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16043Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking
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Review
"This book provides encapsulated histories of 30 physicists who have made major contributions to the development of physics over the last five centuries, from Galileo to Hawking.... This has the wonderful effect of laying out the development of physics in an exciting continuous stream, interweaving the social and scientific lives of all the scientists very effectively. The individual chapters are scholarly yet brief, concise and to the point, focusing on the crucial life events and the major scientific breakthroughs.... We need something like this for mathematics now!" Mathematical Reviews Read more... ]]>Tue, 28 Mar 2017 07:29:42 GMTPeer Instruction: A User's Manual
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Peer Instruction: A Users Manual is a step-by-step guide for instructors on how to plan and implement Peer Instruction lectures. The teaching methodology is applicable to a variety of introductory science courses (including biology and chemistry). However, the additional materialclass-tested, ready-to-use resources, in print and on CD-ROM (so professors can reproduce them as handouts or transparencies)is intended for calculus-based physics courses. Read more... ]]>Tue, 28 Mar 2017 03:12:17 GMTSymmetries, Asymmetries, and the World of Particles (Geo. S. Long Publication Series)
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Discusses mirror symmetry, a symmetries, time reversal, vacuum as a physical medium, spontaneous symmetry breaking, particles, and quarks. Read more... ]]>Tue, 28 Mar 2017 02:34:19 GMTDynamics of Atmospheric Re-Entry (AIAA Education)
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Presenting comprehensive coverage of the dynamics of atmospheric re-entry, this text details fundamental concepts and practical applications such as the atmospheric model and re-entry mechanics, and goes on to discuss specific topics such as re-entry decoys, flow fields and error analysis. Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 17:43:19 GMTThermal Physics
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Suitable for both undergraduates and graduates, this textbook provides an up-to-date, accessible introduction to thermal physics. The material provides a comprehensive understanding of thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetic theory, and has been extensively tested in the classroom by the author who is an experienced teacher. This book begins with a clear review of fundamental ideas and goes on to construct a conceptual foundation of four linked elements: entropy and the Second Law, the canonical probability distribution, the partition function, and the chemical potential. This foundation is used throughout the book to help explain new topics and exciting recent developments such as Bose-Einstein condensation and critical phenomena. The highlighting of key equations, summaries of essential ideas, and an extensive set of problems of varying degrees of difficulty will allow readers to fully grasp both the basic and current aspects of the subject. A solutions manual is available for instructors. This book is an invaluable textbook for students in physics and astronomy. Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 17:37:45 GMTTowards the Edge of the Universe: A Review of Modern Cosmology (Springer Praxis Books / Space Exploration)
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Towards the Edge of the Universe is the second edition of a successful textbook, previously published by Wiley-Praxis.
It reviews the latest discoveries and ideas, discusses areas of controversy, and presents a variety of observational data, in a way suitable as an introduction to cosmology for university students studying the following courses: Astronomy, Astrophysics, Cosmology, Partical Physics, Theoretical Physics and Space Science. The author considers the most contemporary views of cosmology by describing the Big Bang model (its problems as well as its usefulness), and begins with a comprehensive account of the universe and its components, providing a sound introduction for the student. A generally descriptive (rather than purely mathematical) approach makes the book accessible to all levels of students
Priced at an affordable level for students - despite the inclusion of many illustrations and some full colour photographs - the previous Wiley-Praxis (1997) edition was successful in Europe and America. This new edition incorporates some revisions, but is expected to continue as a useful textbook with a valuable "additional market" among serious astronomers. Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 08:58:02 GMTAdvanced Physics.
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This A Level Physics textbook covers all the requirements of the AS and A2 Physics specifications. This fifth edition has been updated to include: revisions to the content to reflect changing AS and A Level specifications a new chapter on cosmology and astrophysics revisions to text and photographs to ensure that examples are up-to-date updated examination questions from recent past papers samples of the use of spreadsheets and dataloggers and the use of full colour throughout.
Review of Kerry Parker, Part-time college lecturer and Editor of Physics Education:
The original Duncan was published in 1973, and this book is unmistakably the same one. Even many of the diagrams remain unchanged, but with added colour. This is still a classic text, with much brilliant writing. As one reviewer put it: 'very standard, but this was the author who probably set the standard'. But is it a book for today's students? The addition of colour to the diagrams and photographs gives the book visual appeal, but we generally found the three-column design looking cluttered and dated. A new chapter on Cosmology and Astrophysics (by Duncan's daughter, Heather Kennett) and some other changes have not changed the flavour. There is a lot of material that is no longer in many A-levelsparticularly ray optics and electronics.
This is an excellent reference book, and the brief descriptions of experimental demonstrations make it a great teacher's book. It is comprehensive and invariably written Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 08:54:42 GMTPhysics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics (4th Edition)
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A research-driven approach, fine-tuned for even greater ease-of-use and student success
For the Fourth Edition of Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Knight continues to build on strong research-based foundations with fine-tuned and streamlined content, hallmark features, and an even more robust MasteringPhysics program, taking student learning to a new level. By extending problem-solving guidance to include a greater emphasis on modeling and significantly revised and more challenging problem sets, students gain confidence and skills in problem solving. A modified Table of Contents and the addition of advanced topics now accommodate different teaching preferences and course structures.
Personalize learning with MasteringPhysics
MasteringPhysics from Pearson is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class, and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resource Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 08:52:49 GMTA Student's Pocket Companion: Fundamentals of Physics Fifth Edition
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This fifth edition briefly covers important ideas from the main text and gives some base equations. There are three purposes of this pocket guide: to take class in place of the larger text to use as a handy reference for equations while working problem assignments to review text material before an exam or when to quickly recall an idea. There is a wide left margin for short notes and a note section at the end of each chapter. Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 08:51:41 GMTPhysics Textbook Part - 1 for Class - 11 - 11086
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This book is the result of the renewed efforts of the present
Textbook Development Team with the hope that the students will appreciate the
beauty and logic of physics. The students may or may not continue to study physics
beyond the higher secondary stage, but we feel that they will find the thought
process of physics useful in any other branch they may like to pursue, be it finance,
administration, social sciences, environment, engineering, technology, biology or
medicine. For those who pursue physics beyond this stage, the matter developed
in these books will certainly provide a sound base.
Physics is basic to the understanding of almost all the branches of science and
technology. It is interesting to note that the ideas and concepts of physics are
increasingly being used in other branches such as economics and commerce, and
behavioural sciences too. We are conscious of the fact that some of the underlying
simple basic physics principles are often conceptually quite intricate. In this book,
we have tried to bring in a conceptual coherence. The pedagogy and the use of
easily understandable language are at the core of our effort without sacrificing the
rigourof the subject. The nature of the subject of physics is such that a certain
minimum use of mathematics is a must. We have tried to develop the mathematical
formulations in a logical fashion, as far as possible. Read more... ]]>Mon, 27 Mar 2017 08:51:10 GMTReal Gas Flows with High Velocities
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Despite generations of change and recent, rapid developments in gas dynamics and hypersonic theory, relevant literature has yet to catch up, so those in the field are generally forced to rely on dated monographs to make educated decisions that reflect present-day science.
Written by preeminent Russian aerospace researcher Vladimir V. Lunev, Real Gas Flows with High Velocities reflects the most current concepts of high-velocity gas dynamics. For those in aviation and aerospace, this is a vital methodical revitalization and reassessment of real gas flows with regard to the physical and gasdynamic effects related to high-velocity flight, and, in particular, the entry of bodies into the atmosphere of Earth and other planets.
Much more than just a manual on gas physics, this book:
Analyzes fundamental challenges associated with super- and subsonic flight
Describes the physical properties of gas mixtures and their associated high-temperature processes from the phenomenological standpoint
Explores use of computational mathematics and equipment to simplify previously unsolvable problems of inviscid and viscous gas dynamics
Explains why numerical methods remain inferior to analytical methods for creating a conceptual understanding of gas dynamic and other physical problems
Avoiding older, cumbersome approximate methods, this reference outlines the general patterns and features of typical flows and how real gas affects them. Referencing simple, analytically treatable examples, s Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 13:52:46 GMTHigh-Tc Copper Oxide Superconductors and Related Novel Materials: Dedicated to Prof. K. A. Muller on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday (Springer Series in Materials Science)
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Authored by many of the world's leading experts on high-Tc superconductivity, this volume presents a panorama of ongoing research in the field, as well as insights into related multifunctional materials. The contributions cover many different and complementary aspects of the physics and materials challenges, with an emphasis on superconducting materials that have emerged since the discovery of the cuprate superconductors, for example pnictides, MgB2, H2S and other hydrides. Special attention is also paid to interface superconductivity. In addition to superconductors, the volume also addresses materials related to polar and multifunctional ground states, another class of materials that owes its discovery to Prof. Mller's ground-breaking research on SrTiO3. Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 10:22:40 GMTA Computational Non-commutative Geometry Program for Disordered Topological Insulators (SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics)
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This work presents a computational program based on the principles of non-commutative geometry and showcases several applications to topological insulators. Noncommutative geometry has been originally proposed by Jean Bellissard as a theoretical framework for the investigation of homogeneous condensed matter systems.
Recently, this approach has been successfully applied to topological insulators, where it facilitated many rigorous results concerning the stability of the topological invariants against disorder.In the first part of the book the notion of a homogeneous material is introduced and the class of disordered crystals defined together with the classification table, which conjectures all topological phases from this class. The manuscript continues with a discussion of electrons dynamics in disordered crystals and the theory of topological invariants in the presence of strong disorder is briefly reviewed. It is shown how all this can be captured in the language of noncommutative geometry using the concept of non-commutative Brillouin torus, and a list of known formulas for various physical response functions is presented. In the second part, auxiliary algebras are introduced and a canonical finite-volume approximation of the non-commutative Brillouin torus is developed. Explicit numerical algorithms for computing generic correlation functions are discussed. In the third part upper bounds on the numerical errors are derived and it is proved that the canonical-finite volu Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 05:43:20 GMTKP Solitons and the Grassmannians: Combinatorics and Geometry of Two-Dimensional Wave Patterns (SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics)
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This is the first book to treat combinatorial and geometric aspects of two-dimensional solitons. Based on recent research by the author and his collaborators, the book presents new developments focused on an interplay between the theory of solitons and the combinatorics of finite-dimensional Grassmannians, in particular, the totally nonnegative (TNN) parts of the Grassmannians.
The book begins with a brief introduction to the theory of the KadomtsevPetviashvili (KP) equation and its soliton solutions, called the KP solitons. Owing to the nonlinearity in the KP equation, the KP solitons form very complex but interesting web-like patterns in two dimensions. These patterns are referred to as soliton graphs. The main aim of the book is to investigate the detailed structure of the soliton graphs and to classify these graphs. It turns out that the problem has an intimate connection with the study of the TNN part of the Grassmannians. The book also provides an elementary introduction to the recent development of the combinatorial aspect of the TNN Grassmannians and their parameterizations, which will be useful for solving the classification problem.
This work appeals to readers interested in real algebraic geometry, combinatorics, and soliton theory of integrable systems. It can serve as a valuable reference for an expert, a textbook for a special topics graduate course, or a source for independent study projects for advanced upper-level undergraduates specializing in physics and Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 05:39:36 GMTExperiments and Video Analysis in Classical Mechanics (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics)
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This book is an experimental physics textbook on classical mechanics focusing on the development of experimental skills by means of discussion of different aspects of the experimental setup and the assessment of common issues such as accuracy and graphical representation. The most important topics of an experimental physics course on mechanics are covered and the main concepts are explored in detail. Each chapter didactically connects the experiment and the theoretical models available to explain it. Real data from the proposed experiments are presented and a clear discussion over the theoretical models is given. Special attention is also dedicated to the experimental uncertainty of measurements and graphical representation of the results. In many of the experiments, the application of video analysis is proposed and compared with traditional methods.
Please If You Want To Support Me Kindly Purchase Premium From Any Of My Download Links Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 05:34:15 GMTEmotional Engineering, Vol.5
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This book provides a review of the latest research on emotion in engineering, with a particular focus on design and manufacturing.
Topics include experience, happiness, cognitive science, neuroscience, additive manufacturing, universal design, branding, teamwork. Throughout the book, the emotions of the end users of engineering products are discussed, as well as the perspective of the expert.
The book provides researchers, students, and practicing engineers with an opportunity to examine research and practice in engineering from a different perspective, and offers pointers to how to collaborate with people from other fields to help achieve a more connected society.
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This textbook offers readers an introduction to fracture mechanics, equipping them to grasp the basic ideas of the presented approaches to modeling in applied mechanics
In the first part, the book reviews and expands on the classical theory of elastic and elasto-plastic material behavior. A solid understanding of these two topics is the essential prerequisite to advancing to damage and fracture mechanics. Thus, the second part of this course provides an introduction to the treatment of damage and fractures in the context of applied mechanics
Wherever possible, the one-dimensional case is first introduced and then generalized in a following step. This departs somewhat from the more classical approach, where first the most general case is derived and then simplified to special cases. In general, the required mathematics background is kept to a minimum
Tutorials are included at the end of each chapter, presenting the major steps for the solution and offering valuable tips and tricks. The supplementary problems featured in the book
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The book is about the key elements required for designing, building and controlling effective artificial swarms comprised of multiple moving physical agents. Therefore this book presents the fundamentals of each of those key elements in the particular frame of dynamic swarming, specifically exposing the profound connections between these elements and establish some general design principles for swarming behaviors. This scientific endeavor requires an inter-disciplinary approach: biomimetic inspiration from ethology and ecology, study of social information flow, analysis of temporal and adaptive signaling network of interaction, considerations of control of networked real-time systems, and lastly, elements of complex adaptive dynamical systems. This book offers a completely new perspective on the scientific understanding of dynamic collective behaviors thanks to its multi-disciplinary approach and its focus on artificial swarm of physical agents. Two of the key problems in understanding the emergence of swarm intelligent behaviors are identifying the social interaction rules a.k.a. the behavioral algorithm and uncovering how information flows between swarming agents. While most books about swarm dynamics have been focusing on the former, this book emphasizes the much-less discussed topic of distributed information flow, always with the aim of establishing general design principles.
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Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics brings together for the first time social scientists and engineers to develop a predictive theory of social organization, as a conglomerate of mating flows that morph in time to flow more easily (people, goods, money, energy, information). These flows have objectives (e.g., minimization of effort, travel time, cost), and the objectives clash with global constraints (space, time, resources).The result is organization (flow architecture) derived from one principle of configuration evolution in time (the constructal law): "for a flow system to persist in time, its configuration must morph such that it provides easier access to its streams."
Constructal theory predicts animal design and geophysical flows, and makes evolution a part of physics. In the social sciences, there is substantial literature based on the use of optima to deduce social, population and economic dynamics. The constructal approach of this book links social sciences with physics, biology and engineering. The book explores the deterministic principle that generates a broad array of patterned phenomena, in demography, geography, communications, hierarchy, and multiple scales. Examples are the distribution of living settlements, the occurrence of flow structure inside each settlement, development as the relation between fast-flowing societies and advancement and wealth, migration patterns, and globalization.
Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics is novel and important becaus Read more... ]]>Sun, 26 Mar 2017 00:53:12 GMTPhotonic Crystals: Advances in Design, Fabrication, and Characterization
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The majority of the contributions in this topically edited book stems from the priority program SPP 1113 "Photonische Kristalle" run by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), resulting in a survey of the current state of photonic crystal research in Germany. The first part of the book describes methods for the theoretical analysis of their optical properties as well as the results. The main part is dedicated to the fabrication, characterization and modeling of two- and three-dimensional photonic crystals, while the final section presents a wide spectrum of applications: gas sensors, micro-lasers, and photonic crystal fibers. Illustrated in full color, this book is not only of interest to advanced students and researchers in physics, electrical engineering, and material science, but also to company R and D departments involved in photonic crystal-related technological developments.
Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 18:21:33 GMTThe Classical Theory of Fields: Electromagnetism (Graduate Texts in Physics)
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Introducing readers to the beauty of classical field theory as a gem of theoretical physics, this textbook presents the theory of classical fields as a mathematical structure based solidly on laboratory experiments, with appendices full of mathematical proofs. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 16:36:32 GMTElementary quantum mechanics
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Elementary quantum mechanics Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 13:31:22 GMTQuantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors (Oxford Master Series in Physics)
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The semiconductor laser, invented over 50 years ago, has had an enormous impact on the digital technologies that now dominate so many applications in business, commerce and the home. The laser is used in all types of optical fibre communication networks that enable the operation of the internet, e-mail, voice and skype transmission. Approximately one billion are produced each year for a market valued at around $5 billion. Nearly all semiconductor lasers now use extremely thin layers of light emitting materials (quantum well lasers). Increasingly smaller nanostructures are used in the form of quantum dots. The impact of the semiconductor laser is surprising in the light of the complexity of the physical processes that determine the operation of every device.
This text takes the reader from the fundamental optical gain and carrier recombination processes in quantum wells and quantum dots, through descriptions of common device structures to an understanding of their operating characteristics. It has a consistent treatment of both quantum dot and quantum well structures taking full account of their dimensionality, which provides the reader with a complete account of contemporary quantum confined laser diodes. It includes plenty of illustrations from both model calculations and experimental observations. There are numerous exercises, many designed to give a feel for values of key parameters and experience obtaining quantitative results from equations. Some challenging concepts, Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 12:28:30 GMTElementary Statistical Physics
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This book is a little gem: it offers a complete course in Statistical Mechanics all the way from Hamiltonian dynamics to the Fokker-Planck equation in 240 pages. All the classical examples in both classical and quantum statistical mechanics can be found in the text, presented in a very thorough manner (although not "for dummies"). Most of the calculational steps are presented even a review of Fourier transforms is presented before entering the topics of noise and fluctuations, and there is also an appendix on the method of steepest descent. The way the chapters are organized, one small chapter per subject--there are 45 such chapters--makes the text suited for self-study: one chapter per day keeps flunking away! There are exercises scattered throughout the chapters, but not many: some chapters have none, some chapters have as much as 7-8, while most chapters have 1-3 exercises. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 12:26:02 GMTThermal Physics and Thermal Analysis: From Macro to Micro, Highlighting Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Nanomaterials (Hot Topics in Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry)
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Features twenty-five chapter contributions from an international array of distinguished academics based in Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, Russia, and the USA. This multi-author contributed volume provides an up-to-date and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes involving the thermal analysis, applied solid-state physics, micro- and nano-crystallinity of selected solids and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. Distinctive chapters featured in the book include, among others, calorimetry time scales from days to microseconds, glass transition phenomena, kinetics of non-isothermal processes, thermal inertia and temperature gradients, thermodynamics of nanomaterials, self-organization, significance of temperature and entropy. Advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers working in the field of thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements and calorimetry will find this contributed volume invaluable. This is the third volume of the triptych volumes on thermal behaviour of materials the previous two receiving thousand of downloads guaranteeing their worldwide impact. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 12:07:51 GMTTests of Lorentz Invariance with an Optical Ring Cavity (Springer Theses)
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This thesis describes one of the most precise experimental tests of Lorentz symmetry in electrodynamics by light-speed anisotropy measurement with an asymmetric optical ring cavity. The author aims to answer the fundamental, hypothetical debate on Lorentz symmetry in the Universe. He concludes that the symmetry is protected within an error of 10-15, which means providing one of the most stringent upper limits on the violation of the Lorentz symmetry in the framework of the Standard Model Extension.
It introduces the following three keys which play an important role in achieving high-precision measurement: (1) a high-index element (silicon) interpolated into part of the light paths in the optical ring cavity, which improves sensitivity to the violation of the Lorentz symmetry, (2) double-pass configuration of the interferometer, which suppresses environmental noises, and (3) continuous data acquisition by rotating the optical ring cavity, which makes it possible to search for higher-order violations of Lorentz symmetry. In addition to those well-described keys, a comprehensive summary from theoretical formulations to experimental design details, data acquisition, and data analysis helps the reader follow up the experiments precisely. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 11:55:16 GMTDynamics of Nanoparticles in Stagnation Flames (Springer Theses)
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This book studies the collision, coalescence and deposition of nanoparticles in stagnation flames. With the help of synthesis experiments, in-situ laser diagnostics and molecular dynamics simulations, it investigates the growth of nanoparticles in flames and their deposition in boundary layers at a macroscopic flow field scale, as well as particle and molecular scale issues such as the interaction force between particles, how the collision rate is enhanced by attractive forces, and how the nano-scale coalescence process is influenced by the high surface curvature all of which are crucial to understanding nanoparticle transport phenomena at high temperatures. The book also reports on a novel in-situ laser diagnostics phenomenon called phase-selective laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and related applications for tracing gas-to-particle transitions and measuring local particle volume fractions in nano-aerosols. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 11:51:00 GMTThe 100 Greatest Lies in Physics
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The 100 Greatest Lies in physics is a follow-up to Ray Flemings The Zero-Point Universe as he continues to explore the importance of zero-point energy to modern physics. Since before the start of this century, evidence has mounted that space is not empty. Space is filled with quantum vacuum fluctuations called zero-point energy, and this energy is a modern form of aether. Most of the physics of the past century, which led to todays standard model, fails to account for this modern aether. In relativity theory there are two types of relativity, one that includes aether and one that rejects it. Physicists choose poorly and wrongly champion the theory that rejects the modern aether. Even though many theories like this are now known to be invalid, physicists still cling to the physics of the past. The mainstream physics of the last century is a complete disaster due to physicists failure to incorporate zero-point energy into their explanations of forces and every day phenomena. The 100 Greatest Lies in Physics catalogs many of the most outrageous mistakes in physics in hopes that physicists will do their jobs and stop lying to everyone. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 11:47:32 GMTMathematical Models and Numerical Simulation in Electromagnetism (UNITEXT)
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The book represents a basic support for a master course in electromagnetism oriented to numerical simulation. The main goal of the book is that the reader knows the boundary-value problems of partial differential equations that should be solved in order to perform computer simulation of electromagnetic processes. Moreover it includes a part devoted to electric circuit theory based on ordinary differential equations. The book is mainly oriented to electric engineering applications, going from the general to the specific, namely, from the full Maxwells equations to the particular cases of electrostatics, direct current, magnetostatics and eddy currents models. Apart from standard exercises related to analytical calculus, the book includes some others oriented to real-life applications solved with MaxFEM free simulation software. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 08:01:05 GMTAn Introduction To VLSI Physical Design
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This text treats the physical design of very large scale integrated circuits gradually and systematically. It examines the design problem and the design process with the aim of evaluating the efficiency of automatic design systems through algorithmic analysis. The layout problem is viewed as a collection of sub-problems which can be individually solved efficiently and then effectively combined. Initially, the text reviews VLSI technology and then examines layout rules and cell generation techniques.
Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 05:47:54 GMTString Theory (Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics) (Volume 2)
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String theory has advanced rapidly over the last 15 years and is increasingly seen as the best, and perhaps only, route to the complete unification of the four fundamental forcesthe so-called theory of everything. This text provides, in two volumes, a thoroughly modern and comprehensive introduction to strings and superstrings, and brings the reader up to date on the latest developments in string duality, M-theory, D-branes, and the application of string theory to black hole quantum mechanics. The author is one of the world's top string theorists, and is also known as a clear and cogent writer. The two volumes are written at a level appropriate to graduate students in physics. This is the first major textbook on strings since the two volume work of Green, Schwartz and Witten 10 years ago (which sold extraordinarily well, reprinting within a month of publication). The main market for the book is theoretical physicists, particle physicists, astrophysicists, cosmologists and applied mathematicians. However, this is an accessible book on one of the most fundamental questions in physics by a top researcher. It has all the ingredients to be a best seller. Read more... ]]>Sat, 25 Mar 2017 05:20:05 GMTConceptual Physics Package Edition
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Conceptual Physics, Tenth Edition helps readers connect physics to their everyday experiences and the world around them with additional help on solving more mathematical problems. Hewitt's text is famous for engaging readers with analogies and imagery from real-world situations that build a strong conceptual understanding of physical principles ranging from classical mechanics to modern physics. With this strong foundation, readers are better equipped to understand the equations and formulas of physics, and motivated to explore the thought-provoking exercises and fun projects in each chapter. Included in the package is the workbook. Mechanics, Properties of Matter, Heat, Sound, Electricity and Magnetism, Light, Atomic and Nuclear Physics, Relativity. For all readers interested in conceptual physics. Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 18:36:31 GMTPhysics: Principles with Applications
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For algebra-based introductory physics courses taken primarily by pre-med, agricultural, technology, and architectural students. This best-selling algebra-based physics text is known for its elegant writing, engaging biological applications, and exactness. Physics: Principles with Applications, 6e retains the careful exposition and precision of previous editions with many interesting new applications and carefully crafted new pedagogy. It was written to give students the basic concepts of physics in a manner that is accessible and clear. The goal is for students to view the world through eyes that know physics. Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 18:34:42 GMTKalman Filtering: with Real-Time Applications
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This new edition presents a thorough discussion of the mathematical theory and computational schemes of Kalman filtering. The filtering algorithms are derived via different approaches, including a direct method consisting of a series of elementary steps, and an indirect method based on innovation projection. Other topics include Kalman filtering for systems with correlated noise or colored noise, limiting Kalman filtering for time-invariant systems, extended Kalman filtering for nonlinear systems, interval Kalman filtering for uncertain systems, and wavelet Kalman filtering for multiresolution analysis of random signals. Most filtering algorithms are illustrated by using simplified radar tracking examples. The style of the book is informal, and the mathematics is elementary but rigorous. The text is self-contained, suitable for self-study, and accessible to all readers with a minimum knowledge of linear algebra, probability theory, and system engineering. Over 100 exercises and problems with solutions help deepen the knowledge. This new edition has a new chapter on filtering communication networks and data processing, together with new exercises and new real-time applications. Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 17:26:44 GMTShaping Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers
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This book is a contemporary overview of selected topics in fiber optics. It focuses on the latest research results on light wave manipulation using nonlinear optical fibers, with the aim of capturing some of the most innovative developments on this topic. The book s scope covers both fundamentals and applications from both theoretical and experimental perspectives, with topics including linear and nonlinear effects, pulse propagation phenomena and pulse shaping, solitons and rogue waves, novel optical fibers, supercontinuum generation, polarization management, optical signal processing, fiber lasers, optical wave turbulence, light propagation in disordered fiber media, and slow and fast light. With contributions from leadingedge scientists in the field of nonlinear photonics and fiber optics, they offer an overview of the latest advances in their own research area. The listing of recent research papers at the end of each chapter is useful for researchers using the book as a reference. As the book addresses fundamental and practical photonics problems, it will also be of interest to, and benefit, broader academic communities, including areas such as nonlinear science, applied mathematics and physics, and optical engineering. It offers the reader a wide and critical overview of the stateoftheart within this practical as well as fundamentally important and interesting area of modern science, providing a useful reference which will encourage further research and advances in the f Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 17:18:59 GMTLattice Quantum Chromodynamics: Practical Essentials (SpringerBriefs in Physics)
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This book provides an overview of the techniques central to lattice quantum chromodynamics, including modern developments.
The book has four chapters. The first chapter explains the formulation of quarks and gluons on a Euclidean lattice. The second chapter introduces Monte Carlo methods and details the numerical algorithms to simulate lattice gauge fields. Chapter three explains the mathematical and numerical techniques needed to study quark fields and the computation of quark propagators. The fourth chapter is devoted to the physical observables constructed from lattice fields and explains how to measure them in simulations. The book is aimed at enabling graduate students who are new to the field to carry out explicitly the first steps and prepare them for research in lattice QCD. Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 17:05:17 GMTNuclear Power: A Very Short Introduction
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With the world desperate to find energy sources that do not emit carbon gasesa desire compounded by the sky-rocketing cost of fossil fuelsnuclear power is back on the agenda and in the news. Yet nuclear power sparks anxiety in many people who are unclear about the nature and extent of the associated risks.
In this Very Short Introduction, Maxwell Irvine provides an informative and balanced overview of the entire subject. He presents a concise history of the development of nuclear physics leading up to the emergence of the nuclear power industry and discusses the nature of nuclear energy and the various aspects of public concern, including the risks of nuclear safety, the cost of its development, and the problems of waste disposal. The book looks specifically at safety records, including accounts of the Windscale fire, the Three Mile Island incident, and the Chernobyl disaster. As he dispels much of the widespread confusion about nuclear energy, Irvine argues for the relevance of nuclear power to the ongoing energy crisis and encourages informed debate about its potential. Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:47:23 GMTDetermining Spectra in Quantum Theory (Progress in Mathematical Physics)
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This work focuses on various known criteria in the spectral theory of selfadjoint operators. The concise, unified presentation is aimed at graduate students and researchers working in the spectral theory of Schrodinger operators with either fixed or random potentials Read more... ]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:28:18 GMTSelf-Organized Quantum Dots for Memories: Electronic Properties and Carrier Dynamics (Springer Theses)
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Todays semiconductor memory market is divided between two types of memory: DRAM and Flash. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. While DRAM is fast but volatile, Flash is non-volatile but slow. A memory system based on self-organized quantum dots (QDs) as storage node could combine the advantages of modern DRAM and Flash, thus merging the latters non-volatility with very fast write times.
This thesis investigates the electronic properties of and carrier dynamics in self-organized quantum dots by means of time-resolved capacitance spectroscopy and time-resolved current measurements. The first aim is to study the localization energy of various QD systems in order to assess the potential of increasing the storage time in QDs to non-volatility. Surprisingly, it is found that the major impact of carrier capture cross-sections of QDs is to influence, and at times counterbalance, carrier storage in addition to the localization energy. The second aim is to study the coupling between a layer of self-organized QDs and a two-dimensional hole gas (2DHG), which is relevant for the read-out process in memory systems. The investigation yields the discovery of the many-particle ground states in the QD ensemble. In addition to its technological relevance, the thesis also offers new insights into the fascinating field of nanostructure physics. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:43:00 GMTHadron Therapy Physics and Simulations (SpringerBriefs in Physics)
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This brief provides an in-depth overview of the physics of hadron therapy, ranging from the history to the latest contributions to the subject. It covers the mechanisms of protons and carbon ions at the molecular level (DNA breaks and proteins 53BP1 and RPA), the physics and mathematics of accelerators (Cyclotron and Synchrotron), microdosimetry measurements (with new results so far achieved), and Monte Carlo simulations in hadron therapy using FLUKA (CERN) and MCHIT (FIAS) software. The text also includes information about proton therapy centers and carbon ion centers (PTCOG), as well as a comparison and discussion of both techniques in treatment planning and radiation monitoring. This brief is suitable for newcomers to medical physics as well as seasoned specialists in radiation oncology. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:31:14 GMTCondensed Matter Theories: Proceedings of the 33rd International Workshop (Quito, Ecuador, 16 - 22 August 2009) (Condensed Matter Theories (World Scientific))
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The orientation and physical context of the CMT Series of Workshops have always been cross-disciplinary, but with an emphasis placed on the common concerns of theorists applying many-particle concepts in diverse areas of physics. In this spirit, CMT33 chose to focus special attention on exotic fermionic and bosonic systems, quantum magnets and their quantum and thermal phase transitions, novel condensed matter systems for renewable energy sources, the physics of nanosystems and nanotechnology, and applications of molecular dynamics and density functional theory. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:13:23 GMTMathematical Aspects of Superspace (Nato Science Series C:)
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Over the past five years, through a continually increasing wave of activity in the physics community, supergravity has come to be regarded as one of the most promising ways of unifying gravity with other particle interaction as a finite gauge theory to explain the spectrum of elementary particles. Concurrently im portant mathematical works on the arena of supergravity has taken place, starting with Kostant's theory of graded manifolds and continuing with Batchelor's work linking this with the superspace formalism. There remains, however, a gap between the mathematical and physical approaches expressed by such unanswered questions as, does there exist a superspace having all the properties that physicists require of it? Does it make sense to perform path integral in such a space? It is hoped that these proceedings will begin a dialogue between mathematicians and physicists on such questions as the plan of renormalisation in supergravity. The contributors to the proceedings consist both of mathe maticians and relativists who bring their experience in differen tial geometry, classical gravitation and algebra and also quantum field theorists specialized in supersymmetry and supergravity. One of the most important problems associated with super symmetry is its relationship to the elementary particle spectrum. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:11:46 GMTQuantum (Un)speakables: From Bell to Quantum Information
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This outstanding collection of essays leads the reader from the foundations of quantum mechanics to quantum entanglement, quantum cryptography, and quantum information, and is written for all those in need of a thorough insight into this new area of physics. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:10:39 GMTFractals' Physical Origin and Properties (NATO Asi Series. Series A, Life Sciences)
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This volume contains the Proceedings of the Special Seminar on: FRAGTALS held from October 9-15, 1988 at the Ettore Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice (Trapani), Italy. The concepts of self-similarity and scale invariance have arisen independently in several areas. One is the study of critical properites of phase transitions another is fractal geometry, which involves the concept of (non-integer) fractal dimension. These two areas have now come together, and their methods have extended to various fields of physics. The purpose of this Seminar was to provide an overview of the recent developments in the field. Most of the contributions are theoretical, but some experimental work is also included. Du:cing the past few years two tendencies have emerged in this field: one is to realize that many phenomena can be naturally modelled by fractal structures. So one can use this concept to define simple modele and study their physical properties. The second point of view is more microscopic and tries to answer the question: why nature gives rise to fractal structures. This implies the formulation of fractal growth modele based on physical concepts and their theoretical understanding in the same sense as the Renormalization Group method has allowed to understand the critical properties of phase transitions. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 22:09:45 GMTGuerrilla Science: Survival Strategies of a Cuban Physicist
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Full of drama, dedication, and humor, this book narrates the authors often frustrating experiences working as an experimental physicist in Cuba after the disintegration of the so-called socialist block. Lacking finance and infrastructure, faced with makeshift equipment, unpredictable supplies, and unreliable IT, Altshuler tells how he and his students overcame numerous challenges to make novel and interesting contributions to several fields of science. Along the way, he explains the science - from studies of ant colonies to superconductivity - either qualitatively or quantitatively, but always at a level fully understandable to an undergraduate student of natural sciences or engineering. An even wider audience, however, may skip the technical sections without missing the essence. With numerous anecdotes, photographs and the authors own delightful cartoons, the book tells a remarkable, and often amusing story of how successful science can be performed against all odds. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 19:46:21 GMTA New Perspective on Thermodynamics
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This book introduces a new outlook on thermodynamics. It brings the theory up to the present time and indicates areas of further development with the union of information theory and the theory of means and their inequalities.
Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda has written A New Perspective on Thermodynamics to combine an old look at thermodynamics with a new foundation. The book presents a historical perspective, which unravels the current presentation of thermodynamics found in standard texts, and which emphasizes the fundamental role that Carnot played in the development of thermodynamics.
A New Perspective on Thermodynamics will:
Chronologically unravel the development of the principles of thermodynamics and how they were conceived by their discoverers
Bring the theory of thermodynamics up to the present time and indicate areas of further development with the union of information theory and the theory of means and their inequalities. New areas include nonextensive thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of coding theory, multifractals, and strange attractors.
Reintroduce important, yet nearly forgotten, teachings of N.L. Sardi Carnot
Highlight conceptual flaws in timely topics such as endoreversible engines, finite-time thermodynamics, geometrization of thermodynamics, and nonequilibrium work from equilibrium free energy differences.
Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda is Professor of Physical Chemistry at Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Italy. He is recipient of the 2009 Telesio-Galel Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 17:38:59 GMTAb Initio Methods in Quantum Chemistry, Part 1 (Advances in Chemical Physics)
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The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics and physical chemistry fields with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Filled with cutting-edge research reported in a cohesive manner not found elsewhere in the literature, each volume of the Advances in Chemical Physics series serves as the perfect supplement to any advanced graduate class devoted to the study of chemical physics. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 17:38:26 GMTPeople of the Water: Change and Continuity Among the Uru-Chipayans of Bolivia
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People of the Water: Change and Continuity Among the Uru-Chipayans of Bolivia Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 17:16:04 GMTTurbulence and Dispersion in the Planetary Boundary Layer (Physics of Earth and Space Environments)
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This book offers a comprehensive review of our current understanding of the planetary boundary layer, particularly the turbulent exchanges of momentum, heat and passive scalars between the surface of the Earth and the atmosphere.
It presents and discusses the observations and the theory of the turbulent boundary layer, both for homogeneous and more realistic heterogeneous surface conditions, as well as the dispersion of tracers. Lastly it addresses the main problems arising due to turbulence in weather, climate and atmospheric composition numerical models.
Written for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate-level students and atmospheric researchers, it is also of interest to anyone wanting to understand the findings and obtain an update on problems that have yet to be solved. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:56:17 GMTPhysics for Scientists and Engineers, 6th Edition
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Paul Tipler's Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics has set the standard in introductory physics courses for clarity, accuracy, and precision. The sixth edition offers a completely integrated text and media solution that will enable students to learn most effectively and professors to teach most efficiently. The text includes a new strategic problem-solving approach, an integrated Math Tutorial, and new tools to improve conceptual understanding. New 'Physics Spotlights' feature cutting-edge topics that help students relate what they are learning to real world technologies. Read more... ]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 12:26:13 GMT