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16043Functional Analysis and Operator Theory for Quantum Physics (EMS Series of Congress Reports)
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This volume is dedicated to Pavel Exner on the occasion of his 70th anniversary. It collects contributions by numerous scientists with expertise in mathematical physics and in particular in problems arising from quantum mechanics. The questions addressed in the contributions cover a large range of topics. A lot of attention was paid to differential operators with zero range interactions, which are often used as models in quantum mechanics. Several authors considered problems related to systems with mixed-dimensions such as quantum waveguides, quantum layers and quantum graphs. Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of Laplace and Schrdinger operators are discussed too, as well as systems with adiabatic time evolution. Although most of the problems treated in the book have a quantum mechanical background, some contributions deal with issues which go well beyond this framework for example the CayleyHamilton theorem, approximation formulae for contraction semigroups or factorization of analytic operator-valued Fredholm functions. As for the mathematical tools involved, the book provides a wide variety of techniques from functional analysis and operator theory.
Altogether the volume presents a collection of research papers which will be of interest to any active scientist working in one of the above mentioned fields.
Keywords: Schrdinger operators, point interactions, metric graphs, quantum waveguides, eigenvalue estimates, operator-valued functions, CayleyHamilton theorem, adiaba Read more... ]]>Sun, 23 Apr 2017 05:04:55 GMTOptics, 11th edition
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An understanding of the fundamental principles of geometrical and physical optics is essential for any student engaged in the study of the visual sciences, but the non-physicist needs a text which clearly explains these notoriously difficult concepts in order to apply them to the practical and clinical aspects of vision. Optics by Freeman and Hull fulfils this requirement admirably. Read more... ]]>Sun, 23 Apr 2017 02:50:35 GMTLaser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications
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Description: Laser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications provides a basic introduction to the subject, written for students and other novices. It assumes little in the way of prior knowledge, and carefully guides the reader through the important theory and concepts whilst introducing key techniques and applications. Read more... ]]>Sun, 23 Apr 2017 02:17:09 GMTThe Basics of Physics (Basics of the Hard Sciences)
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Students will be introduced to the science of physics, and its applications to everyday life, in this volume. Tracing its development from antiquity to the present, the author examines all aspects of physics including motion, work, energy, heat, matter, light, and electricity. Quantum and Nuclear physics are also included. The chapter with instructions for experiments in physics will assist students in projects for science fairs, and the chapter on physics as a career will help students to explore the various options for working in this field of science. A glossary, conversion table, and list of the Nobel Prize Winners in Physics will provide the additional tools necessary for students. Read more... ]]>Sun, 23 Apr 2017 02:07:24 GMTIllustrated Encyclopedia of Applied and Engineering Physics, Three-Volume Set (Force Drawing)
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This resource provides a single, concise reference containing terms and expressions used in the study, practice, and application of physical sciences. The reader will be able to identify quickly critical information about professional jargon, important people, and events. The encyclopedia gives self-contained definitions with essentials regarding the meaning of technical terms and their usage, as well as about important people within various fields of physics and engineering, with highlights of technical and practical aspects related to cross-functional integration. It will be indispensable for anyone working on applications in biomedicine, materials science, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, geology, astronomy, and energy. It also includes handy tables and chronological timelines organized by subject area and giving an overview on the historical development of ideas and discovery. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 20:53:25 GMTColor: An Introduction to Practice and Principles
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Provides a solid foundation to the fundamentals of color science, this new edition contains thorough explanations of key technical concepts concerning light, human vision, and color perception phenomena, provides broad coverage of color order systems, examines color reproduction technologies and techniques, and offers a historical review of the development of color theory and art.
* Provides a concise, non-mathematical introduction to color science and technology, in an easy-to-read, conversational style
* Thoroughly revised from the first edition
* Includes a glossary of important terms
Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 19:23:23 GMTGranular Dynamics, Contact Mechanics and Particle System Simulations: A DEM study (Particle Technology Series)
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This book is devoted to the Discrete Element Method (DEM) technique, a discontinuum modelling approach that takes into account the fact that granular materials are composed of discrete particles which interact with each other at the microscale level. This numerical simulation technique can be used both for dispersed systems in which the particle-particle interactions are collisional and compact systems of particles with multiple enduring contacts.
The book provides an extensive and detailed explanation of the theoretical background of DEM. Contact mechanics theories for elastic, elastic-plastic, adhesive elastic and adhesive elastic-plastic particle-particle interactions are presented. Other contact force models are also discussed, including corrections to some of these models as described in the literature, and important areas of further research are identified.
A key issue in DEM simulations is whether or not a code can reliably simulate the simplest of systems, namely the single particle oblique impact with a wall. This is discussed using the output obtained from the contact force models described earlier, which are compared for elastic and inelastic collisions. In addition, further insight is provided for the impact of adhesive particles. The author then moves on to provide the results of selected DEM applications to agglomerate impacts, fluidised beds and quasi-static deformation, demonstrating that the DEM technique can be used (i) to mimic experiments, (ii) explo Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 18:41:38 GMTOrganic Photovoltaics: Concepts and Realization (Springer Series in Materials Science)
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The present volume describes and explains the fundamentals of organic/plastic solar cells in a manner accessible to both researchers and students. It provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of these materials and corresponding devices, which will play a key role in future solar energy systems. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 18:10:02 GMTSchaum's Outline of Electromagnetics, 4th Edition (Schaum's Outlines)
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Tough Test Questions? Missed Lectures? Not Enough Time? Fortunately, there's Schaum's. This all-in-one-package includes more than 350 fully solved problems, examples, and practice exercises to sharpen your problem-solving skills. Plus, you will have access to 20 detailed videos featuring instructors who explain the most commonly tested problemsit's just like having your own virtual tutor! You'll find everything you need to build confidence, skills, and knowledge for the highest score possible.
More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
This Schaum's Outline gives you
351 fully solved problems
Exercises to help you test your mastery of electromagnetics
Support for all the major textbooks for electromagnetic courses
Fully compatible with your classroom text, Schaum's highlights all the important facts you need to know. Use Schaum's to shorten your study timeand get your best test scores!
Schaum's OutlinesProblem Solved. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 16:12:17 GMTFoundations for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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Do you ever wonder why size is so important at the scale of nanosystems? Do you want to understand the fundamental principles that govern the properties of nanomaterials? Do you want to establish a foundation for working in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology? Then this book is written with you in mind.
Foundations for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology provides some of the physical chemistry needed to understand why properties of small systems differ both from their constituent molecular entities and from the corresponding bulk matter. This is not a book about nanoscience and nanotechnology, but rather an exposition of basic knowledge required to understand these fields. The collection of topics makes it unique, and these topics include:
The concept of quantum confinement and its consequences for electronic behaviour (Part II)
The importance of surface thermodynamics for activity and interactions of nanoscale systems (Part III)
The need to consider fluctuations as well as mean properties in small systems (Part IV)
The interaction of light with matter and specific applications of spectroscopy and microscopy (Part V)
This book is written for senior undergraduates or junior graduate students in science or engineering disciplines who wish to learn about or work in the areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology, but who do not have the requisite background in chemistry or physics. It may also be useful as a refresher or summary text for chemistry and physics students s Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 15:57:38 GMTHybrid Phonons in Nanostructures (Series on Semiconductor Science <![CDATA[&]]> Technology)
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The book provides a technical account of the basic physics of nanostructures, which are the foundation of the hardware found in all manner of computers. It will be of interest to semiconductor physicists and electronic engineers and advanced research students. Crystalline nanostructures have special properties associated with electrons and lattice vibrations and their interaction. The result of spatial confinement of electrons is indicated in the nomenclature of nonostructures: quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots. Confinement also has a profound effect on lattice vibrations. The documentation of the confinement of acoustic modes goes back to Lord Rayleigh's work in the late nineteenth century, but no such documentation exists for optical modes. It is only comparatively recently that any theory of the elastic properties of optical modes exists, and a comprehensive account is given in this book. A model of the lattice dynamics of the diamond lattice is given that reveals the quantitative distinction between acoustic and optical modes and the difference of connection rules that must apply at an interface. The presence of interfaces in nanostructures forces the hybridization of longitudinally and transversely polarized modes, along with, in polar material, electromagnetic modes. Hybrid acoustic and optical modes are described, with an emphasis on polar-optical phonons and their interaction with electrons. Scattering rates in single heterostructures, quantum wells and quant Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 14:38:34 GMTThe Oxford Handbook of Small Superconductors (Oxford Handbooks)
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This handbook is about a remarkable set of materials that are technically referred to as "mesoscopic superconductors", which for all practical purposes are tiny or small in their dimensions, ranging from a few micrometers down to a nanometer. At this level of smallness, the superconducting properties are dramatically changed, showing the dominance of quantum effects. Ground breaking research studies of small superconductors have emerged, and in a world obsessed with miniaturization of electronic device technology, small superconductors acquire even greater relevance and timeliness for the development of exciting novel quantum devices.
The chapters, contributed by noted researchers and frontrunners in the field from 15 countries, are presented in three parts, namely progress in basic studies, materials specific research, and advances in nanodevices. The contents of the handbook should be of immediate interest to advanced level university students and researchers particularly in physics, materials science, nanoscience and engineering departments. Various reviews and overviews appearing in the book should answer the queries and curiosities of non-specialists interested in nanoscale superconductivity. At the start, the book carries an extended introduction for readers new to the field. The book should also appeal to scientists and engineers from electronic industries interested in knowing the current status of the theory, manufacture, and future of mesoscopic superconductors. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 12:45:09 GMTComputational Seismology: A Practical Introduction
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This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev) 3) the linear finite-element method 4) the spectral-element method 5) the finite-volume method and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 12:26:45 GMTQuantum Weirdness
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Quantum mechanics allows a remarkably accurate description of nature and powerful predictive capabilities. The analyses of quantum systems and their interpretation lead to many surprises, for example, the ability to detect the characteristics of an object without ever touching it in any way, via "interaction-free measurement," or the teleportation of an atomic state over large distances. The results can become downright bizarre.
Quantum mechanics is a subtle subject that usually involves complicated mathematics calculus, partial differential equations, etc., for complete understanding. Most texts for general audiences avoid all mathematics. The result is that the reader misses almost all deep understanding of the subject, much of which can be probed with just high-school level algebra and trigonometry. Thus, readers with that level of mathematics can learn so much more about this fundamental science.
The book starts with a discussion of the basic physics of waves (an appendix reviews some necessary classical physics concepts) and then introduces the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, including the wave function, superposition, entanglement, Bell's theorem, etc., and applications to BoseEinstein condensation, quantum computing, and much more. The interpretation of the mathematics of quantum mechanics into a world view has been the subject of much controversy. The result is a variety of conflicting interpretations, from the famous Copenhagen view of Bohr to the multiple Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 11:54:06 GMTParticle Physics in the LHC era (Oxford Master Series in Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology)
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This text gives an introduction to particle physics at a level accessible to advanced undergraduate students. It is based on lectures given to 4th year physics students over a number of years, and reflects the feedback from the students. The aim is to explain the theoretical and experimental basis of the Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics with the simplest mathematical treatment possible. All the experimental discoveries that led to the understanding of the SM relied on particle detectors and most of them required advanced particle accelerators. A unique feature of this book is that it gives a serious introduction to the fundamental accelerator and detector physics, which is currently only available in advanced graduate textbooks. The mathematical tools that are required such as group theory are covered in one chapter. A modern treatment of the Dirac equation is given in which the free particle Dirac equation is seen as being equivalent to the Lorentz transformation. The idea of generating the SM interactions from fundamental gauge symmetries is explained.
The core of the book covers the SM. The tools developed are used to explain its theoretical basis and a clear discussion is given of the critical experimental evidence which underpins it. A thorough account is given of quark flavour and neutrino oscillations based on published experimental results, including some from running experiments. A simple introduction to the Higgs sector of the SM is given. This explains th Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 11:43:49 GMTOrganic Light-Emitting Devices: A Survey
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Although it has long been possible to make organic materials emit light, it has only recently become possible to do so at the level and with the efficiency and control necessary to make the materials a useful basis for illumination in any but the most specialized uses. The early electroluminescent panels and cells provided reasonably bright light, but required high operating voltages, produced only a narrow range of colors, and had severely limited lifetimes. Recent developments, however, make it possible to manufacture organic light-emitting devices that are thin, bright, efficient, and stable and that produce a broad range of colors. This book surveys the current status of the field. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 11:28:14 GMTLectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix
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This work bridges a gap between introductory optics texts and the vanguard of optical science, where light is used as a tool to probe the properties of new materials. A single mathematical tool is introduced that enables readers to understand laser tweezers, laser cooling, optical magnetism, squeezed light, and many other advanced topics.
Abstract: This work bridges a gap between introductory optics texts and the vanguard of optical science, where light is used as a tool to probe the properties of new materials. A single mathematical tool is introduced that enables readers to understand laser tweezers, laser cooling, optical magnetism, squeezed light, and many other advanced topics Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 11:01:00 GMTPhysics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics Pearson New International Edition
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Physics for Scientists and Engineers combines outstanding pedagogy with a clear and direct narrative and applications that draw the reader into the physics. The new edition features an unrivaled suite of media and on-line resources that enhance the understanding of physics. Many new topics have been incorporated such as: the Otto cycle, lens combinations, three-phase alternating current, and many more. New developments and discoveries in physics have been added including the Hubble space telescope, age and inflation of the universe, and distant planets. Modern physics topics are often discussed within the framework of classical physics where appropriate. For scientists and engineers who are interested in learning physics. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 10:28:56 GMTWho Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider, and CERN
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CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward.
Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 10:20:08 GMTDistribution Theory: With Applications in Engineering and Physics
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In this comprehensive monograph, the authors apply modern mathematical methods to the study of mechanical and physical phenomena or techniques in acoustics, optics, and electrostatics, where classical mathematical tools fail.
They present a general method of approaching problems, pointing out different aspects and difficulties that may occur. With respect to the theory of distributions, only the results and the principle theorems are given as well as some mathematical results. The book also systematically deals with a large number of applications to problems of general Newtonian mechanics, as well as to problems pertaining to the mechanics of deformable solids and physics. Special attention is placed upon the introduction of corresponding mathematical models.
Addressed to a wide circle of readers who use mathematical methods in their work: applied mathematicians, engineers in various branches, as well as physicists, while also benefiting students in various fields. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 10:19:33 GMTFusion Plasma Physics
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This revised and enlarged second edition of the popular textbook and reference contains comprehensive treatments of both the established foundations of magnetic fusion plasma physics and of the newly developing areas of active research. It concludes with a look ahead to fusion power reactors of the future. The well-established topics of fusion plasma physics basic plasma phenomena, Coulomb scattering, drifts of charged particles in magnetic and electric fields, plasma confinement by magnetic fields, kinetic and fluid collective plasma theories, plasma equilibria and flux surface geometry, plasma waves and instabilities, classical and neoclassical transport, plasma-materials interactions, radiation, etc. are fully developed from first principles through to the computational models employed in modern plasma physics.
The new and emerging topics of fusion plasma physics research fluctuation-driven plasma transport and gyrokinetic/gyrofluid computational methodology, the physics of the divertor, neutral atom recycling and transport, impurity ion transport, the physics of the plasma edge (diffusive and non-diffusive transport, MARFEs, ELMs, the L-H transition, thermal-radiative instabilities, shear suppression of transport, velocity spin-up), etc. are comprehensively developed and related to the experimental evidence. Operational limits on the performance of future fusion reactors are developed from plasma physics and engineering constraints, and conceptual designs of futu Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 10:12:59 GMTHandbook of Visual Optics, Volume Two: Instrumentation and Vision Correction (Volume 2)
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Handbook of Visual Optics offers an authoritative overview of encyclopedic knowledge in the field of physiological optics. It builds from fundamental concepts to the science and technology of instruments and practical procedures of vision correction, integrating expert knowledge from physics, medicine, biology, psychology, and engineering. The chapters comprehensively cover all aspects of modern study and practice, from optical principles and optics of the eye and retina to novel ophthalmic tools for imaging and visual testing, devices and techniques for visual correction, and the relationship between ocular optics and visual perception. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 06:52:36 GMTAdvances in Magnetic Materials: Processing, Properties, and Performance (Advances in Materials Science and Engineering)
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Advances in Magnetic Materials: Processing, Properties, and Performance discusses recent developments of magnetic materials, including fabrication, characterization and applications in the aerospace, biomedical, and semiconductors industries. With contributions by international professionals who possess broad and varied expertise, this volume encompasses both bulk materials and thin films and coatings for magnetic applications. A timely reference book that describes such things as ferromagnetism, nanomaterials, and Fe, ZnO, and Co-based materials, Advances in Magnetic Materials is an ideal text for students, researchers, and professionals working in materials science.
Describes recent developments of magnetic materials, including fabrication, characterization, and applications
Addresses a variety of industrial applications, such as aerospace, biomedical, and semiconductors
Discusses bulk materials and thin films and coatings
Covers ferromagnetism, nanomaterials, Fe, ZnO, and Co-based materials
Contains the contributions of international professionals with broad and varied expertise
Covers a holistic range of magnetic materials in various aspects of process, properties, and performance Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 06:51:25 GMTFundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering Third Edition
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Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Third Edition, presents the nuclear science concepts needed to understand and quantify the whole range of nuclear phenomena. Noted for its accessible level and approach, the Third Edition of this long-time bestselling textbook provides overviews of nuclear physics, nuclear power, medicine, propulsion, and radiation detection. Its flexible organization allows for use with Nuclear Engineering majors and those in other disciplines. The Third Edition features updated coverage of the newest nuclear reactor designs, fusion reactors, radiation health risks, and expanded discussion of basic reactor physics with added examples. A complete Solutions Manual and figure slides for classroom projection are available for instructors adopting the text. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 06:44:08 GMTLaser Beam Shaping Applications, Second Edition (Optical Science and Engineering)
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This new edition details the important features of beam shaping and exposes the subtleties of the theory and techniques that are best demonstrated through proven applications. New chapters cover illumination light shaping in optical lithography optical micro-manipulation of live mammalian cells through trapping, sorting, and transfection and laser beam shaping through fiber optic beam delivery. The book discusses applications in lithography, laser printing, optical data storage, stable isotope separation, and spatially dispersive lasers. It also provides a history of the field and includes extensive references. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 06:43:34 GMTIntroduction to Experimental Particle Physics
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A concise, balanced overview of the most important topics in experimental particle physics of the past forty years is presented in this comprehensive study. Beginning with a review of particle physics and electromagnetic and nuclear interactions, the book continues with a discussion of three nearly universal aspects of particle physics experiments: beams, targets and fast electrons. The second part of the text details the properties of various types of particle detectors, such as scintillation and Cerenkov counters, proportional and drift chambers, sampling calorimeters, and special detectors. The last chapter demonstrates how the various aspects of the previous chapters can be integrated in an experimental system. There are numerous references to the research literature, in addition to examples and workable problems. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 04:17:15 GMTNon-accelerator Particle Physics, (Studies in High Energy Physics, Cosmology, and Gravitation)
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The past decade has seen the emergence and rapid development of particle physics experiments performed in underground laboratories and other non-accelerator installations. Such work allows profound questions of particle physics beyond the capabilities of modern accelerators to be attacked. At a time when elementary particle physics has reached a stage at which it places extreme requirements on new generations of accelerators, such work increases in importance.
This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to this interdisciplinary field of physics, bringing together research in particle and nuclear physics with astrophysics and cosmology. The first three chapters describe the current Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology, including an account of the limitations of particle accelerators and the need for non-accelerator experiments to tackle many unsolved problems in fundamental physics and astrophysics. Chapters 4-12 discuss in detail major open questions including proton decay, neutron oscillations and electric dipole moment, neutrino mass, double beta decay, neutrino oscillations, magnetic monopoles, dark matter, fractionally charged particles, the fifth force, and time dependence of natural constants. Each chapter gives the theoretical background and discusses experimental techniques currently being used or planned. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 04:16:13 GMTApplied Building Physics: Boundary Conditions, Building Peformance and Material Properties
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The energy crises of the 1970s, persisting moisture problems, complaints about sick buildings, thermal, visual and olfactory discomfort, and the move towards more sustainability in building construction have pushed Building Physics to the forefront of building innovation. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals this second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat–air–moisture material properties are defined. The book incorporates 35 years of teaching Building Physics to architectural, building and civil engineers, bolstered by 40 years of experience, research and consultancy. Read more... ]]>Sat, 22 Apr 2017 00:19:30 GMTCollider Physics within the Standard Model: A Primer
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With this graduate-level primer, the principles of the standard model of particle physics receive a particular skillful, personal and enduring exposition by one of the great contributors to the field.
In 2013 the late Prof. Altarelli wrote: The discovery of the Higgs boson and the non-observation of new particles or exotic phenomena have made a big step towards completing the experimental confirmation of the standard model of fundamental particle interactions. It is thus a good moment for me to collect, update and improve my graduate lecture notes on quantum chromodynamics and the theory of electroweak interactions, with main focus on collider physics. I hope that these lectures can provide an introduction to the subject for the interested reader, assumed to be already familiar with quantum field theory and some basic facts in elementary particle physics as taught in undergraduate courses.
These lecture notes are a beautiful example of Guidos unique pedagogical abilities and scientific vision. From the Foreword by Gian Giudice Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 19:44:41 GMTProbability and Statistics for Particle Physics (UNITEXT for Physics)
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This book comprehensively presents the basic concepts of probability and Bayesian inference with sufficient generality to make them applicable to current problems in scientific research.
The first chapter provides the fundamentals of probability theory that are essential for the analysis of random phenomena. The second chapter includes a full and pragmatic review of the Bayesian methods that constitute a natural and coherent framework with enough freedom to analyze all the information available from experimental data in a conceptually simple manner. The third chapter presents the basic Monte Carlo techniques used in scientific research, allowing a large variety of problems to be handled difficult to tackle by other procedures. The author also introduces a basic algorithm, which enables readers to simulate samples from simple distribution, and describes useful cases for researchers in particle physics.The final chapter is devoted to the basic ideas of Information Theory, which are important in the Bayesian methodology.
This highly readable book is appropriate for graduate-level courses, while at the same time being useful for scientific researches in general and for physicists in particular since most of the examples are from the field of Particle Physics. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 19:42:38 GMTSol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing
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Sol-Gel Science presents the physical and chemical principles of the sol-gel process at a level suitable for graduate students and practitioners in the field. This book defines sol-gel rather broadly as the preparation of ceramic materials by preparation of a sol, gelation of the sol, and removal of the solvent. The sol may be produced from inorganic or organic precursors (e.g., nitrates or alkoxides) and may consist of dense oxide particles of polymeric clusters. Brinker expands the definition of ceramics to include organically modified materials, often called ORMOSILs or CERAMERs. The emphasis of the author' treatment is on the science, rather than the technology, of sol-gel processing. Although a chapter on applications is included, more detailed discussion is available in proceedings of conferences and in the recent collection of articles, Sol-Gel Technology for thin films, Fibers, Preforms, Electronics, and Specialty Shapes (Noyes, Park Ridge, N.J., 1988), edited by professor Lisa Klein. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 18:51:36 GMTTechnische Mechanik 2: Elastostatik (German Edition) [German]
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Der Band Elastostatik ist der zweite Teil des vierbndigen Lehrbuchs er erscheint nun in der 13. Auflage. Ziel des didaktisch ausgefeilten Werkes ist es, das Verstndnis der wesentlichen Grundgesetze der Mechanik zu vermitteln und die Fhigkeit zu entwickeln, mit Hilfe der Mechanik Ingenieurprobleme zu formulieren und selbstndig zu lsen. Es wurde ein mglichst einfacher Zugang zur Mechanik gewhlt. Der dargestellte Stoff orientiert sich am Umfang der Mechanikkurse an deutschsprachigen Hochschulen und ist fr alle Bachelor-, Master- und Diplomstudiengnge hervorragend geeignet.
Das Buch enthlt zahlreiche durchgerechnete Beispiele. Als Extras werden im Internet Applets zu Beispielen des Buches angeboten.
Band 1 behandelt die Statik, Band 3 die Kinetik und Band 4 die Hydromechanik, Elemente der Hheren Mechanik und die Numerischen Methoden geeignet fr Ingenieurstudenten aller Fachrichtungen an Universitten und Hochschulen.
Auf Grund des groen Erfolges ist die Lehrbuchreihe mittlerweile auch in englischer Sprache als dreibndiges Werk "Engineering Mechanics" erschienen.
Die Zielgruppen
Das Buch wendet sich an Ingenieurstudenten aller Fachrichtungen an Universitten und Hochschulen. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 08:11:31 GMTFormeln und Aufgaben zur Technischen Mechanik 2: Elastostatik, Hydrostatik (German Edition) [German]
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Der Weg zum erfolgreichen Studium der Technischen Mechanik fhrt ber das selbstndige Lsen von Aufgaben. Die Aufgabensammlung zum Marktfhrer Technische Mechanik 2 - Elastostatik" wurde in der Neuauflage berarbeitet und korrigiert. Alle Bilder sind in Anlehnung an das Standardwerk Technische Mechanik 2 - Elastostatik jetzt durchgehend vierfarbig gestaltet. Die aktuelle Auflage enthlt die wichtigsten Formeln und jetzt mehr als 150 didaktisch gut aufbereitete, vollstndig gelste Aufgaben. Besonderer Wert wird auf das Finden des Lsungsweges und das Erstellen der Grundgleichungen gelegt.
Der Inhalt
Spannung, Verzerrung, Elastizittsgesetz.- Zug und Druck.- Biegung.- Torsion.- Der Arbeitsbegriff in der Elastostatik.- Stabilitt.- Hydrostatik.- Literaturhinweise.- Bezeichnungen. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 08:11:01 GMTAufgaben zu Technische Mechanik 13: Statik, Elastostatik, Kinetik (German Edition) [German]
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Das Aufgabenbuch zu den Lehrbchern der Technischen Mechanik 1-3.
Es ist als studienbegleitendes bungsbuch konzipiert. Sein Inhalt orientiert sich am Stoff der Vorlesungen zur Technischen Mechanik an deutschsprachigen Hochschulen. Behandelt werden die Themen Statik, Elastostatik und Kinetik.
Die Autoren prsentieren Aufgaben zur prinzipiellen Anwendung der Grundgleichungen der Mechanik. Daher liegt der Schwerpunkt bei den Zusammenhngen zwischen den Ergebnissen und physikalischen Parametern, weniger bei Zahlenrechnungen. Als Hilfe werden die Lsungswege stichwortartig bis zur Angabe der Resultate erlutert.
Fr die 9. Auflage wurde die Formelsammlung berarbeitet und in den Text einige Verbesserungen eingebracht. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 08:10:27 GMTDesign for Thermal Stresses
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The tools engineers need for effective thermal stress design
Thermal stress concerns arise in many engineering situations, from aerospace structures to nuclear fuel rods to concrete highway slabs on a hot summer day. Having the tools to understand and alleviate these potential stresses is key for engineers in effectively executing a wide range of modern design tasks.
Design for Thermal Stresses provides an accessible and balanced resource geared towards real-world applications. Presenting both the analysis and synthesis needed for accurate design, the book emphasizes key principles, techniques, and approaches for solving thermal stress problems. Moving from basic to advanced topics, chapters cover:
Bars, beams, and trusses from a "strength of materials" perspective
Plates, shells, and thick-walled vessels from a "theory of elasticity" perspective
Thermal buckling in columns, beams, plates, and shells
Written for students and working engineers, this book features numerous sample problems demonstrating concepts at work. In addition, appendices include important SI units, relevant material properties, and mathematical functions such as Bessel and Kelvin functions, as well as characteristics of matrices and determinants required for designing plates and shells. Suitable as either a working reference or an upper-level academic text, Design for Thermal Stresses gives students and professional engineers the information they need to meet today's thermal stress design chal Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 06:25:00 GMTIntroduction to Electrodynamics (4th Edition)
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For junior/senior-level electricity and magnetism courses. This book is known for its clear, concise, and accessible coverage of standard topics in a logical and pedagogically sound order.
The highly polished Fourth Edition features a clear, accessible treatment of the fundamentals of electromagnetic theory, providing a sound platform for the exploration of related applications (ac circuits, antennas, transmission lines, plasmas, optics, etc.). Its lean and focused approach employs numerous new examples and problems. Read more... ]]>Fri, 21 Apr 2017 05:57:36 GMTField Theoretical Tools for Polymer and Particle Physics (Lecture Notes in Physics)
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The book is written for advanced graduate students. The topics have been selected to present methods and models that have applications in both particle physics and polymer physics. The lectures may serve as a guide through more recent research activities and illustrate the applicability of joint methods in different contexts. The book deals with analytic tools (e.g. random walk models, polymer expansion), numerical tools (e.g. Langevin dynamics), and common models (the three-dimensional Gross-Neveu-Model).
Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 16:12:15 GMTHigh Temperature Superconductor Bulk Materials: Fundamentals, Processing, Properties Control, Application Aspects
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With its comprehensive review of the current knowledge and the future requirements in the field, this book presents all the features of bulk high temperature superconducting materials. Starting from physical and chemical fundamentals, the authors move on to portray methods and problems of materials processing, thoroughly working out the characteristic properties of bulk superconductors in contrast to long conductors and films. They provide a wide range of specific materials characteristics with respect to the latest developments and future applications guiding from fundamentals to practical engineering examples.
The authors are all leading international specialists involved in the field of high TC superconductor bulk materials since the beginning. Of utmost t to engineers, scientists, and PhD students working in this field.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 15:16:59 GMTModulational Interactions in Plasmas (Astrophysics and Space Science Library)
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Modulational Interactions in Plasmas is the first book to present all the basic considerations relevant to the topic. It adopts a simple and universal approach, based on new methods developed for the description of modulation interactions in arbitrary media. Emphasis is given to the role of modulational interactions in fundamental topics, such as laser acceleration, the generation of strong magnetic fields, r.f. plasma heating and current drive, physical phenomena in active geophysical and space experiments, interactions of r.f. radiation with the ionosphere, etc. The methods employed can also be applied to other areas of physics.
Audience: Researchers in plasma and laser physics, and nonlinear optics.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 15:14:18 GMTTurbulent Flow: Analysis, Measurement and Prediction
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Provides unique coverage of the prediction and experimentation necessary for making predictions.
- Covers computational fluid dynamics and its relationship to direct numerical simulation used throughout the industry.
- Covers vortex methods developed to calculate and evaluate turbulent flows.
- Includes chapters on the state-of-the-art applications of research such as control of turbulence.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 15:02:55 GMTSynergetic Phenomena in Active Lattices
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In this book, the authors deal with basic concepts and models, with methodologies for studying the existence and stability of motions, understanding the mechanisms of formation of patterns and waves, their propagation and interactions in active lattice systems, and about how much cooperation or competition between order and chaos is crucial for synergetic behavior and evolution.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 14:58:21 GMTMagnetofluiddynamics in Channels and Containers
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The book deals with the theme of incompressible flows of electrically conducting fluids in hydraulic components. The main content of the book is a result of engineering research associated with the design of liquid metal cooling systems for fusion reactors. The book is well suited to serve as a guide for utilising magnetohydrodynamic means in other engineering disciplines such as in material processing, metallurgical engineering and power engineering.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 14:57:08 GMTMathematical Aspects of Natural Dynamos (The Fluid Mechanics of Astrophysics and Geophysics)
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Although the origin of Earth's and other celestial bodies' magnetic fields remains unknown, we do know that the motion of electrically conducting fluids generates and maintains these fields, forming the basis of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and, to a larger extent, dynamo theory. Answering the need for a comprehensive, interdisciplinary introduction to this area, Mathematical Aspects of Natural Dynamos provides a foundation in dynamo theory before moving on to modeling aspects of natural dynamos.
Bringing together eminent international contributors, the book first introduces governing equations, outlines the kinematic dynamo theory, covers nonlinear effects, including amplitude saturation and polarity reversals, and discusses fluid dynamics. After establishing this base, the book describes the Earth's magnetic field and the current understanding of its characteristics. Subsequent chapters examine other planets in our solar system and the magnetic field of stars, including the sun. The book also addresses dynamo action on the large scale of galaxies, presents modeling experiments of natural dynamos, and speculates about future research directions.
After reading this well-illustrated, thorough, and unified exploration, you will be well prepared to embark on your own journey through this fascinating area of research.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 14:24:16 GMTWhistler-mode Waves in a Hot Plasma (Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series)
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The book provides an extensive theoretical treatment of whistler-mode propagation, instabilities and damping in a collisionless plasma. This book fills a gap between oversimplified analytical studies of these waves, based on the cold plasma approximation, and studies based on numerical methods. Although the book is primarily addressed to space plasma physicists and radio physicists, it will also prove useful to laboratory plasma physicists. Mathematical methods described in the book can be applied in a straightforward way to the analysis of other types of plasma waves. Problems included in this book, along with their solutions, allow it to be used as a textbook for postgraduate students.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 13:37:00 GMTVariational Problems in Materials Science (Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications)
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This volume contains the proceedings of the international workshop Variational Problems in Materials Science. Coverage includes the study of BV vector fields, path functionals over Wasserstein spaces, variational approaches to quasi-static evolution, free-discontinuity problems with applications to fracture and plasticity, systems with hysteresis or with interfacial energies, evolution of interfaces, multi-scale analysis in ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity, and much more.
My Link Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 13:34:24 GMTLeitfaden fur Laserschutzbeauftragte: Ausbildung und Praxis (German Edition) [German]
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Das vorliegende Buch dient knftigen und bereits praktizierenden Laserschutzbeauftragten als kompaktes Nachschlagewerk und bietet Hilfestellung bei praktischen sowie theoretischen Fragen im Umgang mit Lasern in allen Anwendungsbereichen. Durch konkrete bungsaufgaben und Testfragen mit Lsungen in jedem Kapitel eignet es sich als begleitendes Lehrbuch fr die Aus- und Weiterbildung von Laserschutzbeauftragten bzw. als Ergnzung zu den entsprechenden Kursen.
Das Werk basiert dabei auf den Anforderungen der Arbeitsschutzverordnung OStrV und deren, sie konkretisierenden, Technischen Regeln Optische Strahlung (TROS-Laserstrahlung). Gleichzeitig bildet es die Inhalte der Kurse zur Ausbildung von Laserschutzbeauftragten an der Akademie fr Lasersicherheit Berlin und der Berufsgenossenschaft BG ETEM ab. Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 12:55:55 GMTFrustrated Spin Systems
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Frustrated spin systems have been first investigated five decades ago. Well-known examples include the Ising model on the antiferromagnetic triangular lattice studied by G H Wannier in 1950 and the Heisenberg helical structure discovered independently by A Yoshimori, J Villain and T A Kaplan in 1959. However, many properties of frustrated systems are still not well understood at present. Recent studies reveal that established theories, numerical simulations as well as experimental techniques have encountered many difficulties in dealing with frustrated systems. This volume highlights the latest theoretical, numerical and experimental developments in the field. The book is intended for post-graduate students as well as researchers in statistical physics, magnetism, materials science and various domains where real systems can be described with the spin language. Explicit demonstrations of formulae and full arguments leading to important results are given. Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 11:22:41 GMTTopological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014
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This book contains lecture notes by world experts on one of the most rapidly growing fields of research in physics. Topological quantum phenomena are being uncovered at unprecedented rates in novel material systems. The consequences are far reaching, from the possibility of carrying currents and performing computations without dissipation of energy, to the possibility of realizing platforms for topological quantum computation.The pedagogical lectures contained in this book are an excellent introduction to this blooming field. The lecture notes are intended for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students in physics and mathematics who want to immerse in this exciting XXI century physics topic.
This Les Houches Summer School presents an overview of this field, along with a sense of its origins and its placement on the map of fundamental physics advancements. The School comprised a set of basic lectures (part 1) aimed at a pedagogical introduction of the fundamental concepts, which was accompanied by more advanced lectures (part 2) covering individual topics at the forefront of today's research in condensed-matter physics. Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 07:42:15 GMTHow to Solve Physics Problems (Test Prep)
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Learn how to solve physics problems the right way
How to Solve Physics Problems will prepare you for physics exams by focusing on problem-solving. You will learn to solve physics problems naturally and systematicallyand in a way that will stick with you. Not only will it help you with your homework, it will give you a clear idea of what you can expect to encounter on exams.
400 physics problems thoroughly illustrated and explained
Math review for the right start
New chapters on quantum physics atoms, molecules, and solids and nuclear physics Read more... ]]>Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:45:00 GMTIntroduction to Classical and Quantum Field Theory
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This is the first introductory textbook on quantum field theory to be written from the point of view of condensed matter physics. As such, it presents the basic concepts and techniques of statistical field theory, clearly explaining how and why they are integrated into modern (and classical) field theory, and includes the latest developments.
Written by an expert in the field, with a broad experience in teaching and training, it manages to present such substantial topics as phases and phase transitions or solitons and instantons in an accessible and concise way.
Divided into two parts, the first covers fundamental physics and the mathematics background needed by students in order to enter the field, while the second part discusses applications of quantum field theory to a few basic problems. The emphasis here lies on how modern concepts of quantum field theory are embedded in these approaches, and also on the limitations of standard quantum field theory techniques in facing 'real' physics problems.
Throughout, there are numerous end-of-chapter problems, and a free solutions manual is available for lecturers. Read more... ]]>Wed, 19 Apr 2017 23:47:53 GMT