by means of diode lasers. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 07:11:54 GMTLasers <![CDATA[&]]> Electro-Optics Research at the Cutting Edge
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It is expected that ongoing advances in optics will revolutionise the 21st century as they began doing in the last quarter of the 20th. Such fields as communications, materials science, computing and medicine are leaping forward based on developments in optics. This series presents leading edge research on optics and lasers from researchers spanning the globe. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 07:10:31 GMTLithium Batteries:: Research, Technology and Applications
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Lithium ion batteries, a class of chemical power sources that use an electrochemical process of lithium ion intercalation into or de-intercalation from host materials, are gaining dominance in mobile electronic applications, and are also showing promise for an upcoming new generation of electric vehicle applications. Since Sony Corporation commercialised rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, the batteries have been widely utilised as the power sources in a wide range of applications, such as mobile phones, laptop computers, digital cameras, electrical vehicles, and hybrid electrical vehicles. This book is concerned with the recent developments in and research of LiFePo4 cathode materials with an emphasis on the synthesis method and how to improve electrochemical performance. Moreover, the efforts made to develop other new inorganic cathode materials for a new generation of lithium ion batteries are reviewed. A systematic semi-empirical way to analyse the constituents of total cell impedance in lithium-ion battery is also presented. In addition, overcharge protection is not only critical for preventing the thermal runaway of lithium-ion batteries during operation, but also important for automatic capacity during battery manufacturing and repair. This book compares three overcharge protection strategies - external circuit protection, inactivation agents, and redox shuttles - to highlight the advantage of redox shuttles for overcharge protection. The safety of lithium-ion battery Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 07:09:17 GMTLagrangian Quantum Field Theory in Momentum Picture: Free Fields
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The monograph is devoted to in-depth analysis of the Langrangian approach in momentum picture of motion to quantum free scalar, spinor and vector fields. The main purpose of the monograph is to suggest a new approach and analysis of known of problems which results in reestablishment of known facts and new results. Almost all considerations will be done in the momentum picture of motion instead of the standard representation in Heisenberg picture of motion. All calculations are given in full details and the hypotheses underlying the theory are explicitly formulated at the points when they are logically required. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 07:04:05 GMTShock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Volume 3: Solids II
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This book is the second volume of Solids Volumes in theShockWaveScience and Technology Reference Library. These volumes are primarily concerned with high-pressure shock waves in solid media, including detonation and hi- velocity impact and penetration events. This volume contains four articles. The ?rst two describe the reactive behavior of condensed-phase explosives, and the remaining two discuss the inert, mechanical response of solid materials. The articles are each se- contained, and can be read independently of each other. They o?er a timely reference, for beginners as well as professional scientists and engineers, cov- ing the foundations and the latest progress, and include burgeoning devel- ment as well as challenging unsolved problems. The ?rst chapter, by S. She?eld and R. Engelke, discusses the shock initiation and detonation phenomena of solids explosives. The article is an outgrowth of two previous review articles: Explosives in vol. 6 of En- clopedia of Applied Physics (VCH, 1993) and Initiation and Propagation of Detonation in Condensed-Phase High Explosives in High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids III (Springer, 1998). This article is not only an - dated review, but also o?ers a concise heuristic introduction to shock waves and condensed-phase detonation. The authors emphasize the point that d- onation is not an uncontrollable, chaotic event, but that it is an orderly event that is governed by and is describable in terms of the conservation of mass, moment Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 05:52:53 GMTExcimer Laser Technology
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A timely and comprehensive survey, Excimer Laser Technology reports on the current status and range of the underlying technology, applications and devices of this commonly used laser source, as well as the future of new technologies, such as F2 laser technology. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 05:17:34 GMTLocal and Semi-Local Bifurcations in Hamiltonian Dynamical Systems: Results and Examples (Lecture Notes in Mathematics)
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This book demonstrates that while elliptic and hyperbolic tori determine the distribution of maximal invariant tori, they themselves form n-parameter families. Therefore, torus bifurcations of high co-dimension may be found in a single given Hamiltonian system, absent untypical conditions or external parameters. The text moves logically from the integrable case, in which symmetries allow for reduction to bifurcating equilibria, to non-integrability, where smooth parametrisations must be replaced by Cantor sets. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Sep 2018 03:42:29 GMTGlencoe Physical Science, Student Edition
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Give every student a deeper understanding of physical science Glencoe Physical Science integrates accurate and comprehensive coverage of physics and chemistry with mathematics through accessible text, engaging features, and a variety of hands-on experiences. The critical-thinking opportunities, real-world applications, and technology resources lead students to a deeper understanding of physical science, while building science process skills Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Sep 2018 23:19:06 GMTExcel 2013 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
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This book shows the is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical science problems. If understanding statistics isnt your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in science courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2013 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply Excel to statistical techniques necessary in their courses and work. Each chapter explains statistical formulas and directs the reader to use Excel commands to solve specific, easy-to-understand science problems. Practice problems are provided at the end of each chapter with their solutions in an appendix. Separately, there is a full Practice Test (with answers in an Appendix) that allows readers to test what they have learned. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Sep 2018 09:15:36 GMTCoastal Cliffs: Morphology and Management
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This book offers an insight into the global occurrence, geomorphology, evolution, weathering and erosion of coastal cliffs and bluffs. Stabilization and preservation of cliffs are treated in detail. Mitigation of cliff hazards and preservation of scenic features and sites of scientific importance requires effective coastal cliff management that can only be based on thorough knowledge of the physical processes at work. Cliffs have been cut in various geological formations, and have taken shape as a sequel to a world-wide sea level rise. Most cliffs have receded as the result of weathering and erosion, but some are now stable. Where they are actively receding, consuming useful agricultural or forested land or threatening coastal structures such as roads, buildings and seaside towns, it may be necessary to halt their retreat, or at least to modify it, by coastal cliff management. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Sep 2018 08:23:34 GMTRandom Walks, Random Fields, and Disordered Systems (Lecture Notes in Mathematics)
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Focusing on the mathematics that lies at the intersection of probability theory, statistical physics, combinatorics and computer science, this volume collects together lecture notes on recent developments in the area. The common ground of these subjects is perhaps best described by the three terms in the title: Random Walks, Random Fields and Disordered Systems. The specific topics covered include a study of Branching Brownian Motion from the perspective of disordered (spin-glass) systems, a detailed analysis of weakly self-avoiding random walks in four spatial dimensions via methods of field theory and the renormalization group, a study of phase transitions in disordered discrete structures using a rigorous version of the cavity method, a survey of recent work on interacting polymers in the ballisticity regime and, finally, a treatise on two-dimensional loop-soup models and their connection to conformally invariant systems and the Gaussian Free Field. The notes are aimed at early graduate students with a modest background in probability and mathematical physics, although they could also be enjoyed by seasoned researchers interested in learning about recent advances in the above fields. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Sep 2018 05:51:13 GMTClassical and Generalized Models of Elastic Rods (Modern Mechanics and Mathematics)
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Reflecting new developments in the study of Saint-Venant's problem, Classical and Generalized Models of Elastic Rods focuses on the deformation of elastic cylinders for three models of continuum: classical elastic continuum, Cosserat elastic body, and porous elastic material. The author presents a method to construct Saint-Venant's solutions, minimum energy characterizations of these solutions, and a proof of Saint-Venant's principle. He then discusses the deformation of nonhomogenous and isotropic cylinders as well as the problem of loaded anisotropic elastic cylinders. The book also deals with the deformation of cylinders within the linearized theory of homogeneous Cosserat elastic solids, the deformation of nonhomogeneous Cosserat cylinders, and the extension, bending, and torsion of porous elastic cylinders. With numerous results not found in related texts, this book provides a unique, unified point of view in the theory of the deformation of elastic cylinders. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Sep 2018 02:07:01 GMTAsymptotics and Borel Summability (Monographs and Surveys in Pure and Applied Mathematics)
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Incorporating substantial developments from the last thirty years into one resource, Asymptotics and Borel Summability provides a self-contained introduction to asymptotic analysis with special emphasis on topics not covered in traditional asymptotics books. The author explains basic ideas, concepts, and methods of generalized Borel summability, transseries, and exponential asymptotics. He provides complete mathematical rigor while supplementing it with heuristic material and examples, so that some proofs may be omitted by applications-oriented readers. To give a sense of how new methods are used in a systematic way, the book analyzes in detail general nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) near a generic irregular singular point. It enables readers to master basic techniques, supplying a firm foundation for further study at more advanced levels. The book also examines difference equations, partial differential equations (PDEs), and other types of problems. Chronicling the progress made in recent decades, this book shows how Borel summability can recover exact solutions from formal expansions, analyze singular behavior, and vastly improve accuracy in asymptotic approximations. Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Sep 2018 22:51:03 GMTWKB Approximation in Atomic Physics
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This book has evolved from lectures devoted to applications of the Wentzel - Kramers – Brillouin- (WKB or quasi-classical) approximation and of the method of 1/N ?expansion for solving various problems in atomic and nuclear physics. The intent of this book is to help students and investigators in this field to extend their knowledge of these important calculation methods in quantum mechanics. Much material is contained herein that is not to be found elsewhere. WKB approximation, while constituting a fundamental area in atomic physics, has not been the focus of many books. A novel method has been adopted for the presentation of the subject matter, the material is presented as a succession of problems, followed by a detailed way of solving them. The methods introduced are then used to calculate Rydberg states in atomic systems and to evaluate potential barriers and quasistationary states. Finally, adiabatic transition and ionization of quantum systems are covered. Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Sep 2018 10:43:37 GMTPractical Aspects of Trapped Ion Mass Spectrometry, Volume IV: Theory and Instrumentation
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Reflecting the substantial increase in popularity of quadrupole ion traps and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometers, Practical Aspects of Trapped Ion Mass Spectrometry, Volume IV: Theory and Instrumentation explores the historical origins of the latest advances in this expanding field. It covers new methods for trapping ions, such as the Orbitrap™, the digital ion trap (DIT), the rectilinear ion trap (RIT), and the toroidal ion trap the development and application of the quadrupole ion trap (QIT) and the quadrupole linear ion trap (LIT) and the introduction of high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS).
After a combined appreciation and historical survey of mass spectrometry and a discussion of how improved capabilities for microfabrication have led to interest in arrays of ion traps, the book examines the theory and practice of the Orbitrap mass analyzer, the rectangular waveform-driven DIT mass spectrometer, FAIMS, and ion traps with circular geometries. It next discusses ion accumulation for increasing sensitivity in FT-ICR spectrometry, a radio frequency-only-mode event for Penning traps in FT MS, and an FT operating mode applied to a 3D-QIT. The text then presents three behavioral aspects of quadrupole rod sets, before illustrating the development of the 3D-QIT in recent years. The final chapters explore photodissociation in ion traps and the chemical and photochemical studies of metal dication complexes in a 3D- Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Sep 2018 10:29:15 GMTHeavy WIMP Effective Theory: Formalism and Applications for Scattering on Nucleon Targets
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This book is about dark matters particle nature and the implications of a new symmetry that appears when a hypothetical dark matter particle is heavy compared to known elementary particles. Dark matter exists and composes about 85% of the matter in the universe, but it cannot be explained in terms of the known elementary particles. Discovering dark matter's particle nature is one of the most pressing open problems in particle physics. This thesis derives the implications of a new symmetry that appears when the hypothetical dark matter particle is heavy compared to the known elementary particles, a situation which is well motivated by the null results of searches at the LHC and elsewhere. The new symmetry predicts a universal interaction between dark matter and ordinary matter, which in turn may be used to determine the event rate and detectable energy in dark matter direct detection experiments. The computation of heavy wino and higgsino dark matter presented in this work has become a benchmark for the field of direct detection. This thesis has also spawned a new field of investigation in dark matter indirect detection, determining heavy WIMP annihilation rates using effective field theory methods. It describes a new formalism for implementing Lorentz invariance constraints in nonrelativistic theories, with a surprising result at 1/M^4 order that contradicts the prevailing ansatz in the past 20 years of heavy quark literature. The author has also derived new perturbative QCD Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Sep 2018 08:41:36 GMTThe Beauty of Everyday Mathematics
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Imagine that you've finally found a parking space after a long and harrowing search, but are now encountering some difficulty in trying to enter this space. Wouldn't it be great if you knew a formula that allowed you to enter the space without difficulty? Are you annoyed because your soda can doesn't remain upright during a picnic? Would you like to know why a mirror swaps right and left, but not top and bottom? Are you looking for a mathematical speech to toast your mother-in-law's 85th birthday? Or do you want to give your heart away mathematically? Dr. Norbert Herrmann provides amusing and entertaining solutions to these and many other problems that we encounter in everyday situations.“A book for teachers, students of mathematics, and anybody who likes unusual and amusing calculations.” Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Sep 2018 04:20:39 GMTSpeleological and Speleogenetic Aspects of the Monti di Capo San Vito (Sicily): Influence of Morphotectonic Evolution
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This thesis includes a wealth of cave maps, as well as photos of the caves and karst morphologies. At the heart of the thesis is the important discovery of a flank margin cave with speleothem hiatuses and fossil invertebrate associations. The analysis of the structural and karst morphological elements surveyed in the main explored caves in Monti di Capo San Vito has made it possible to identify both the state of control of the processes of karstification in tectonic phases during the Plio-Pleistocene upliftings and the kinematic character of some karstified structures, linked at two speleogenetic phases. Furthermore, the surveying of karst forms on the relict sea-cliffs and particularly the exceptional discovery and dating of marine and continental incrustations in the Rumena cave, has yielded essential advances in our knowledge of past climatic events and eustatic level changes in the Mediterranean, as well as their influence on the evolution of the coastal belt. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 21:31:32 GMTWater Governance in the Face of Global Change: From Understanding to Transformation
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This book offers the first comprehensive treatment of multi-level water governance, developing a conceptual and analytical framework that captures the complexity of real water governance systems while also introducing different approaches to comparative analysis. Applications illustrate how the ostensibly conflicting goals of deriving general principles and of taking context-specific factors into account can be reconciled. Specific emphasis is given to governance reform, adaptive and transformative capacity and multi-level societal learning. The sustainable management of global water resources is one of the most pressing environmental challenges of the 21st century. Many problems and barriers to improvement can be attributed to failures in governance rather than the resource base itself. At the same time our understanding of complex water governance systems largely remains limited and fragmented. The book offers an invaluable resource for all researchers working on water governance topics and for practitioners dealing with water governance challenges alike. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 21:26:15 GMTFundamentals of Photonics (2nd edition)
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Now in a new full-color edition, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Edition is a self-contained and up-to-date introductory-level textbook that thoroughly surveys this rapidly expanding area of engineering and applied physics. Featuring a logical blend of theory and applications, coverage includes detailed accounts of the primary theories of light, including ray optics, wave optics, electromagnetic optics, and photon optics, as well as the interaction of photons and atoms, and semiconductor optics. Presented at increasing levels of complexity, preliminary sections build toward more advanced topics,
such as Fourier optics and holography, guided-wave and fiber optics, semiconductor sources and detectors, electro-optic and acousto-optic devices, nonlinear optical devices, optical interconnects and switches, and optical fiber communications.
Each of the twenty-two chapters of the first edition has been thoroughly updated. The Second Edition also features entirely new chapters on photonic-crystal optics (including multilayer and periodic media, waveguides, holey fibers, and resonators) and ultrafast optics (including femtosecond optical pulses, ultrafast nonlinear optics, and optical solitons). The chapters on optical interconnects and switches and optical fiber communications have been completely rewritten to accommodate current technology.
Each chapter contains summaries, highlighted equations, exercises, problems, and selected reading lists. Examples of real systems are inc Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 20:07:29 GMTBeyond Born-Oppenheimer: Electronic Nonadiabatic Coupling Terms and Conical Intersections
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The Born-Oppenheimer approximation has been fundamental to calculation in molecular spectroscopy and molecular dynamics since the early days of quantum mechanics. This is despite well-established fact that it is often not valid due to conical intersections that give rise to strong nonadiabatic effects caused by singular nonadiabatic coupling terms (NACTs). In Beyond Born-Oppenheimer, Michael Baer, a leading authority on molecular scattering theory and electronic nonadiabatic processes, addresses this deficiency and introduces a rigorous approach–diabatization–for eliminating troublesome NACTs and deriving well-converged equations to treat the interactions within and between molecules.
Concentrating on both the practical and theoretical aspects of electronic nonadiabatic transitions in molecules, Professor Baer uses a simple mathematical language to rigorously eliminate the singular NACTs and enable reliable calculations of spectroscopic and dynamical cross sections. He presents models of varying complexity to illustrate the validity of the theory and explores the significance of the study of NACTs and the relationship between molecular physics and other fields in physics, particularly electrodynamics.
The first book of its king Beyond Born-Oppenheimer:
- Presents a detailed mathematical framework to treat electronic NACTs and their conical intersections
- Describes the Born-Oppenheimer treatment, including the concepts of adiabatic and diabatic frameworks
- Introdu Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 19:57:17 GMTQuantum Invariants of Knots and 3-Manifolds (De Gruyter Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 18), 2nd Edition
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Due to the strong appeal and wide use of this monograph, it is now available in its second revised edition. The monograph gives a systematic treatment of 3-dimensional topological quantum field theories (TQFTs) based on the work of the author with N. Reshetikhin and O. Viro. This subject was inspired by the discovery of the Jones polynomial of knots and the Witten-Chern-Simons field theory. On the algebraic side, the study of 3-dimensional TQFTs has been influenced by the theory of braided categories and the theory of quantum groups. The book is divided into three parts. Part I presents a construction of 3-dimensional TQFTs and 2-dimensional modular functors from so-called modular categories. This gives a vast class of knot invariants and 3-manifold invariants as well as a class of linear representations of the mapping class groups of surfaces. In Part II the technique of 6j-symbols is used to define state sum invariants of 3-manifolds. Their relation to the TQFTs constructed in Part I is established via the theory of shadows. Part III provides constructions of modular categories, based on quantum groups and skein modules of tangles in the 3-space. This fundamental contribution to topological quantum field theory is accessible to graduate students in mathematics and physics with knowledge of basic algebra and topology. It is an indispensable source for everyone who wishes to enter the forefront of this fascinating area at the borderline of mathematics and physics. From the co Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 19:52:37 GMTQuantum Field Theory (North Holland)
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This book has pleasant associations with the group of physicists who were working at Manchester from 1953 to 1955. When Dr. Umezawa arrived in Manchester he brought with him a small Japanese book which he had written the many formulae and names of European physicists printed in, Roman type were sufficient clues to the contents: it was clearly a textbook of quantum electrodynamics. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 13:07:37 GMTHigh-Energy-Density Physics: Fundamentals, Inertial Fusion, and Experimental Astrophysics
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This book has two goals. One goal is to provide a means for those new to high-energy-density physics to gain a broad foundation from one text. The second goal is to provide a useful working reference for those in the ?eld. This book has at least four possible applications in an academic c- text. It can be used for training in high-energy-density physics, in support of the growing number of university and laboratory research groups working in this area. It also can be used by schools with an emphasis on ultrafast lasers, to provide some introduction to issues present in all lasertarget - perimentswithhigh-powerlasers,andwiththoroughcoverageofthematerial in Chap. 11 on relativistic systems. In addition, it could be used by physics, applied physics, or engineering departments to provide in a single course an introduction to the basics of ?uid mechanics and radiative transfer, with d- matic applications. Finally, it could be used by astrophysics departments for a similar purpose, with the parallel bene?t of training the students in the similarities and di?erences between laboratory and astrophysical systems. The notation in this text is deliberately sparse and when possible a given symbol has only one meaning. A de?nition of the symbols used is given in Appendix A. In various cases, additional subscripts are added to distinguish among cases of the same quantity, as for example in the use of ? and ? 1 2 to distinguish the mass density in two di?erent regions.
My Links Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 12:06:11 GMTPlasma Discharge in Liquid: Water Treatment and Applications
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Plasma methods that effectively combine ultraviolet radiation, active chemicals, and high electric fields offer an alternative to conventional water treatment methods. However, knowledge of the electric breakdown of liquids has not kept pace with this increasing t, mostly due to the complexity of phenomena related to the plasma breakdown process. Plasma Discharge in Liquid: Water Treatment and Applications provides engineers and scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical phenomena associated with plasma discharges in liquids, particularly in water. It also examines state-of-the-art plasma-assisted water treatment technologies.
The Physics and Applications of Underwater Plasma Discharges
The first part of the book describes the physical mechanism of pulsed electric breakdown in water and other liquids. It looks at how plasma is generated in liquids and discusses the electronic and bubble mechanism theories for how the electric discharge in liquid is initiated. The second part of the book focuses on various water treatment applications, including:
Decontamination of volatile organic compounds and remediation of contaminated water
Microorganism sterilization and other biological applications
Cooling water treatment
Drawing extensively on recent research, this one-stop reference combines the physics and applications of electric breakdown in liquids in a single volume. It offers a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, and studen Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 10:17:04 GMTEinsteins Berlin: Auf den Spuren eines Genies
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"Ostern gehe ich nach Berlin als Akademie-Mensch ohne irgendwelche Verpflichtungen, quasi als lebendige Mumie" schrieb Albert Einstein im Herbst 1913. Fast zwei Jahrzehnte wirkte der wohl bedeutendste Physiker des 20ten Jahrhunderts in der preu and szlig ischen Metropole. Diese Jahre markieren den Hhepunkt in seiner wissenschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Anerkennung - sie waren allerdings auch eine Zeit zunehmender politischer und antisemitisch geprgter Angriffe.
Was waren jene menschlichen und wissenschaftlichen Beziehungen, die Einstein trotzdem so eng und fr fast zwei Jahrzehnte an Berlin banden? Der Autor, selbst ein profunder Kenner der Wissenschaftsgeschichte, gibt darber Auskunft: Auf mehr als 30 Stationen begleitet der Leser Einstein durch Berlin und Umgebung, lernt auf anschauliche Art seine Zeitgenossen und alle wichtige Schaupltze seines Lebens in der Hauptstadt kennen.
Zahlreiche Illustrationen und Fotos der historischen Schaupltze und Ausschnitte aus dem heutigen Stadtplan erleichtern das Auffinden und ermglichen dem Leser einen Rundgang durch eines der wichtigsten Kapitel der modernen Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
No Other Mirrors, Please! Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 09:53:36 GMTKinematic-Wave Rainfall-Runoff Formulas
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This is not an ordinary book on rainfall and runoff. All the general and working formulas in this book are theoretically derived. The formulas are therefore globally and eternally applicable, as long as the situations under consideration are within the assumptions and limitations of the theory. This epitomizes the powerful nature of the physically-based approach in hydrology. This book covers formulas for flow depth flow velocity average flow velocity wave celerity average wave celerity time of concentration rising, equilibrium and falling phases of a hydrograph forward characteristic rising, equilibrium and falling phases of water surface profiles duration of partial equilibrium discharge and equilibrium detention storage for flow on an overland plane, and flow in nine different channel shapes, which are (i) circular, (ii) parabolic, (iii) rectangular (deep), (iv) rectangular (square), (v) rectangular (wide), (vi) trapezoidal with equal side slopes, (vii) trapezoidal with one side vertical, (viii) triangular, and (ix) vertical curb. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 09:33:38 GMTSymmetry Breaking
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The new edition of this well received primer on rigorous aspects of symmetry breaking presents a more detailed and thorough discussion of the mechanism of symmetry breaking in classical field theory in relation with the Noether theorem. Moreover, the link between symmetry breaking without massless Goldstone bosons in Coulomb systems and in gauge theories is made more explicit. A subject index has been added and a number of misprints have been corrected. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 08:49:55 GMTMolecular Processes in Plasmas: Collisions of Charged Particles with Molecules (Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics)
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A variety of plasmas include molecules rather than only ions or atoms. Examples are ionospheres of the Earth and other planets, stellar atmospheres, gaseous discharges for use in various devices and processes, and fusion plasmas in the edge region. This book describes the role of molecules in those plasmas by showing elementary collision processes involving those molecules.
Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 08:48:03 GMTModern Physics: for Scientists and Engineers
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Intended for a first course in modern physics, following an introductory course in physics with calculus, Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers begins with a brief and focused account of the historical events leading to the formulation of modern quantum theory, while later chapters delve into the underlying physics. Streamlined content, chapters on semiconductors, Dirac Equation and Quantum Field Theory, and a robust pedagogy and ancillary package including an accompanying website with computer applets assists students in learning the essential material.
Develops modern quantum mechanical ideas systematically and uses these ideas consistently throughout the book
Carefully considers fundamental subjects such as transition probabilities, crystal structure, reciprocal lattices, and Bloch theorem which are fundamental to any treatment of lasers and semiconductor devices
Uses applets which make it possible to consider real physical systems such as many-electron atoms and semi-conductor devices Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 07:55:27 GMTGauge Theories of Weak Interactions
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The interaction between neutrinos and matter is an example of the type classified as weak, and such interactions also allow many elementary particle decays and the beta decay of the nuclei. The development of gauge theories has provided the basis for a complete and consistent account of weak interactions, at the same time displaying their unity with electromagnetism. Gauge theories in this context were first proposed in 1967. Rapid mathematical development took place from 1971, and on this book's publication in 1979, a moderate amount of empirical verification had been achieved.
No Other Mirrors, Please! Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 04:29:31 GMTThe Formation of Shocks in 3-Dimensional Fluids
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The equations describing the motion of a perfect fluid were first formulated by Euler in 1752, partially based on earlier work of D. Bernoulli. These equations were among the first partial differential equations to be written down but, after the lapse of two and a half centuries, we are still far from having achieved an adequate understanding of the observed phenomena which are supposed to lie within the domain of validity of the Euler equations. The first work on the formation of shocks, the subject of the present monograph, was done by Riemann in 1858 with Einstein's discovery of the special theory of relativity in 1905, and its final formulation by Minkowski in 1908 the concept of spacetime with its geometry was introduced and the Euler equations were extended to become compatible with special relativity. This lead to new insight on the shock development, but few general results on the formation of shocks in three-dimensional fluids have been obtained up to this day. This monograph considers the relativistic Euler equations in three space dimensions for a perfect fluid with an arbitrary equation of state. We consider initial data for these equations which outside a sphere coincide with the data corresponding to a constant state. Under suitable restriction on the size of the initial departure from the constant state, we establish theorems that give a complete description of the maximal classical development. In particular, it is shown that the boundary of the domain of the Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 03:33:35 GMTThe Monster Group and Majorana Involutions (Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics)
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This is the first book to contain a rigorous construction and uniqueness proof for the largest and most famous sporadic simple group, the Monster. The author provides a systematic exposition of the theory of the Monster group, which remains largely unpublished despite great interest from both mathematicians and physicists due to its intrinsic connection with various areas in mathematics, including reflection groups, modular forms and conformal field theory. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Sep 2018 03:06:36 GMTProbing Correlated Quantum Many-Body Systems at the Single-Particle Level
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How much knowledge can we gain about a physical system and to what degree can we control it? In quantum optical systems, such as ion traps or neutral atoms in cavities, single particles and their correlations can now be probed in a way that is fundamentally limited only by the laws of quantum mechanics. In contrast, quantum many-body systems pose entirely new challenges due to the enormous number of microscopic parameters and their small length- and short time-scales.
This thesis describes a new approach to probing quantum many-body systems at the level of individual particles: Using high-resolution, single-particle-resolved imaging and manipulation of strongly correlated atoms, single atoms can be detected and manipulated due to the large length and time-scales and the precise control of internal degrees of freedom. Such techniques lay stepping stones for the experimental exploration of new quantum many-body phenomena and applications thereof, such as quantum simulation and quantum information, through the design of systems at the microscopic scale and the measurement of previously inaccessible observables. Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 19:09:00 GMTStudying Complex Surface Dynamical Systems Using Helium-3 Spin-Echo Spectroscopy (Springer Theses)
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Chemical reactions and growth processes on surfaces depend on the diffusion and re-orientation of the adsorbate molecules. A fundamental understanding of the forces guiding surface motion is thus of utmost importance for the advancement of many fields of science and technology. To date, our understanding of the principles underlying surface dynamics remains extremely limited, due to the difficulties involved in measuring these processes experimentally. The helium-3 spin-echo (HeSE) technique is uniquely capable of probing such surface dynamical phenomena. The present thesis extends the field of application of HeSE from atomic and small molecular systems to more complex systems. Improvements to the supersonic helium beam source, a key component of the spectrometer, as well as a detailed investigation of a range of five-membered aromatic adsorbate species are presented. The thesis provides a comprehensive description of many aspects of the HeSE method - instrumentation, measurement and data analysis - and as such offers a valuable introduction for newcomers to the field.
Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 17:29:55 GMTProgramming Projects in C for Students of Engineering, Science, and Mathematics
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Like a pianist who practices from a book of etudes, readers of Programming Projects in C for Students of Engineering, Science, and Mathematics will learn by doing. Written as a tutorial on how to think about, organize, and implement programs in scientific computing, this book achieves its goal through an eclectic and wide-ranging collection of projects. Each project presents a problem and an algorithm for solving it, and the reader is guided through implementing the algorithm in C and compiling and testing the results. It is not necessary to carry out the projects in sequential order. The projects contain suggested algorithms and partially completed programs for implementing them to enable the reader to exercise and develop skills in scientific computing require only a working knowledge of undergraduate multivariable calculus, differential equations, and linear algebra and are written in platform-independent standard C. The Unix command-line is used to illustrate compilation and execution.The primary audience of this book is graduate students in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences. The book will also be of interest to advanced undergraduates and working professionals who wish to exercise and hone their skills in programming mathematical algorithms in C. A working knowledge of the C programming language is assumed. Contents: Part I: A common background Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: File organization Chapter 3: Streams and the Unix shell Chapter 4: Pointers Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 15:19:06 GMTMathematical Physics: Applied Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers, 2nd Edition
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What sets this volume apart from other mathematics texts is its emphasis on mathematical tools commonly used by scientists and engineers to solve real-world problems. Using a unique approach, it covers intermediate and advanced material in a manner appropriate for undergraduate students. Based on author Bruce Kusse's course at the Department of Applied and Engineering Physics at Cornell University, Mathematical Physics begins with essentials such as vector and tensor algebra, curvilinear coordinate systems, complex variables, Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms, differential and integral equations, and solutions to Laplace's equations. The book moves on to explain complex topics that often fall through the cracks in undergraduate programs, including the Dirac delta-function, multivalued complex functions using branch cuts, branch points and Riemann sheets, contravariant and covariant tensors, and an introduction to group theory. This expanded second edition contains a new appendix on the calculus of variation a valuable addition to the already superb collection of topics on offer. This is an ideal text for upper-level undergraduates in physics, applied physics, physical chemistry, biophysics, and all areas of engineering. It allows physics professors to prepare students for a wide range of employment in science and engineering and makes an excellent reference for scientists and engineers in industry. Worked out examples appear throughout the book and exercises fo Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 15:15:26 GMTQuantization, Geometry and Noncommutative Structures in Mathematics and Physics (Mathematical Physics Studies)
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This monograph presents various ongoing approaches to the vast topic of quantization, which is the process of forming a quantum mechanical system starting from a classical one, and discusses their numerous fruitful interactions with mathematics.The opening chapter introduces the various forms of quantization and their interactions with each other and with mathematics.A first approach to quantization, called deformation quantization, consists of viewing the Planck constant as a small parameter. This approach provides a deformation of the structure of the algebra of classical observables rather than a radical change in the nature of the observables. When symmetries come into play, deformation quantization needs to be merged with group actions, which is presented in chapter 2, by Simone Gutt.The noncommutativity arising from quantization is the main concern of noncommutative geometry. Allowing for the presence of symmetries requires working with principal fiber bundles in a non-commutative setup, where Hopf algebras appear naturally. This is the topic of chapter 3, by Christian Kassel. Nichols algebras, a special type of Hopf algebras, are the subject of chapter 4, by Nicolas Andruskiewitsch. The purely algebraic approaches given in the previous chapters do not take the geometry of space-time into account. For this purpose a special treatment using a more geometric point of view is required. An approach to field quantization on curved space-time, with applications to cosmology, Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 12:55:21 GMTHigher Mathematics for Physics and Engineering
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Due to the rapid expansion of the frontiers of physics and engineering, the demand for higher-level mathematics is increasing yearly. This book is designed to provide accessible knowledge of higher-level mathematics demanded in contemporary physics and engineering. Rigorous mathematical structures of important subjects in these fields are fully covered, which will be helpful for readers to become acquainted with certain abstract mathematical concepts. The selected topics are: - Real analysis, Complex analysis, Functional analysis, Lebesgue integration theory, Fourier analysis, Laplace analysis, Wavelet analysis, Differential equations, and Tensor analysis. This book is essentially self-contained, and assumes only standard undergraduate preparation such as elementary calculus and linear algebra. It is thus well suited for graduate students in physics and engineering who are interested in theoretical backgrounds of their own fields. Further, it will also be useful for mathematics students who want to understand how certain abstract concepts in mathematics are applied in a practical situation. The readers will not only acquire basic knowledge toward higher-level mathematics, but also imbibe mathematical skills necessary for contemporary studies of their own fields. Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 12:53:59 GMTShallow Geophysical Mass Flows down Arbitrary Topography
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Authors: Luca, Ioana, Tai, Yih-Chin, Kuo, Chih-Yu
Laying a mathematical foundation for the readers to formulate thin flows over non-trivial topography
Stimulating practical examples and event back-calculations to demonstrate the applications of the models
Highly beneficial to engineers and public servants who are involved in hazard mitigation projects
Geophysical mass flows, such as landslides, avalanches or debris flows, are frequent mass movement processes in mountain areas and often cause disastrous damage. This book lays a foundation for formulating the depth-averaged equations describing the shallow geophysical mass flows over non-trivial topography. It consists of the detailed derivation of the model equations. The stimulating numerical examples demonstrate how the proposed models are applied. All this make this book accessible to a wide variety of readers, especially senior undergraduate and graduate students of fluid mechanics, civil engineering, applied mathematics, engineering geology, geophysics or engineers who are responsible for hazard management.
Number of Illustrations and Tables
56 b/w illustrations, 4 illustrations in colour
Topics
Geology
Quantitative Geology
Natural Hazards
Geoengineering, Foundations, Hydraulics Read more... ]]>Tue, 18 Sep 2018 02:34:29 GMTCoherent Optics: Fundamentals and Applications
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Since the advent of the laser, coherent optics has developed at an ever increasing pace. There is no doubt about the reason. Coherent light, with its properties so different from the light we are surrounded by, lends itself to numerous applications in science, technology, and life. The bandwidth of coherent optics reaches from holography and interferometry, with its gravitational wave detectors, to the CD player for music, movies, and computers from the laser scalpel, which allows surgical cutting in the interior of the eye without destruction of the layers penetrated in front of it, to optical information and data processing with its great impact on society. According to its importance, the foundations of coherent optics should be conveyed to students of natural sciences as early as possible to better prepare them for their future careers as physicists or engineers. The present book tries to serve this need: to promote the foundations of coherent optics. Special attention is paid to a thorough presentation of the fundamentals. This should enable the reader to follow the contemporary literature from a firm basis. The wealth of material, of course, makes necessary a restriction of the topics included. Therefore, from the main areas of optics, wave optics and the classical description oflight is given most ofthe space available. The book starts with a quick trip through the history of physics from the viewpoint of optics.
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"The Application of Biofluid Mechanics: Boundary Effects on Phoretic Motions of Colloidal Spheres" focuses on the phoretic motion behavior of various micron- to nanometer-size particles. The content of this book is divided into two parts: one on the concentration gradient-driven diffusiophoresis and osmophoresis, and one on thermocapillary motion and thermophoretic motion driven by temperature gradient. Diffusiophoresis and osmophoresis are mainly used in biomedical engineering applications, such as drug delivery, purification, and the description of the behavior of the immune system thermocapillary motion and thermophoretic motion are applied in the field of semiconductors as well as in suspended impurities removal. The book also provides a variety of computer programming source codes compiled using Fortran for researchers' future applications.
This book is intended for chemical engineers, biomedical engineers and scientists, biophysicists and fundamental chemotaxis researchers. Dr. Po-Yuan Chen is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Biological Science and Technology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 21:02:49 GMTWaveform Analysis of Sound (Mathematics for Industry)
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What is this sound? What does that sound indicate? These are two questions frequently heard in daily conversation. Sound results from the vibrations of elastic media and in daily life provides informative signals of events happening in the surrounding environment. In interpreting auditory sensations, the human ear seems particularly good at extracting the signal signatures from sound waves. Although exploring auditory processing schemes may be beyond our capabilities, source signature analysis is a very attractive area in which signal-processing schemes can be developed using mathematical expressions.This book is inspired by such processing schemes and is oriented to signature analysis of waveforms. Most of the examples in the book are taken from data of sound and vibrations however, the methods and theories are mostly formulated using mathematical expressions rather than by acoustical interpretation. This book might therefore be attractive and informative for scientists, engineers, researchers, and graduate students who are interested in the mathematical representation of signals and the applications of Fourier analysis.The book can be described as being practically self-contained but does assume readers are familiar with introductory topics in discrete signal processing, as in the discrete Fourier transform. Hence this book might be also usable as a textbook in graduate courses in applied mathematics on topics such as complex functions. Almost all scientific phenomena are Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:55:46 GMTTime in Quantum Mechanics (Lecture Notes in Physics) (v. 1)
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The treatment of time in quantum mechanics is still an important and challenging open question in the foundation of the quantum theory.
This multi-authored book, written as an introductory guide for newcomers to the subject, as well as a useful source of information for the expert, covers many of the open questions. The book describes the problems, and the attempts and achievements in defining, formalizing and measuring different time quantities in quantum theory.
Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:31:37 GMTThe Works of Archimedes (Dover Books on Mathematics)
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The complete works of antiquity's great geometer appear here in a highly accessible English translation by a distinguished scholar. Remarkable for his range of thought and his mastery of treatment, Archimedes addressed such topics as the famous problems of the ratio of the areas of a cylinder and an inscribed sphere the measurement of a circle the properties of conoids, spheroids, and spirals and the quadrature of the parabola. This edition offers an informative introduction with many valuable insights into the ancient mathematician's life and thought as well as the views of his contemporaries. Modern mathematicians, physicists, science historians, and logicians will find this volume a source of timeless fascination. Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:02:52 GMTMathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition
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Quantum mechanics was still in its infancy in 1932 when the young John von Neumann, who would go on to become one of the greatest mathematicians of the twentieth century, published Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics–a revolutionary book that for the first time provided a rigorous mathematical framework for the new science. Robert Beyer's 1955 English translation, which von Neumann reviewed and approved, is cited more frequently today than ever before. But its many treasures and insights were too often obscured by the limitations of the way the text and equations were set on the page. In this new edition of this classic work, mathematical physicist Nicholas Wheeler has completely reset the book in TeX, making the text and equations far easier to read. He has also corrected a handful of typographic errors, revised some sentences for clarity and readability, provided an index for the first time, and added prefatory remarks drawn from the writings of Leon Van Hove and Freeman Dyson. The result brings new life to an essential work in theoretical physics and mathematics. Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 12:18:14 GMTNew Trends in Fluid Mechanics Research
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New Trends in Fluid Mechanics Research is the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (ICFM-V) it is the primary forum for the presentation of technological advances and research results in the fields of theoretical, experimental, and computational Fluid Mechanics. Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 04:49:25 GMTBohmian Mechanics: The Physics and Mathematics of Quantum Theory (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
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Bohmian Mechanics was formulated in 1952 by David Bohm as a complete theory of quantum phenomena based on a particle picture. It was promoted some decades later by John S. Bell, who, intrigued by the manifestly nonlocal structure of the theory, was led to his famous Bell's inequalities. Experimental tests of the inequalities verified that nature is indeed nonlocal. Bohmian mechanics has since then prospered as the straightforward completion of quantum mechanics. This book provides a systematic introduction to Bohmian mechanics and to the mathematical abstractions of quantum mechanics, which range from the self-adjointness of the Schrodinger operator to scattering theory. It explains how the quantum formalism emerges when Boltzmann's ideas about statistical mechanics are applied to Bohmian mechanics. The book is self-contained, mathematically rigorous and an ideal starting point for a fundamental approach to quantum mechanics. It will appeal to students and newcomers to the field, as well as to established scientists seeking a clear exposition of the theory. Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 01:43:51 GMTElectrodynamics: A Modern Geometric Approach
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The emphasis in this text is on classical electromagnetic theory and electrodynamics, that is, dynamical solutions to the Lorentz-force and Maxwell's equations. The natural appearance of the Minkowski spacetime metric in the paravector space of Clifford's geometric algebra is used to formulate a covariant treatment in special relativity that seamlessly connects spacetime concepts to the spatial vector treatments common in undergraduate texts. Baylis' geometrical interpretation, using such powerful tools as spinors and projectors, essentially allows a component-free notation and avoids the clutter of indices required in tensorial treatments. The exposition is clear and progresses systematically - from a discussion of electromagnetic units and an explanation of how the SI system can be readily converted to the Gaussian or natural Heaviside-Lorentz systems, to an introduction of geometric algebra and the paravector model of spacetime, and finally, special relativity. Other topics include Maxwell's equation(s), the Lorentz-force law, the Fresnel equations, electromagnetic waves and polarization, wave guides, radiation from accelerating charges and time-dependent currents, the Linard-Wiechert potentials, and radiation reaction, all of which benefit from the modern relativistic approach. Numerous worked examples and exercises dispersed throughout the text help the reader understand new concepts and facilitate self-study of the material. Each chapter concludes with a set of problems Read more... ]]>Mon, 17 Sep 2018 00:28:06 GMTMathematical Methods: For Students of Physics and Related Fields (Lecture Notes in Physics), 2nd Edition
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Intended to follow the usual introductory physics courses, this book has the unique feature of addressing the mathematical needs of sophomores and juniors in physics, engineering and other related fields. Many original, lucid, and relevant examples from the physical sciences, problems at the ends of chapters, and boxes to emphasize important concepts help guide the student through the material. Beginning with reviews of vector algebra and differential and integral calculus, the book continues with infinite series, vector analysis, complex algebra and analysis, ordinary and partial differential equations. Discussions of numerical analysis, nonlinear dynamics and chaos, and the Dirac delta function provide an introduction to modern topics in mathematical physics. This new edition has been made more user-friendly through organization into convenient, shorter chapters. Also, it includes an entirely new section on Probability and plenty of new material on tensors and integral transforms. Read more... ]]>Sun, 16 Sep 2018 21:53:49 GMT