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16043Introduction to Electrodynamics, 3rd Edition
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For junior/senior-level electricity and magnetism courses. This book is known for its clear, concise and accessible coverage of standard topics in a logical and pedagogically sound order. The Third Edition features a clear, accessible treatment of the fundamentals of electromagnetic theory, providing a sound platform for the exploration of related applications (ac circuits, antennas, transmission lines, plasmas, optics, etc.). Its lean and focused approach employs numerous examples and problems. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 07:10:14 GMTThe Light Fantastic A Modern Introduction to Classical and Quantum Optics
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This book presents a thorough and self-contained introduction to modern optics, covering in full the three components--ray optics, wave optics, and quantum optics. The text covers all that would be needed over a comprehensive course in optics at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. Digital cameras, LCD screens, aircraft laser gyroscopes, and the optical fibre-based internet illustrate the penetration of optics in twenty-first century life: these and many more modern applications are presented from first principles. The self-contained material allows the selection of specific themes grouped in the following way: Paraxial ray optics with matrix methods and aberrations - Interference, coherence and interferometers - Diffraction, spectrometers and Gaussian beams - Fourier optics, holography and information processing - Maxwell's theory scattering, absorption and dispersion in bulk materials interface behaviour - Quantum phenomena, wave-particle duality, uncertainty principle Schroedinger analysis of spectra, photon properties - Laser principles, He:Ne to MQW lasers, applications - Detectors: photodiodes, photomultipliers, image intensifiers response, noise and linearlty CCDs - Fibre optics, from monomode fibre analysis to dense wavelength division multiplexing fibre sensors - Photon-atom interactions, optical pumping, cooling and clocks - Second quantization, photon correlations, SPDC, entanglement, tests of quantum mechanics. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 07:08:32 GMTIntroduction to Special Relativity
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This book gives an excellent introduction to the theory of special relativity. Professor Resnick presents a fundamental and unified development of the subject with unusually clear discussions of the aspects that usually trouble beginners. He includes, for example, a section on the common sense of relativity. His presentation is lively and interspersed with historical, philosophical and special topics (such as the twin paradox) that will arouse and hold the reader's interest. You'll find many unique features that help you grasp the material, such as worked-out examples,summary tables,thought questions and a wealth of excellent problems. The emphasis throughout the book is physical. The experimental background, experimental confirmation of predictions, and the physical interpretation of principles are stressed. The book treats relativistic kinematics, relativistic dynamics, and relativity and electromagnetism and contains special appendices on the geometric representation of space-time and on general relativity. Its organization permits an instructor to vary the length and depth of his treatment and to use the book either with or following classical physics. These features make it an ideal companion for introductory courses. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 05:03:23 GMTAn Interpretive Introduction to Quantum Field Theory
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Quantum mechanics is a subject that has captured the imagination of a surprisingly broad range of thinkers, including many philosophers of science. Quantum field theory, however, is a subject that has been discussed mostly by physicists. This is the first book to present quantum field theory in a manner that makes it accessible to philosophers. Because it presents a lucid view of the theory and debates that surround the theory, An Interpretive Introduction to Quantum Field Theory will interest students of physics as well as students of philosophy. Paul Teller presents the basic ideas of quantum field theory in a way that is understandable to readers who are familiar with non-relativistic quantum mechanics. He provides information about the physics of the theory without calculational detail, and he enlightens readers on how to think about the theory physically. Along the way, he dismantles some popular myths and clarifies the novel ways in which quantum field theory is both a theory about fields and about particles. His goal is to raise questions about the philosophical implications of the theory and to offer some tentative interpretive views of his own. This provocative and thoughtful book challenges philosophers to extend their thinking beyond the realm of quantum mechanics and it challenges physicists to consider the philosophical issues that their explorations have encouraged. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 04:43:08 GMTAn Introduction to Complex Systems Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
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This undergraduate text explores a variety of large-scale phenomena - global warming, ice ages, water, poverty - and uses these case studies as a motivation to explore nonlinear dynamics, power-law statistics, and complex systems. Although the detailed mathematical descriptions of these topics can be challenging, the consequences of a system being nonlinear, power-law, or complex are in fact quite accessible. This book blends a tutorial approach to the mathematical aspects of complex systems together with a complementary narrative on the global/ecological/societal implications of such systems.Nearly all engineering undergraduate courses focus on mathematics and systems which are small scale, linear, and Gaussian. Unfortunately there is not a single large-scale ecological or social phenomenon that is scalar, linear, and Gaussian. This book offers students insights to better understand the large-scale problems facing the world and to realize that these cannot be solved by a single, narrow academic field or perspective. Instead, the book seeks to emphasize understanding, concepts, and ideas, in a way that is mathematically rigorous, so that the concepts do not feel vague, but not so technical that the mathematics get in the way. The book is intended for undergraduate students in a technical domain such as engineering, computer science, physics, mathematics, and environmental studies. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 04:24:55 GMTThe Pearson Guide To Physics For The Aieee
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A Crash Course in AIEEE Physics focuses on the latest format, structure and syllabus of the All-India Engineering Entrance Examination. The whole syllabus is divided into an easy-to-grasp 25-day module, followed by four comprehensive weekly tests to assess understanding and accuracy. Cumulative tests have also been provided for the end of every week to further improve confidence and speed. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 04:24:06 GMTIntroduction to Thermoelectricity (Springer Series in Materials Science), 2nd Edition
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This second edition is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of thermoelectric energy conversion. It covers both theory and practice. The book is timely as it refers to the many improvements that have come about in the last few years through the use of nanostructures. The concept of semiconductor thermoelements led to major advances during the second half of the twentieth century, making Peltier refrigeration a widely used technique. The latest materials herald thermoelectric generation as the preferred technique for exploiting low-grade heat. The book shows how progress has been made by increasing the thermal resistivity of the lattice until it is almost as large as it is for glass. It points the way towards the attainment of similar improvements in the electronic parameters. It does not neglect practical considerations, such as the desirability of making thermocouples from inexpensive and environmentally acceptable materials. The second edition was extended to also include recent advances in thermoelectric energy conversion, particularly the production of bulk nanostructures, new materials with higher thermoelectric figures to use the possibility of large scale thermoelectric generation, as part of the worldwide strategy for making better use of energy resources. This book guides the newcomer towards the state of the art and shows the principles for further advancement to those who are already familiar with the subject. The author has been able to draw on his long exp Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 03:54:12 GMTSolitons
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This book provides an up-to-date overview of mathematical theories and research results on solitons, presenting related mathematical methods and applications as well as numerical experiments. Different types of soliton equations are covered along with their dynamical behaviors and applications from physics, making the book an essential reference for researchers and graduate students in applied mathematics and physicsby Boling / Pang, Xiao-Feng / Wang, Yu-Feng / Liu, Nan Guo (Author)
This book provides an up-to-date overview of mathematical theories and research results on solitons, presenting related mathematical methods and applications as well as numerical experiments. Different types of soliton equations are covered along with their dynamical behaviors and applications from physics, making the book an essential reference for researchers and graduate students in applied mathematics and physics
Review
Die Antworten zu den Verstndnisfragen sind klar und gut erlutert, so dass eine vernnftige Lernkontrolle gewhrleistet wird. Auerdem ist das Lehrbuch didaktisch gut aufgearbeitet, weil nach einer erfolgreichen Verstndnisabfrage Rechenbungen mit dazugehrigen Lsungen in zwei darauffolgenden Kapiteln angeboten werden. Dennis Neffgenfr RWTH Aachen Fachschaft Chemie (2010)
About the Author
B. Guo, Y. Wang and N. Liu, Inst. of Appl. Phys. and Comp. Math., China X. Pan, Univ. of Electr. Sci. and Tech., China. Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 01:08:35 GMTOptimum Accelerated Life Testing Models with Time-Varying Stresses in Reliability
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Today's manufacturers are under tremendous pressure to develop new technological and high reliability products in record time. This has motivated reliability engineers to evaluate the reliabilities of such products. Reliability testing under accelerated environment accelerated life testing helps to meet this challenge.This comprehensive and must-have edition provides a broad coverage of the optimal design of Accelerated Life Test Plans under time-varying stress loadings. It also focuses on the formulation of Accelerated Life Test Sampling Plans (ALTSPs) which integrate accelerated life tests with quality control technique of acceptance sampling plans. These plans help to determine optimal experimental variables such as appropriate stress levels, optimal allocation at each stress levels, stress change points, etc, depending on the stress loading scheme. ALTSPs determine optimal plans such that the producers' and consumers' risks are safeguardedby Preeti Wanti Srivastava (Author)
Today's manufacturers are under tremendous pressure to develop new technological and high reliability products in record time. This has motivated reliability engineers to evaluate the reliabilities of such products. Reliability testing under accelerated environment accelerated life testing helps to meet this challenge.This comprehensive and must-have edition provides a broad coverage of the optimal design of Accelerated Life Test Plans under time-varying stress loadings. It also focuses on the formu Read more... ]]>Mon, 18 Jun 2018 01:00:29 GMTX-Ray Diffraction Imaging of Biological Cells (Springer Series in Optical Sciences)
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In this book, the author describes the development of the experimental diffraction setup and structural analysis of non-crystalline particles from material science and biology. Recent advances in X-ray free electron laser (XFEL)-coherent X-ray diffraction imaging (CXDI) experiments allow for the structural analysis of non-crystalline particles to a resolution of 7 nm, and to a resolution of 20 nm for biological materials. Now XFEL-CXDI marks the dawn of a new era in structural analys of non-crystalline particles with dimensions larger than 100 nm, which was quite impossible in the 20th century.
To conduct CXDI experiments in both synchrotron and XFEL facilities, the author has developed apparatuses, named KOTOBUKI-1 and TAKASAGO-6 for cryogenic diffraction experiments on frozen-hydrated non-crystalline particles at around 66 K. At the synchrotron facility, cryogenic diffraction experiments dramatically reduce radiation damage of specimen particles and allow tomography CXDI experiments. In addition, in XFEL experiments, non-crystalline particles scattered on thin support membranes and flash-cooled can be used to efficiently increase the rate of XFEL pulses. The rate, which depends on the number density of scattered particles and the size of X-ray beams, is currently 20-90%, probably the world record in XFEL-CXDI experiments. The experiment setups and results are introduced in this book. The author has also developed software suitable for efficiently processing of diffr Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 23:42:32 GMTKinetic Theory of Gases and Plasmas (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
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Kinetic theory is the link between the non equilibrium statistical mechanics of many particle systems and macroscopic or phenomenological physics. Therefore much attention is paid in this book both to the derivation of kinetic equations with their limitations and generalizations on the one hand, and to the use of kinetic theory for the description of physical phenomena and the calculation of transport coefficients on the other hand. The book is meant for researchers in the field, graduate students and advanced undergraduate students. At the end of each chapter a section of exercises is added not only for the purpose of providing the reader with the opportunity to test his understanding of the theory and his ability to apply it, but also to complete the chapter with relevant additions and examples that otherwise would have overburdened the main text of the preceding sections. The author is indebted to the physicists who taught him Statistical Mechanics, Kinetic Theory, Plasma Physics and Fluid Mechanics. I gratefully acknowledge the fact that much of the inspiration without which this book would not have been possible, originated from what I learned from several outstanding teachers. In particular I want to mention the late Prof. dr. H. C. Brinkman, who directed my first steps in the field of theoretical plasma physics, my thesis advisor Prof. dr. N. G. Van Kampen and Prof. dr. A. N. Kaufman, whose course on Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics in Berkeley I remember with del Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 22:13:58 GMTKinetic Theory of Gases in Shear Flows: Nonlinear Transport (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
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The kinetic theory of gases as we know it dates to the paper of Boltzmann in 1872. The justification and context of this equation has been clarified over the past half century to the extent that it comprises one of the most complete examples of many-body analyses exhibiting the contraction from a microscopic to a mesoscopic description. The primary result is that the Boltzmann equation applies to dilute gases with short ranged interatomic forces, on space and time scales large compared to the corresponding atomic scales. Otherwise, there is no a priori limitation on the state of the system. This means it should be applicable even to systems driven very far from its eqUilibrium state. However, in spite of the physical simplicity of the Boltzmann equation, its mathematical complexity has masked its content except for states near eqUilibrium. While the latter are very important and the Boltzmann equation has been a resounding success in this case, the full potential of the Boltzmann equation to describe more general nonequilibrium states remains unfulfilled. An important exception was a study by Ikenberry and Truesdell in 1956 for a gas of Maxwell molecules undergoing shear flow. They provided a formally exact solution to the moment hierarchy that is valid for arbitrarily large shear rates. It was the first example of a fundamental description of rheology far from eqUilibrium, albeit for an unrealistic system. With rare exceptions, significant progress on nonequilibrium states w Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 22:11:28 GMTKinetic Theory of Granular Gases (Oxford Graduate Texts)
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Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics - a theory which has mainly evolved over the last decade. The book is aimed at readers from the advanced undergraduate level upwards and leads on to the present state of research. Throughout, special emphasis is put on a microscopically consistent description of pairwise particle collisions which leads to an impact-velocity-dependent coefficient of restitution. The description of the many-particle system, based on the Boltzmann equation, starts with the derivation of the velocity distribution function, followed by the investigation of self-diffusion and Brownian motion. Using hydrodynamical methods, transport processes and self-organized structure formation are studied.
An appendix gives a brief introduction to event-driven molecular dynamics. A second appendix describes a novel mathematical technique for derivation of kinetic properties, which allows for the application of computer algebra. The text is self-contained, requiring no mathematical or physical knowledge beyond that of standard physics undergraduate level. The material is adequate for a one-semester course and contains chapter summaries as well as exercises with detailed solutions. The molecular dynamics and computer-algebra programs can be downloaded from a companion web page. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 22:09:34 GMTKinetic Theory: Chapman-Enskog Solution of the Transport Equation for Moderately Dense Gases v. 3 (Monographs in Natural Philosophy)
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Series: Monographs in Natural Philosophy
Hardcover: 284 pages
Publisher: Pergamon Press (June 1972)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0080167144
ISBN-13: 978-0080167145 Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 22:07:33 GMTKinetic Theory of Nonideal Gases and Nonideal Plasmas (Monographs in Natural Philosophy) (English and Russian Edition)
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Series: Monographs in Natural Philosophy (Book 105)
Hardcover: 328 pages
Publisher: Pergamon Press 1st edition (August 1982)
Language: English, Russian
ISBN-10: 0080216714
ISBN-13: 978-0080216713 Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 22:03:06 GMTKinetic Theory: The Nature of Gases and of Heat (Volume 1)
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Kinetic Theory, Volume I: The Nature of Gases and of Heat covers the developments in area of kinetic theory, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 11 chapters.
The book starts with an overview of the history of atomism, the caloric theory, the conservation of energy, the virial theorem, and atomic magnitudes. The second part deals first with the delineation of observed phenomena of motions through the repulsion theory. This part also considers other forces of nature, including fire and heat, with emphasis on the nature of motion of these forces and their conservation.
This book is intended for physicists, and physics teachers and students.
Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 21:56:42 GMTLectures on Physics: Thermodynamics and the Kinetic Theory of Gases v. 3 (Pauli lectures on physics)
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Relevant text examines basic concepts and the First Law, the Second Law, equilibria, NerstвЂ™s Heat Theorem, and the kinetic theory of gases. As does each book in this series, Vol. 3 includes an index and a wealth of helpful figures. It can also be read independently by those who wish to focus on a particular topic. Alone or as part of the complete set, the work is a peerless resource that will be invaluable to individuals as well as to libraries and other institutions. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 21:54:59 GMTThe kind of motion we call heat: A history of the kinetic theory of gases in the 19th century (Studies in statistical mechanics)
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Series: Studies in statistical mechanics
Hardcover
Publisher: sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, American Elsevier (1976)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0444110119
ISBN-13: 978-0444110114 Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 21:53:21 GMTThe Kind of Motion We Call Heat: A History of the Kinetic Theory of Gases in the Nineteenth Century, Book 1: Physics and the Atomists
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Comprising two volumes this work provides a particularly comprehensive account of the development of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics up to the beginning of the 20th century. The author's historical researches go far beyond any other books on the subject, filling in many more details and putting the history of kinetic theory in the context of 19th century scientific and intellectual history. In the course of detailed examination of the sources, both published and unpublished, the author throws much new light on the dynamics of scientific change, and refutes some generally accepted ideas about historical events. In one section of the work, he demonstrates the use of a kind of historical document which has rarely, if ever, been exploited by historians of science, namely, referees' reports. The work is primarily directed towards physicists, but as it is not only concerned with technical aspects of the history of physics but also deals with cultural and philosophical connections, it will also appeal to historians of science and philosophers. Book 2 is completed by an unusually comprehensive bibliography Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 21:37:27 GMTIn Memory of Akira Tonomura : Physicist and Electron Microscopist (With DVD-ROM)
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This memorial volume in honor of Dr Akira Tonomura is to commemorate his enormous contributions to fundamental physics in addition to the basic technology of electron microscopy. Dr Tonomura passed away on May 2, 2012 at the age of 70. He was Fellow of Hitachi, Ltd., Group Director of Single Quantum Dynamics Research Group of RIKEN, Principal Investigator of the FIRST Tonomura Project, and Professor of Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University.
The book consists of: 1) contributions from distinguished physicists, who participated in the "Tonomura FIRST International Symposium on Electron Microscopy and Gauge Fields" planned by Tonomura himself and held in Tokyo on May 9-10, 2012, and 2) reprints of key papers by Tonomura and his team. Invited speakers at this Symposium include Chen Ning Yang and other distinguished physicists such as Yakir Aharonov, Gordon Baym, Christian Colliex, Anthony J Leggett, Naoto Nagaosa, Nobuyuki Osakabe and Masahito Ueda. This "memorial" Symposium was originally planned to commemorate the start of the Japanese-government-sponsored FIRST Tonomura Project to construct the 1.2 MV holography electron microscope capable of observing quantum phenomena in the microscopic world. In addition, the book includes contributions from participants of the past ISQM-Tokyo symposia held at Hitachi and from Tonomura's longtime friends, including Michael Berry, Jerome Friedman, Hidetoshi Fukuyama, Joseph Imry, Yoshinori Tokura, Jaw-Shen Tsai Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 20:29:36 GMTThe Geometry of Physics: An Introduction
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This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles, and Chern forms that are helpful for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. It is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study.
A main addition introduced in this Third Edition is the inclusion of an Overview, which can be read before starting the text. This appears at the beginning of the text, before Chapter 1. Many of the geometric concepts developed in the text are previewed here and these are illustrated by their applications to a single extended problem in engineering, namely the study of the Cauchy stresses created by a small twist of an elastic cylindrical rod about its axisThis book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles, and Chern forms that are helpful for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. It is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study.
A main addition introduced in this Third Edition is the inclusion of an Overview, which can be read before starting the text. This appears at the beginning of the text, before Chapter 1 Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 20:23:57 GMTHandbook of Vacuum Physics: Technology, Part 4 (Volume 3)
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Table of contents :
Content:
Front Matter, Page iii
Copyright, Page iv
PREFACE, Pages vii-viii
INTRODUCTION TO PROPERTIES OF MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS: (MICA, OILS, GREASES, WAXES, RUBBER, ETC.), Page 195, J.R. BAILEY
1 - PUMP OIL, Pages 196-207
2 - GREASES, Pages 208-210
3 - WAXES, Pages 211-212
4 - ADHESIVES, Pages 213-214
5 - FILM COATINGS AND IMPREGNANTS, Pages 215-217
6 - LUBRICANTS, Pages 217-219
7 - PLASTICS, Pages 219-234
8 - ELASTOMERS (RUBBERS), Pages 234-244
9 - O-RINGS AND OTHER GASKETS, Pages 244-259
10 - MICA, Pages 259-261
11 - CLEANING FLUIDS, Pages 261-263
12 - OTHER MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS, Pages 263-267
APPENDIX A - Addresses of Manufacturers and Suppliers, Pages 267-268
REFERENCES, Pages 268-270 Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 20:13:18 GMTThe Britannica Guide to the Atom (Physics Explained)
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Common to all matter and its smallest and most fundamental unit, the atom determines the properties of a substance and how it responds to other materials and stimuli. Dividing the atom further reveals several smaller particles whose activity forms the heart of nuclear physics. Readers will discover the structure of the atom as well as the ways in which its electrons, protons, and neutrons facilitate both radioactivity and nuclear reactions, both of which have been crucial to technological advancements since the 20th century. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 16:00:58 GMTMultivariate Kernel Smoothing and Its Applications (Chapman <![CDATA[&]]> Hall/CRC Monographs on Statistics <![CDATA[&]]> Applied Probability)
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Kernel smoothing has greatly evolved since its inception to become an essential methodology in the Data Science tool kit for the 21st century. Its widespread adoption is due to its fundamental role for multivariate exploratory data analysis, as well as the crucial role it plays in composite solutions to complex data challenges.
Multivariate Kernel Smoothing and Its Applications offers a comprehensive overview of both aspects. It begins with a thorough exposition of the approaches to achieve the two basic goals of estimating probability density functions and their derivatives. The focus then turns to the applications of these approaches to more complex data analysis goals, many with a geometric/topological flavour, such as level set estimation, clustering (unsupervised learning), principal curves, and feature significance. Other topics, while not direct applications of density (derivative) estimation but sharing many commonalities with the previous settings, include classification (supervised learning), nearest neighbour estimation, and deconvolution for data observed with error.
For a Data Scientist, each chapter contains illustrative Open Data examples that are analysed by the most appropriate kernel smoothing method. The emphasis is always placed on an intuitive understanding of the data provided by the accompanying statistical visualisations. For a reader wishing to investigate further the details of their underlying statistical reasoning, a graduated exposition to Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 12:43:56 GMTQuantum Field Theory (Dover Books on Physics)
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Quantum field theory remains among the most important tools in defining and explaining the microscopic world. Recent years have witnessed a blossoming of developments and applications that extend far beyond the theory's original scope. This comprehensive text offers a balanced treatment, providing students with both a formal presentation and numerous practical examples of calculations.
This two-part approach begins with the standard quantization of electrodynamics, culminating in the perturbative renormalization. The second part comprises functional methods, relativistic bound states, broken symmetries, nonabelian gauge fields, and asymptotic behavior. Appropriate for students and researchers in field theory, particle physics, and related areas, this treatment presupposes a background in quantum mechanics, electrodynamics, and relativity, and it assumes some familiarity with classical calculus, including group theory and complex analysis Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 11:33:36 GMTIntroduction to the Physics of Waves
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Balancing concise mathematical analysis with the real-world examples and practical applications that inspire students, this textbook provides a clear and approachable introduction to the physics of waves. The author shows through a broad approach how wave phenomena can be observed in a variety of physical situations and explains how their characteristics are linked to specific physical rules, from Maxwell's equations to Newton's laws of motion. Building on the logic and simple physics behind each phenomenon, the book draws on everyday, practical applications of wave phenomena, ranging from electromagnetism to oceanography, helping to engage students and connect core theory with practice. Mathematical derivations are kept brief and textual commentary provides a non-mathematical perspective. Optional sections provide more examples along with higher-level analyses and discussion. This textbook introduces the physics of wave phenomena in a refreshingly approachable way, making it ideal for first- and second-year undergraduate students in the physical sciences Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 09:40:22 GMTIntroduction to Modern Optics (Dover Books on Physics)
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This incisive text provides a basic undergraduate-level course in modern optics for students in physics, technology and engineering. The first half of the book deals with classical physical optics the second principally with the quantum nature of light. Chapters 1 and 2 treat the propagation of light waves, including the concepts of phase and group velocities, and the vectorial nature of light. Chapter 3 applies the concepts of partial coherence and coherence length to the study of interference, and Chapter 4 takes up multiple-beam interference and includes Fabry-Perot interferometry and multilayer-film theory. Diffraction and holography are the subjects of Chapter 5, and the propagation of light in material media (including crystal and nonlinear optics) are central to Chapter 6. Chapters 7 and 8 introduce the quantum theory of light and elementary optical spectra, and Chapter 9 explores the theory of light amplification and lasers. Chapter 10 briefly outlines ray optics in order to introduce students to the matrix method for treating optical systems and to apply the ray matrix to the study of laser resonators.
Many applications of the laser to the study of optics are integrated throughout the text. The author assumes students have had an intermediate course in electricity and magnetism and some advanced mathematics beyond calculus. For classroom use, a list of problems is included at the end of each chapter, with selected answers at the end of the book Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 08:19:57 GMTKinematical Theory of Spinning Particles: Classical and Quantum Mechanical Formalism of Elementary Particles (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
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Classical spin is described in terms of velocities and acceleration so that knowledge of advanced mathematics is not required. Written in the three-dimensional notation of vector calculus, it can be followed by undergraduate physics students, although some notions of Lagrangian dynamics and group theory are required. It is intended as a general course at a postgraduate level for all-purpose physicists. This book presents a unified approach to classical and quantum mechanics of spinning particles, with symmetry principles as the starting point. A classical concept of an elementary particle is presented. The variational statements to deal with spinning particles are revisited. It is shown that, by explicitly constructing different models, symmetry principles are sufficient for the description of either classical or quantum-mechanical elementary particles. Several spin effects are analyzedClassical spin is described in terms of velocities and acceleration so that knowledge of advanced mathematics is not required. Written in the three-dimensional notation of vector calculus, it can be followed by undergraduate physics students, although some notions of Lagrangian dynamics and group theory are required. It is intended as a general course at a postgraduate level for all-purpose physicists. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 06:08:11 GMTSwitching Phenomena in High-Voltage Circuit Breakers (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
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Showing the relation of physics to circuit interruption technology, describes for engineers the switching phenomena, test procedures, and applications of modern, high-voltage circuit breakers, especially SF, gas-blast, and the vacuum types used in medium-voltage ranges. Applies the physical arc modShowing the relation of physics to circuit interruption technology, describes for engineers the switching phenomena, test procedures, and applications of modern, high-voltage circuit breakers, especially SF, gas-blast, and the vacuum types used in medium-voltage ranges. Applies the physical arc mode Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 06:02:13 GMTThe Theory of Coherent Radiation by Intense Electron Beams (Particle Acceleration and Detection)
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Spurred by the development of high-current, high-energy relativistic electron beams, this books delves into the foundations of a device- and geometry-independent theoretical treatment of a large collection of interacting and radiating electron bunches. Covers a broad swath of topics, from the radiation emission of a single charged particle to collective behaviour of a high-density electron bunch, to application in modern sytemsSpurred by the development of high-current, high-energy relativistic electron beams, this books delves into the foundations of a device- and geometry-independent theoretical treatment of a large collection of interacting and radiating electron bunches. Covers a broad swath of topics, from the radiation emission of a single charged particle to collective behaviour of a high-density electron bunch, to application in modern sytems. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 05:10:16 GMTAn Introduction to Nuclear Physics
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This introduction to nuclear physics provides an excellent basis for a core undergraduate course in this area. The authors show how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground and excited states, and of the nature of nuclear reactions. They include chapters on nuclear fission, its application in nuclear power reactors, the role of nuclear physics in energy production and nucleosynthesis in stars. This new edition contains several additional topics: muon-catalyzed fusion, the nuclear and neutrino physics of supernovae, neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations, and the biological effects of radiation. A knowledge of basic quantum mechanics and special relativity is assumed. Each chapter ends with a set of problems accompanied by outline solutionsThis clear and concise introduction to nuclear physics provides an excellent basis for a core undergraduate course in this area. The book opens by setting nuclear physics in the context of elementary particle physics and then shows how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground states and excited states, and also of the nature of nuclear reactions. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 05:00:35 GMTNew Developments in Quantum Field Theory (Nato Science Series B:)
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Quantum field theory is one of most central constructions in 20th century th- retical physics, and it continues to develop rapidly in many different directions. The aim of the workshop “New Developments in Quantum Field Theory”, which was held in Zakopane, Poland, June 14-20, 1997, was to capture a broad selection of the most recent advances in this field. The conference was sponsored by the Scientific and - vironmental Affairs Division of NATO, as part of the Advanced Research Workshop series. This book contains the proceedings of that meeting. Major topics covered at the workshop include quantized theories of gravity, string theory, conformal field theory, cosmology, field theory approaches to critical phenomena and the renormalization group, matrix models, and field theory techniques applied to the theory of turbulence. One common theme at the conference was the use of large-Nmatrix models to obtain exact results in a variety of different disciplines. For example, it has been known for several years that by taking a suitable double-scaling limit, certain string theories (or two-dimensional quantum gravity coupled to matter) can be re-obtained from the large-Nexpansion of matrix models. There continues to be a large activity in this area of research, which was well reflected by talks given at our workshop. Remarkably, large- Nmatrix models have very recently – just a few months before our meeting – been shown to have yet another deep relation to string theoryQuantum field t Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 04:54:50 GMTAdvances in Nuclear Physics: Volume 23
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This volume of Advances in Nuclear Physics addresses two very different frontiers of contemporary nuclear physics ? one highly theoretical and the other solidly phenomenological. The first article by Matthias Burkardt provides a pedagogical overview of the timely topic of light front quantization. Although introduced decades ago by Dirac, light front quantization has been a central focus in theoretical - clear and particle physics in recent years for two majorreasons. The first, as discussed in detail by Burkardt, is that light-cone coordinates are the natural coordinates for describing high-energy scattering. The wealth of data in recent years on nucleon and nucleus structure functions from high-energy lepton and hadron scattering thus provides a strong impetus for understanding QCD on the light cone. Second, as theorists have explored light front quantization, a host of deep and intriguing theoretical questions have arisen associated with the triviality of the vacuum, the role of zero modes, rotational invariance, and renormalization. These issues are so compelling that they are now intensively investigated on their own merit, independent of the particular application to high-energy scattering. This article provides an excellent introduction and overview of the motivation from high-energy scattering, an accessible - scription of the basic ideas, an insightful discussion of the open problems, and a helpful guide to the specialized literature. It is an ideal opportunity for t Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 04:53:27 GMTFox and McDonald's Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 8th Edition
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One of the bestselling texts in the field, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics continues to provide students with a balanced and comprehensive approach to mastering critical concepts. The new eighth edition once again incorporates a proven problem solving methodology that will help students develop an orderly plan to finding the right solution. It starts with basic equations, then clearly states assumptions, and finally, relates results to expected physical behavior. Many of the steps involved in analysis are simplified by using Excel. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 03:56:37 GMTIntroduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics Questions to the Universe (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics)
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This book, written by researchers who had been professionals in accelerator physics before becoming leaders of groups in astroparticle physics, introduces both fields in a balanced and elementary way, requiring only a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics on the part of the reader. The new profile of scientists in fundamental physics ideally involves the merging of knowledge in astroparticle and particle physics, but the duration of modern experiments is such that people cannot simultaneously be practitioners in both. Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics is designed to bridge the gap between the fields. It can be used as a self-training book, a consultation book, or a textbook providing a “modern” approach to particles and fundamental interactions. Read more... ]]>Sun, 17 Jun 2018 01:54:04 GMTAnalytic Pseudo-Differential Operators and their Applications (Mathematics and its Applications)
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One service mathematics has rendered the 'Et moi, ... , si j'avait su comment en revenir, je n'y serais point aIle:' human race. It has put common sense back Jules Verne where it belongs, on the topmost shelf next to the dusty canister labelled 'discarded non- The series is divergent therefore we may be sense'. able to do something with it. Eric T. Bell O. Heaviside Mathematics is a tool for thought. A highly necessary tool in a world where both feedback and non linearities abound. Similarly, all kinds of parts of mathematics serve as tools for other parts and for other sciences. Applying a simple rewriting rule to the quote on the right above one finds such statements as: 'One service topology has rendered mathematical physics ... ' 'One service logic has rendered com puter science .. .' 'One service category theory has rendered mathematics ... '. All arguably true. And all statements obtainable this way form part of the raison d'elre of this series. Read more... ]]>Sat, 16 Jun 2018 16:59:43 GMTSolid State Theory: An Introduction
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"Solid-State Theory - An Introduction" is a textbook for graduate students of physics and material sciences. Whilst covering the traditional topics of older textbooks, it also takes up new developments in theoretical concepts and materials that are connected with such breakthroughs as the quantum-Hall effects, the high-Tc superconductors, and the low-dimensional systems realized in solids. Thus besides providing the fundamental concepts to describe the physics of the electrons and ions comprising the solid, including their interactions, the book casts a bridge to the experimental facts and gives the reader an excellent insight into current research fields. A compilation of problems makes the book especially valuable to both students and teachers"Solid-State Theory - An Introduction" is a textbook for graduate students of physics and material sciences. Whilst covering the traditional topics of older textbooks, it also takes up new developments in theoretical concepts and materials that are connected with such breakthroughs as the quantum-Hall effects, the high-Tc superconductors, and the low-dimensional systems realized in solids. Thus besides providing the fundamental concepts to describe the physics of the electrons and ions comprising the solid, including their interactions, the book casts a bridge to the experimental facts and gives the reader an excellent insight into current research fields. A compilation of problems makes the book especially valuable to both student Read more... ]]>Sat, 16 Jun 2018 05:31:44 GMTGlobal Propagation of Regular Nonlinear Hyperbolic Waves (Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications, No. 76 )
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This monograph describes global propagation of regular nonlinear hyperbolic waves described by first-order quasilinear hyperbolic systems in one dimension. The exposition is clear, concise, and unfolds systematically beginning with introductory material and leading to the original research of the authors. Topics are motivated with a number of physical examples from the areas of elastic materials, one-dimensional gas dynamics, and waves. Aimed at researchers and graduate students in partial differential equations and related topics, this book will stimulate further research and help readers further understand important aspects and recent progress of regular nonlinear hyperbolic wavesThis monograph describes global propagation of regular nonlinear hyperbolic waves described by first-order quasilinear hyperbolic systems in one dimension. The exposition is clear, concise, and unfolds systematically beginning with introductory material and leading to the original research of the authors. Topics are motivated with a number of physical examples from the areas of elastic materials, one-dimensional gas dynamics, and waves. Aimed at researchers and graduate students in partial differential equations and related topics, this book will stimulate further research and help readers further understand important aspects and recent progress of regular nonlinear hyperbolic waves. Read more... ]]>Sat, 16 Jun 2018 05:15:09 GMTClassical Mechanics: An Introduction
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This upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate textbook primarily covers the theory and application of Newtonian and Lagrangian, but also of Hamiltonian mechanics. In addition, included are elements of continuum mechanics and the accompanying classical field theory, wherein four-vector notation is introduced without explicit reference to special relativity. The author's writing style attempts to ease students through the primary and secondary results, thus building a solid foundation for understanding applications. Numerous examples illustrate the material and often present alternative approaches to the final resultsThis upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate textbook primarily covers the theory and application of Newtonian and Lagrangian, but also of Hamiltonian mechanics. In addition, included are elements of continuum mechanics and the accompanying classical field theory, wherein four-vector notation is introduced without explicit reference to special relativity. The author's writing style attempts to ease students through the primary and secondary results, thus building a solid foundation for understanding applications. Numerous examples illustrate the material and often present alternative approaches to the final results. Read more... ]]>Sat, 16 Jun 2018 02:15:47 GMTPhysics and Fractal Structures
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The structures of physics, in general, are studied by using simplified geometry on objects that are actually irregular and highly complex. The complex morphology and dynamics of many phenomena are lost when this is done. Benoit B. Mandelbrot, author of the preface, has spent 20 years studying the phenomena required to model these structures in all their dimensions. These structures are called fractals, and are characterized by their invariance of scale: each figure is composed of figures which are virtually identical and which are in turn composed of virtually identical figures, and so on indefinitely. Fractals are the result of 70 years of research in many fields what they reveal has pertinence to physics of materials, mechanics of fluids, functional anatomy, plant morphology, geomorphology, astrophysics, and other disciplines. This book highlights the structures of fractals in related disciplines: turbulence, chaos, fracture, percolation, diffusion fronts, aggregation, phase transitions, particle trajectories. The author describes in detail the dynamic aspects of transport phenomena in the field of fractals. Intended for students of physics and chemistry in their second or third year, this book is also addressed to researchers and engineers interested in the trends of contemporary physics as they relate to real applications. An extensive bibliography directs the reader to additional material on specific topics Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 21:19:40 GMTSolid State Physics, Volume 66
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Solid State Physics provides the latest information on the branch of physics that is primarily devoted to the study of matter in its solid phase, especially at the atomic level. This prestigious serial presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physics.
* Contains contributions from leading authorities in the study of solid state physics, especially at the atomic level
* Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field
* presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physic Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 18:15:20 GMTSolid State Physics, Volume 63
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Solid state physics is the branch of physics primarily devoted to the study of matter in its solid phase, especially at the atomic level. This prestigious serial presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physics.
* Contributions from leading authorities
* Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the fiel Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 17:52:48 GMTSolid State Physics, Volume 62
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Solid state physics is the branch of physics primarily devoted to the study of matter in its solid phase, especially at the atomic level. This prestigious serial presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physics Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 17:51:03 GMTEssential University Physics: Volume 2, Global Edition
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"Just the Essentials Richard Wolfson's Essential University Physics, Third Edition is a concise and progressive calculus-based physics textbook that offers clear writing, great problems, and relevant real-life applications in an affordable and streamlined text. Essential University Physics teaches sound problem-solving skills, emphasizes conceptual understanding, and makes connections to the real world. Features such as annotated figures and step-by-step problem-solving strategies help students master concepts and solve problems with confidence. Essential University Physics is offered as two paperback volumes available together or for sale individually. MasteringPhysics® not included. Students, if MasteringPhysics is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringPhysics should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MasteringPhysics is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.For two- and three-semester university physics courses
Just the Essentials
Richard Wolfsons Essential University Physics, Third Edition is a concise and progressive calculus-based physics textbook that offers clear writing, great problem Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 13:12:49 GMTEssential University Physics: Volume 1, Global Edition
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"Just the Essentials Richard Wolfson's Essential University Physics, Third Edition is a concise and progressive calculus-based physics textbook that offers clear writing, great problems, and relevant real-life applications in an affordable and streamlined text. Essential University Physics teaches sound problem-solving skills, emphasizes conceptual understanding, and makes connections to the real world. Features such as annotated figures and step-by-step problem-solving strategies help students master concepts and solve problems with confidence. Essential University Physics is offered as two paperback volumes available together or for sale individually. MasteringPhysics® not included. Students, if MasteringPhysics is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringPhysics should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MasteringPhysics is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.For two- and three-semester university physics courses
Just the Essentials
Richard Wolfsons Essential University Physics, Third Edition is a concise and progressive calculus-based physics textbook that offers clear writing, great problem Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 13:11:37 GMTQuantum Foundations, Probability and Information (STEAM-H: Science, Technology, Engineering, Agriculture, Mathematics <![CDATA[&]]> Health)
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Composed of contributions from leading experts in quantum foundations, this volume presents viewpoints on a number of complex problems through informational, probabilistic, and mathematical perspectives and features novel mathematical models of quantum and subquantum phenomena. Rich with multi-disciplinary mathematical content, this book includes applications of partial differential equations in quantum field theory, differential geometry, oscillatory processes and vibrations, and Feynman integrals for quickly growing potential functions.
Due to rapid growth in the field in recent years, this volume aims to promote interdisciplinary collaboration in the areas of quantum probability, information, communication and foundation, and mathematical physics. Many papers discuss complex yet novel problems that depart from the mainstream of quantum physical studies. Others devote explanation to fundamental problems of the conventional quantum theory, including its mathematical formalism. Overall, authors cover a diverse set of topics, including quantum and classical field theory and oscillatory processing, quantum mechanics from a Darwinian evolutionary perspective, and biological applications of quantum theory.
Together in one volume, these essays will be useful to experts in the corresponding areas of quantum theory. Theoreticians, experimenters, mathematicians, and even philosophers in quantum physics and quantum probability and information theory can consider this bo Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 00:38:23 GMTTheory and Simulation of Random Phenomena: Mathematical Foundations and Physical Applications (UNITEXT for Physics)
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The purpose of this book is twofold: first, it sets out to equip the reader with a sound understanding of the foundations of probability theory and stochastic processes, offering step-by-step guidance from basic probability theory to advanced topics, such as stochastic differential equations, which typically are presented in textbooks that require a very strong mathematical background. Second, while leading the reader on this journey, it aims to impart the knowledge needed in order to develop algorithms that simulate realistic physical systems. Connections with several fields of pure and applied physics, from quantum mechanics to econophysics, are provided. Furthermore, the inclusion of fully solved exercises will enable the reader to learn quickly and to explore topics not covered in the main text. The book will appeal especially to graduate students wishing to learn how to simulate physical systems and to deepen their knowledge of the mathematical framework, which has very deep connections with modern quantum field theoryThe purpose of this book is twofold: first, it sets out to equip the reader with a sound understanding of the foundations of probability theory and stochastic processes, offering step-by-step guidance from basic probability theory to advanced topics, such as stochastic differential equations, which typically are presented in textbooks that require a very strong mathematical background. Second, while leading the reader on this journey, it aims to impart Read more... ]]>Fri, 15 Jun 2018 00:34:12 GMTAtomic and Molecular Processes in Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion (Nato Science Series B:)
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The NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Atomic and Molecular Processes in Controlled TheI'IllOnuclear Fusion" was held at Chateau de Bonas, Castera-Verduzan, Gel's, France, from 13th to 24th August 1979, and this volume contains the text of the invited lectures. The Institute was supported by the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO, and additional support was received from EURATOM and the United States National Science Foundation. The Institute was attended by 88 scientists, all of whom were active research workers in control of thermonuclear plasmas, 01' atomic and molecular physics, 01' both. In addition to the formal lectures, printed in this volume, which were intended to be pedagogic, more than twenty research seminars were given by participants. The first half of the Institute was directed to introducing atomic and molecular theoretical and experimental physicists to the physics of controlled thermonuclear fusion. Most attention was paid to magnetic confinement, and within that field, to tokamaks. MI' Read more... ]]>Thu, 14 Jun 2018 21:20:10 GMTPhysics Topic-wise <![CDATA[&]]> Chapter-wise DPP (Daily Practice Problem) Sheets for NEET/AIIMS/JIPMER
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The book Physics Topic-wise and Chapter-wise Daily Practice Problem (DPP) Sheets for NEET 3rd Edition is precise, apt and tuned to all the requirements of a NEET aspirant.
The DPP Sheets contains:
1. Well Crafted collection of questions. The book is divided into 2 parts - Topic-wise DPP followed by Chapter-wise DPP Sheets.
2. Part A Sheets divides the complete NEET Physics syllabus into 60 most important Topics. Each chapter has been broken into 2 or more topics.
3. Part B provides 27 Chapter-wise DPPs based on the NCERT.
4. Time Limit, Maximum Marks, Cutoff, Qualifying Score for each DPP Sheet is provided.
5. These sheets will act as an Ultimate tool for Concept Checking and Speed Building.
6. Collection of 3000+ MCQs .
7. Covers all important Concepts of each Topic
8. As per latest pattern and syllabus of NEET exam.
10. No matter where you PREPARE from a coaching or NCERT books or any other textbook/ Guide Daily Practice Problem Sheets provides you the right ASSESSMENT on each topic. Read more... ]]>Thu, 14 Jun 2018 19:23:56 GMTTensile Fracturing in Rocks: Tectonofractographic and Electromagnetic Radiation Methods
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‘Tensile Fracturing in Rocks’ presents field observations on fracturing of sedim- tary rocks and granite outcrops from various provinces in three continents. It also combines results of recent experiments conducted at different laboratories around the world with current theories on fracturing. In treating faults, this book limits itself to faults that are associated with joint sets produced by definable causes and occasi- ally to cases where interaction between the two types of fracture – faults and joints – is not clear. The book’s subject matter is divided over six chapters, which are briefly described below. Chapter 1 summarizes current key concepts in fracture physics. It starts with a pr- entation of the elastic theory of fracture, and concentrates on the results of linear el- tic fracture mechanics. The chapter touches also upon other fracture properties, e.g., crack nucleation, dynamic fracturing and slow fracturing processes. Nucleation is - dressed by statistical mechanics methods incorporating modern approaches of th- mal and fiber bundle processes. The analyses of dynamic fracturing and slow fract- ing focus on the differences, as compared to the linear elastic approach. The cont- versy in interpreting experimental dynamic results is highlighted, as are the surface morphology patterns that emerge in fracturing and the non-Griffith crack extension criterion in very slow fracturing processesTensile Fracturing in Rocks presents field observations on fracturing of sedi Read more... ]]>Thu, 14 Jun 2018 18:32:36 GMT