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16043Two Cultures: Essays in Honour of David Speiser
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The extraordinary range of cultural interests of renowned physicist David Speiser – including the sciences, art, architecture, music, and history of science – has inspired generations of later scientists to look beyond the boundaries of their own disciplines. In this book seventeen scholars pay tribute to his multifaceted career. Read more... ]]>Wed, 28 Jun 2017 00:14:34 GMTOperational Modal Analysis: Modeling, Bayesian Inference, Uncertainty Laws
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This book presents operational modal analysis (OMA), employing a coherent and comprehensive Bayesian framework for modal identification and covering stochastic modeling, theoretical formulations, computational algorithms, and practical applications. Mathematical similarities and philosophical differences between Bayesian and classical statistical approaches to system identification are discussed, allowing their mathematical tools to be shared and their results correctly interpreted.
Many chapters can be used as lecture notes for the general topic they cover beyond the OMA context. After an introductory chapter (1), Chapters 27 present the general theory of stochastic modeling and analysis of ambient vibrations. Readers are first introduced to the spectral analysis of deterministic time series (2) and structural dynamics (3), which do not require the use of probability concepts. The concepts and techniques in these chapters are subsequently extended to a probabilistic context in Chapter 4 (on stochastic processes) and in Chapter 5 (on stochastic structural dynamics). In turn, Chapter 6 introduces the basics of ambient vibration instrumentation and data characteristics, while Chapter 7 discusses the analysis and simulation of OMA data, covering different types of data encountered in practice. Bayesian and classical statistical approaches to system identification are introduced in a general context in Chapters 8 and 9, respectively.
Chapter 10 provides an overview of different Read more... ]]>Tue, 27 Jun 2017 14:25:32 GMTTwenty-First Century Quantum Mechanics: Hilbert Space to Quantum Computers: Mathematical Methods and Conceptual Foundations (UNITEXT for Physics)
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This book is designed to make accessible to nonspecialists the still evolving concepts of quantum mechanics and the terminology in which these are expressed. The opening chapters summarize elementary concepts of twentieth century quantum mechanics and describe the mathematical methods employed in the field, with clear explanation of, for example, Hilbert space, complex variables, complex vector spaces and Dirac notation, and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. After detailed discussion of the Schrdinger equation, subsequent chapters focus on isotropic vectors, used to construct spinors, and on conceptual problems associated with measurement, superposition, and decoherence in quantum systems.
Here, due attention is paid to Bells inequality and the possible existence of hidden variables. Finally, progression toward quantum computation is examined in detail: if quantum computers can be made practicable, enormous enhancements in computing power, artificial intelligence, and secure communication will result. This book will be of interest to a wide readership seeking to understand modern quantum mechanics and its potential applications. Read more... ]]>Tue, 27 Jun 2017 14:24:48 GMTFrom Artefacts to Atoms: The BIPM and the Search for Ultimate Measurement Standards
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The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) is currently implementing the greatest change ever in the world's system of weights and measures it is redefining the kilogram, the final artefact standard, and reorganizing the system of international units. This book tells the inside story of what led to these changes, from the events surrounding the founding of the BIPM in 1875 a landmark in the history of international cooperation to the present. It traces not only the evolution of the science, but also the story of the key individuals and events.
The BIPM was the first international scientific laboratory. Founded in 1875 by the Metre Convention, its original tasks were to conserve the new international standards of the metre and the kilogram, to carry out calibrations for Member States and undertake research to advance measurement science. The book is based on the substantial archive of the BIPM which, from the very beginning, recounts the many discussions and arguments first as to whether and how such an institute should be created and in due course, how over the next one hundred and thirty years it should develop. Despite many national and personal rivalries, the institute actually created was admirably suited to its declared tasks. In the years and decades that followed, the scientific work of the small group of men who made up its first staff was of a very high order. One of the early Directors received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1920 for his discovery Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 23:13:44 GMTFoundation of Statistical Energy Analysis in Vibroacoustics
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This book provides an in-depth study of the foundations of statistical energy analysis, with a focus on examining the statistical theory of sound and vibration. In the modal approach, an introduction to random vibration with application to complex systems having a large number of modes is provided. For the wave approach, the phenomena of propagation, group speed, and energy transport are extensively discussed. Particular emphasis is given to the emergence of the diffuse field, the central concept of the theory. All important notions are gradually introduced-making the text self-contained-to lead the reader to the ultimate result of `coupling power proportionality' and the concept of `vibrational temperature'. Further key topics include the analogy between thermodynamics and sound vibration. Applications are concerned with random vibration in massspring resonators, strings, beams, rods, and plates but also reverberation in room acoustics, radiation of sound, and sound response. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 23:10:23 GMTFinite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics (Numerical Mathematics and Scientific Computation)
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This book is a description of why and how to do Scientific Computing for fundamental models of fluid flow. It contains introduction, motivation, analysis, and algorithms and is closely tied to freely available MATLAB codes that implement the methods described.
The focus is on finite element approximation methods and fast iterative solution methods for the consequent linear(ized) systems arising in important problems that model incompressible fluid flow. The problems addressed are the Poisson equation, Convection-Diffusion problem, Stokes problem and Navier-Stokes problem, including new material on time-dependent problems and models of multi-physics. The corresponding iterative algebra based on preconditioned Krylov subspace and multigrid techniques is for symmetric and positive definite, nonsymmetric positive definite, symmetric indefinite and nonsymmetric indefinite matrix systems respectively. For each problem and associated solvers there is a description of how to compute together with theoretical analysis that guides the choice of approaches and describes what happens in practice in the many illustrative numerical results throughout the book (computed with the freely downloadable IFISS software). All of the numerical results should be reproducible by readers who have access to MATLAB and there is considerable scope for experimentation in the "computational laboratory " provided by the software.
Developments in the field since the first edition was published have bee Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 22:47:36 GMTFluid Dynamics: Part 2: Asymptotic Problems of Fluid Dynamics
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This is the second volume in a four-part series on fluid dynamics:
Part 1. Classical Fluid Dynamics
Part 2. Asymptotic Problems of Fluid Dynamics
Part 3. Boundary Layers
Part 4. Hydrodynamic Stability Theory
The series is designed to give a comprehensive and coherent description of fluid dynamics, starting with chapters on classical theory suitable for an introductory undergraduate lecture course, and then progressing through more advanced material up to the level of modern research in the field.
In Part 2 the reader is introduced to asymptotic methods, and their applications to fluid dynamics. Firstly, it discusses the mathematical aspects of the asymptotic theory. This is followed by an exposition of the results of inviscid flow theory, starting with subsonic flows past thin aerofoils. This includes unsteady flow theory and the analysis of separated flows. The authors then consider supersonic flow past a thin aerofoil, where the linear approximation leads to the Ackeret formula for the pressure. They also discuss the second order Buzemann approximation, and the flow behaviour at large distances from the aerofoil. Then the properties of transonic and hypersonic flows are examined in detail. Part 2 concludes with a discussion of viscous low-Reynolds-number flows. Two classical problems of the low-Reynolds-number flow theory are considered, the flow past a sphere and the flow past a circular cylinder. In both cases the flow analysis leads to a difficulty, known as Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 22:46:47 GMTThe Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics
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The Physical World offers a grand vision of the essential unity of physics that will enable the reader to see the world through the eyes of a physicist and understand their thinking. The text follows Einstein's dictum that 'explanations should be made as simple as possible, but no simpler', to give an honest account of how modern physicists understand their subject, including the shortcomings of current theory. The result is an up-to-date and engaging portrait of physics that contains concise derivations of the important results in a style where every step in a derivation is clearly explained, so that anyone with the appropriate mathematical skills will find the text easy to digest. It is over half a century since The Feynman Lectures in Physics were published. A new authoritative account of fundamental physics covering all branches of the subject is now well overdue. The Physical World has been written to satisfy this need.
The book concentrates on the conceptual principles of each branch of physics and shows how they fit together to form a coherent whole. Emphasis is placed on the use of variational principles in physics, and in particular the principle of least action, an approach that lies at the heart of modern theoretical physics, but has been neglected in most introductory accounts of the subject. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 22:34:25 GMTX-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (Springer Proceedings in Physics)
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Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers
From the Back Cover
These proceedings comprise invited and contributed papers presented at the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL 2014). This conference is part of a continuing series dedicated to recent developments and applications of x-ray lasers and other coherent x-ray sources with attention to supporting technologies and instrumentation.
New results in the generation of intense, coherent x-rays and progress toward practical devices and their applications in numerous fields are reported. Areas of research in plasma-based x-ray lasers, 4th generation accelerator-based sources and higher harmonic generation, and other x-ray generation schemes are covered.
The scope of ICXRL 2014 included, but was not limited to:
Laser-pumped X-ray lasers
Discharge excitation and other X-ray laser pumping methods
Injection/seeding of X-ray amplifiers
New lasing transitions and novel X-ray laser schemes
High Harmonic sources-Free-electron laser generation in the XUV and X-ray range
Novel schemes for coherent XUV and X-ray generation
XUV and X-ray optics and metrology-Driving laser technology
Theory and modeling of X-ray gain medium and beam characteristics
Applications of high brightness and ultrashort X-ray sources Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 21:07:05 GMTWave Dynamics of Generalized Continua (Advanced Structured Materials)
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This monograph is devoted to problems of propagation and stability of linear and nonlinear waves in continuous media with complex structure. It considers the different media, such as solid with cavities, preliminary deformed disperse medium, solid with porosity filled by the electrically conductive and non-conductive liquid, magnetoelastic, piezo-semiconductors, crystals with dislocations, composites with inclusions, an electrically conductive asymmetrical liquid, a mixture of gas with a drop liquid. The book also considers the propagation of a laser beam through a two-level medium.
The presented results are based on methods of evolution and modulation equations that were developed by the authors. The book is intended for scientific and technical researchers, students and post-graduate students specializing in mechanics of continuous media, physical acoustics, and physics of the solid state. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 20:43:59 GMTRigorous Time Slicing Approach to Feynman Path Integrals (Mathematical Physics Studies)
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This book proves that Feynman's original definition of the path integral actually converges to the fundamental solution of the Schrdinger equation at least in the short term if the potential is differentiable sufficiently many times and its derivatives of order equal to or higher than two are bounded. The semi-classical asymptotic formula up to the second term of the fundamental solution is also proved by a method different from that of Birkhoff.
A bound of the remainder term is also proved.The Feynman path integral is a method of quantization using the Lagrangian function, whereas Schrdinger's quantization uses the Hamiltonian function. These two methods are believed to be equivalent. But equivalence is not fully proved mathematically, because, compared with Schrdinger's method, there is still much to be done concerning rigorous mathematical treatment of Feynman's method. Feynman himself defined a path integral as the limit of a sequence of integrals over finite-dimensional spaces which is obtained by dividing the time interval into small pieces. This method is called the time slicing approximation method or the time slicing method.This book consists of two parts. Part I is the main part. The time slicing method is performed step by step in detail in Part I. The time interval is divided into small pieces. Corresponding to each division a finite-dimensional integral is constructed following Feynman's famous paper. This finite-dimensional integral is not absolutely convergent Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 18:59:02 GMTRegularity and Stochasticity of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems (Nonlinear Systems and Complexity)
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This book presents recent developments in nonlinear dynamics and physics with an emphasis on complex systems. The contributors provide recent theoretic developments and new techniques to solve nonlinear dynamical systems and help readers understand complexity, stochasticity, and regularity in nonlinear dynamical systems.
This book covers integro-differential equation solvability, Poincare recurrences in ergodic systems, orientable horseshoe structure, analytical routes of periodic motions to chaos, grazing on impulsive differential equations, from chaos to order in coupled oscillators, and differential-invariant solutions for automorphic systems, inequality under uncertainty. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 18:02:01 GMTThermal Physics and Thermal Analysis: From Macro to Micro, Highlighting Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Nanomaterials (Hot Topics in Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry)
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Features twenty-five chapter contributions from an international array of distinguished academics based in Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, Russia, and the USA. This multi-author contributed volume provides an up-to-date and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes involving the thermal analysis, applied solid-state physics, micro- and nano-crystallinity of selected solids and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. Distinctive chapters featured in the book include, among others, calorimetry time scales from days to microseconds, glass transition phenomena, kinetics of non-isothermal processes, thermal inertia and temperature gradients, thermodynamics of nanomaterials, self-organization, significance of temperature and entropy. Advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers working in the field of thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements and calorimetry will find this contributed volume invaluable. This is the third volume of the triptych volumes on thermal behaviour of materials the previous two receiving thousand of downloads guaranteeing their worldwide impact. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 16:14:52 GMTBasic Structures of Reality: Essays in Meta-Physics
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In Basic Structures of Reality, Colin McGinn deals with questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of mind from the vantage point of physics. Combining general philosophy with physics, he covers such topics as the definition of matter, the nature of space, motion, gravity, electromagnetic fields, the character of physical knowledge, and consciousness and meaning. Throughout, McGinn maintains an historical perspective and seeks to determine how much we really know of the world described by physics. He defends a version of "structuralism": the thesis that our knowledge is partial and merely abstract, leaving a large epistemological gap at the center of physics. McGinn then connects this element of mystery to parallel mysteries in relation to the mind. Consciousness emerges as just one more mystery of physics. A theory of matter and space is developed, according to which the impenetrability of matter is explained as the deletion of volumes of space. McGinn proposes a philosophy of science that distinguishes physics from both psychology and biology, explores the ontology of energy, and considers the relevance of physics to seemingly remote fields such as the theory of meaning. In the form of a series of aphorisms, the author presents a metaphysical system that takes laws of nature as fundamental. With its broad scope and deep study of the fundamental questions at the heart of philosophy of physics, this book is not intended primarily for specialists, but for the gener Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:57:03 GMTAtomistic Spin Dynamics: Foundations and Applications
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The purpose of this book is to provide a theoretical foundation and an understanding of atomistic spin-dynamics (ASD), and to give examples of where the atomistic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation can and should be used. As argued in the text, a description of magnetism in an atomistic way is very natural and allows for an interpretation of experimental results in a clear and deep way. This description also allows for calculations, from first principles, of all parameters needed to perform the spin-dynamics simulations, without using experimental results as input to the simulations. As shown in the book, we are now at a very exciting situation, where it is possible to perform accurate and efficient atomistic simulations on a length- and time-scale which is balancing on the edge of what is experimentally possible. In this way, ASD simulations can both validate and be validated by state-of-the art experiments, and ASD simulations also have the possibility to act as a predictive tool that is able to explain the magnetization dynamics in experimentally inaccessible situations. The purpose of this book has been to communicate technically relevant concepts. An even larger motivation is to communicate an inspiration to magnetism and magnetization dynamics, and the emerging technological fields that one may foresee, e.g. in magnonics, solitonics and skyrmionics. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:56:18 GMT'physique PCSI tests de cours' [French]
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Cet ouvrage sadresse aux lves de classes prparatoires scientifiques des filires PCSI. Russir sa prpa commence toujours par un bon apprentissage du cours. Beaucoup dlves se retrouvent coincs face un exercice, un DS ou une khlle parce quils connaissent mal leur cours ou croient, tort, lavoir compris.
Grce cet ouvrage, vous allez pouvoir, au fur et mesure de lanne, tester votre connaissance du cours de Physique de faon efficace et ludique. Pour chaque thme du programme, vous trouverez :
La liste des notions concernes
Des QCM sur les connaissances que vous devez matriser
Les corrigs dtaills des QCM, avec rappels de cours, mettant laccent sur les principales difficults et piges viter. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:54:38 GMTOptique geometrique : cours [French]
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Public concern : tudiants de DEUG et de licence, candidats au CAPES et l'agrgation.
En partant des relations fondamentales de l'optique gomtrique et de la propagation de la lumire, ce cours prsente toutes les proprits des systmes optiques classiques : dioptres, miroirs, lentilles Il traite l'ensemble des notions matriser l'issue de trois annes d'tudes universitaires en physique. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:50:06 GMTOptique geomAtrique. Rappels de cours et exercices (French Edition) [French]
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Public concern : tudiants de DEUG et de licence, candidats au CAPES et l'agrgation.
Le prsent ouvrage, complment idal du livre de cours, contient de nombreux exercices d'optique gomtrique : des exercices classiques d'entranement et des exercices plus complexes pour approfondir les notions abordes. Les solutions dtailles, accompagnes de conseils mthodologiques, assurent l'tudiant une bonne comprhension du problme et un apprentissage efficace. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:48:55 GMTLight-Matter Interaction: Physics and Engineering at the Nanoscale
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Light-matter interaction is pervasive throughout the disciplines of optical and atomic physics, condensed matter physics, electrical engineering, and now increasingly in biology and medicine with frequency and length scales extending over many orders of magnitude. Deep earth and sea communications use frequencies of a few tens of Hz, and X-ray imaging requires sources oscillating at hundreds of petaHz. This book provides advanced undergraduates, graduate students and researchers from diverse disciplines with the principal tools required to understand and contribute to rapidly advancing developments in light-matter interaction, centred at optical frequencies and length scales from a few hundred nanometres to a few hundredths of a nanometre. This book deploys an arsenal of powerful analytic tools to render this multidisciplinary subject in unique form, not encountered in standard Physics or Electrical Engineering text books.
This new edition has been substantially expanded with almost 200 pages of new material. Several new and extended chapters treat momentum flow between fields and matter, metamaterials, and atom-optical forces applied to atomic and molecular cooling and trapping. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:46:44 GMTEinfuhrung in die Geophysik: Globale physikalische Felder und Prozesse in der Erde (German Edition) [German]
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Christoph Clauser fhrt mit diesem, nunmehr in der zweiten Auflage vorliegenden, vollstndig berarbeiteten Lehrbuch Anfnger auf einem mittleren Niveau in die Geophysik ein. Er geht dabei ber eine rein phnomenologische Beschreibung hinaus und erlutert systematisch die physikalischen Grundlagen der beschriebenen Phnomene. Behandelt werden jene Prozesse und Felder, die die Erde als Ganzes betreffen: ihre Position im Weltall ihr genereller Aufbau ihr Alter und das ihrer Gesteine Erdbeben und deren Nutzung zur Erkundung der inneren Struktur der Erde ihre uere Form, Gezeiten und isostatischen Ausgleichsprozesse die Struktur des Erdmagnetfeldes, der erzeugende Geodynamoprozess sowie die Wechselwirkung zwischen der Magnetosphre der Erde und dem Plasmastrom des Sonnenwinds das Temperaturfeld der Erde und Wrmetransportprozesse im Kern, Mantel und in der Kruste der Erde und deren Bedeutung fr den Antrieb des Geodynamos und der Plattentektonik. Allen Kapiteln ist jeweils ein kurzer historischer Abriss vorangestellt, der die Entwicklung der jeweiligen Disziplin bis in die jngste Vergangenheit beleuchtet. Anhand von Biografien ausgewhlter Wissenschaftler wird aufgezeigt, unter welchen ueren und persnlichen Bedingungen diese ihre bahnbrechenden Ergebnisse erzielt haben. Der Text fhrt in die deutsche und englische Fachterminologie ein. Mathematische Ableitungen werden erlutert. bungsaufgaben mit durchgerechneten Ergebnissen ermglichen ein eigenstndiges berprfen des erlangten Verstndnisse Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:12:51 GMTStrongly Correlated Electrons in Two Dimensions
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The properties of strongly correlated electrons confined in two dimensions are a forefront area of modern condensed matter physics. In the past two or three decades, strongly correlated electron systems have garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique and often unpredictable behavior. Two of many examples are the metallic state and the metalinsulator transition discovered in 2D semiconductors: phenomena that cannot occur in noninteracting systems. Tremendous efforts have been made, in both theory and experiment, to create an adequate understanding of the situation however, a consensus has still not been reached.
Strongly Correlated Electrons in Two Dimensions compiles and details cutting-edge research in experimental and theoretical physics of strongly correlated electron systems by leading scientists in the field. The book covers recent theoretical work exploring the quantum criticality of Mott and WignerMott transitions, experiments on the metalinsulator transition and related phenomena in clean and dilute systems, the effect of spin and isospin degrees of freedom on low-temperature transport in two dimensions, electron transport near the 2D Mott transition, experimentally observed temperature and magnetic field dependencies of resistivity in silicon-based systems with different levels of disorder, and microscopic theory of the interacting electrons in two dimensions. Edited by Sergey Kravchenko, a prominent experimentalist, this book will appeal to Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:49:19 GMTAnalysis of Energy Systems: Management, Planning and Policy
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The analysis of energy systems is of paramount importance in modern societies, since it is fundamental to guarantee a sustainable economic development. It combines technical and economic research with a specific focus on quantitative modelling, in order to optimize the modalities of energy demand and supply globally.
The book covers major advanced topics related to the analysis of energy by considering different aspects, namely management, planning and policies. The most recent trends, such as smart grids, transition from fossil fuels to renewables based energy systems and distributed generation, are also discussed in this book. Intended to be a collection of various contributions from experts all around the world, it includes latest research results, innovations and methodologies about the analysis of energy systems. The book also focuses to contribute to the current debate related to the evolution of energy systems, by discussing in an open way the pros and cons without any pre-constitute point of view. Title is aimed to be a reference for the academic community, students and professionals with a wider interdisciplinary background.
Key Features:
Presents integration of renewable sources with conventional energy systems.
Topic is addressed from a multidisciplinary point of view, i.e. economy, technical, modelling, planning.
Investigates management and planning aspects of future energy supplies.
Multidimensional nature of energy systems is highlighted and discussed. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:48:29 GMTFiber-Optic Fabry-Perot Sensors: An Introduction (Series in Fiber Optic Sensors)
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The authors deliver a complete overview of fiber-optic Fabry-Perot (FFP) sensing technology, integrating the knowledge and tools of multiple fields including optics, sensing, micromachining, instrumentation, physics, and materials science. The main chapters discuss operating principles, microstructures, fabrication methods, signal demodulation, and instrumentation. This treatment spans the full range of structures (intrinsic/extrinsic, multimode fiber vs single-mode fibers), as well as advanced micromachining technologies and major interrogating and multiplexing methods for the formation of multi-point, quasi-distributed sensing networks. Readers will also gain a summary of state-of-the-art applications in oil, gas, and electricity industries, aerospace technology, and biomedicine.
Yun-Jiang Rao is Dean of the School of Communication and Information Engineering, and Director of the Key Lab of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Zeng-Ling Ran and Yuan Gong are both associate professors at the Optical Fiber Technology Research Laboratory of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:25:03 GMTHandbook of Solid-State Lighting and LEDs (Series in Optics and Optoelectronics)
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This handbook addresses the development of energy-efficient, environmentally friendly solid-state light sources, in particular semiconductor light emitting diodes (LEDs) and other solid-state lighting devices. It reflects the vast growth of this field and impacts in diverse industries, from lighting to communications, biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. The chapters include coverage of nanoscale processing, fabrication of LEDs, light diodes, photodetectors and nanodevices, characterization techniques, application, and recent advances. Readers will obtain an understanding of the key properties of solid-state lighting and LED devices, an overview of current technologies, and appreciation for the challenges remaining. The handbook will be useful to material growers and evaluators, device design and processing engineers, newcomers, students, and professionals in the field. Read more... ]]>Mon, 26 Jun 2017 05:47:46 GMTThe Quantum Revolution in Philosophy
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Quantum theory launched a revolution in physics. But we have yet to understand the revolution's significance for philosophy. Richard Healey opens a path to such understanding. Most studies of the conceptual foundations of quantum theory first try to interpret the theory - to say how the world could possibly be the way the theory says it is. But, though fundamental, quantum theory is enormously successful without describing the world in its own terms. When properly applied, models of quantum theory offer good advice on the significance and credibility of claims about the world expressed in other terms. This first philosophical lesson of the quantum revolution dissolves the quantum measurement problem. Pragmatist treatments of probability and causation show how quantum theory may be used to explain the non-localized correlations that have been thought to involve "spooky" instantaneous action at a distance. Given environmental decoherence, a pragmatist inferentialist approach to content shows when talk of quantum probabilities is licensed, resolves any residual worries about whether a quantum measurement has a determinate outcome, and solves a dilemma about the ontology of a quantum field theory. This approach to meaning and reference also reveals the nature and limits of objective description in the light of quantum theory. While these pragmatist approaches to probability, causation, explanation and content may be independently motivated by philosophical argument, their success Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 23:39:40 GMTMicrocavities, 2nd Edition
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Microcavities are semiconductor, metal, or dielectric structures providing optical confinement in one, two or three dimensions. At the end of the 20th century, microcavities have attracted attention due to the discovery of a strong exciton-light coupling regime allowing for the formation of superposition light-matter quasiparticles: exciton-polaritons. In the following century several remarkable effects have been discovered in microcavities, including the Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton-polaritons, polariton lasing, superfluidity, optical spin Hall and spin Meissner effects, amongst other discoveries. Currently, polariton devices exploiting the bosonic stimulation effects at room temperature are being developed by laboratories across the world. This book addresses the physics of microcavities: from classical to quantum optics, from a Boltzmann gas to a superfluid. It provides the theoretical background needed for understanding the complex phenomena in coupled light-matter systems, and it presents a broad overview of experimental progress in the physics of microcavities. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 23:38:27 GMTMass: The quest to understand matter from Greek atoms to quantum fields
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Everything around us is made of 'stuff', from planets, to books, to our own bodies. Whatever it is, we call it matter or material substance. It is solid it has mass. But what is matter, exactly? We are taught in school that matter is not continuous, but discrete. As a few of the philosophers of ancient Greece once speculated, nearly two and a half thousand years ago, matter comes in 'lumps', and science has relentlessly peeled away successive layers of matter to reveal its ultimate constituents.
Surely, we can't keep doing this indefinitely. We imagine that we should eventually run up against some kind of ultimately fundamental, indivisible type of stuff, the building blocks from which everything in the Universe is made. The English physicist Paul Dirac called this 'the dream of philosophers'. But science has discovered that the foundations of our Universe are not as solid or as certain and dependable as we might have once imagined. They are instead built from ghosts and phantoms, of a peculiar quantum kind. And, at some point on this exciting journey of scientific discovery, we lost our grip on the reassuringly familiar concept of mass.
How did this happen? How did the answers to our questions become so complicated and so difficult to comprehend? In Mass Jim Baggott explains how we come to find ourselves here, confronted by a very different understanding of the nature of matter, the origin of mass, and its implications for our understanding of the material world. Rang Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 23:37:45 GMTFundamentals of Nonlinear Optics, Second Edition
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Praise for the 1st Edition:
"well written and up to date. The problem sets at the end of each chapter reinforce and enhance the material presented, and may give students confidence in handling real-world problems." Optics and Photonics News
"rigorous but simple description of a difficult field keeps the readers attention throughout. serves perfectly for an introductory-level course." Physics Today
This fully revised introduction enables the reader to understand and use the basic principles related to many phenomena in nonlinear optics and provides the mathematical tools necessary to solve application-relevant problems. The book is a pedagogical guide aimed at a diverse audience including engineers, physicists, and chemists who want a tiered approach to understanding nonlinear optics. The material is augmented by numerous problems, with many requiring the reader to perform real-world calculations for a range of fields, from optical communications to remote sensing and quantum information. Analytical solutions of equations are covered in detail and numerical approaches to solving problems are explained and demonstrated. The second edition expands the earlier treatment and includes:
A new chapter on quantum nonlinear optics.
Thorough treatment of parametric optical processes covering birefringence, tolerances and beam optimization to design and build high conversion efficiency devices.
Treatment of numerical methods to solving sets of complex nonlinear equations.
Ma Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 23:34:36 GMTThe Kolmogorov Legacy in Physics (Lecture Notes in Physics)
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The present volume, published at the occasion of his 100th birthday anniversary, is a collection of articles that reviews the impact of Kolomogorov's work in the physical sciences and provides an introduction to the modern developments that have been triggered in this way to encompass recent applications in biology, chemistry, information sciences and finance. This book addresses scientists and postgraduate students in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 22:43:40 GMTAn Introduction to Distributed Optical Fibre Sensors (Series in Fiber Optic Sensors)
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This book explains physical principles, unique benefits, broad categories, implementation aspects, and performance criteria of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS). For each kind of sensor, the book highlights industrial applications, which range from oil and gas production to power line monitoring, plant and process engineering, environmental monitoring, industrial fire and leakage detection, and so on. The text also includes a discussion of such key areas as backscattering, launched power limitations, and receiver sensitivity, as well as a concise historical account of the fields development. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 22:16:32 GMTDosimetry in Bioelectromagnetics
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Dosimetry refers to the calculation and assessment of the radiation dose received by the human body. The proposed book will place emphasis on the existence of physical and biophysical dosimetry. It will be discussed for the proper description and evaluation of the signal at the power generation system. It will cover in detail 10 different parameters of EMF (electromagnetism) exposure such as amplitude, frequency, vector, time of exposure, orientation, etc. In most published papers, these parameters are not well defined. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 22:14:11 GMTProblem Solving in Quantum Mechanics: From Basics to Real-World Applications for Materials Scientists, Applied Physicists, and Devices Engineers
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This topical and timely textbook is a collection of problems for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in state-of-the-art material and device applications in quantum mechanics. Most problem are relevant either to a new device or a device concept or to current research topics which could spawn new technology. It deals with the practical aspects of the field, presenting a broad range of essential topics currently at the leading edge of technological innovation.
Includes discussion on:
Properties of Schroedinger Equation
Operators
Bound States in Nanostructures
Current and Energy Flux Densities in Nanostructures
Density of States
Transfer and Scattering Matrix Formalisms for Modelling Diffusive Quantum Transport
Perturbation Theory, Variational Approach and their Applications to Device Problems
Electrons in a Magnetic or Electromagnetic Field and Associated Phenomena
Time-dependent Perturbation Theory and its Applications
Optical Properties of Nanostructures
Problems in Quantum Mechanics: For Material Scientists, Applied Physicists and Device Engineers is an ideal companion to engineering, condensed matter physics or materials science curricula. It appeals to future and present engineers, physicists, and materials scientists, as well as professionals in these fields needing more in-depth understanding of nanotechnology and nanoscience. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 18:23:11 GMTAdvanced Aircraft Flight Performance (Cambridge Aerospace Series)
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This book deals with aircraft flight performance. It focuses on commercial aircraft but also considers examples of high-performance military aircraft. The framework is a multidisciplinary engineering analysis, fully supported by flight simulation, with software validation at several levels. The book covers topics such as geometrical configurations, configuration aerodynamics and determination of aerodynamic derivatives, weight engineering, propulsion systems (gas turbine engines and propellers), aircraft trim, flight envelopes, mission analysis, trajectory optimization, aircraft noise, noise trajectories, and analysis of environmental performance. A unique feature of this book is the discussion and analysis of the environmental performance of the aircraft, focusing on topics such as aircraft noise and carbon dioxide emissions. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 18:22:35 GMTMagnetic Perovskites: Synthesis, Structure and Physical Properties (Engineering Materials)
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Magnetic perovskite with multi functional properties (magneto-resistive, magneto-dielectric, multiferroics, spintronics, etc.) have attracted increasing attention due to their possible applications towards storage materials and intriguing fundamental Physics. Despite the numerous investigations on multi functional materials in the past few years, a very few magnetic perovskites have been known to realize as ferromagnetic-insulators. In perovskites centred transition metal oxides strong interplay between lattice, charge, spin and/or orbital degrees of freedom provide a fantastic playground to tune their physical properties. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the phenomenon and physics of complex magnetism (phase separation, spin glass, frustrations, etc.) in perovskite manganites and cobaltites via an experimental approach. The book is organized into four chapters Chap. 1 gives a brief introduction of various ting phenomena in magnetic perovskites. Chapter 2 describes the results of the investigations on electronic phase separation and glassy ferromagnetism of the hole-doped perovskite manganites and cobaltites. Ordered and disordered effects and related aspects in hole-doped perovskite cobaltites are described in Chap. 3. Finally, in Chap. 4 the bismuth based magnetic perovskite is discussed.
No Other Mirrors, Please! Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 13:43:04 GMTCommonly Asked Questions in Thermodynamics
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Have you ever had a question that keeps persisting and for which you cannot find a clear answer? Is the question seemingly so “simple” that the problem is glossed over in most resources, or skipped entirely?
CRC Press/Taylor and Francis is pleased to introduce Commonly Asked Questions in Thermodynamics, the first in a new series of books that address the questions that frequently arise in today’s major scientific and technical disciplines. Designed for a wide audience, from students and researchers to practicing professionals in related areas, the books are organized in a user friendly Question and Answer format. Presented questions become increasingly specific throughout the book, with clear and concise answers, as well as illustrations, diagrams, and tables are incorporated wherever helpful.
Thermodynamics is a core discipline associated with the theoretical principles and practical applications underlying almost every area of science, from nanoscale biochemical engineering to astrophysics. Highlighting chemical thermodynamics in particular, this book is written in an easy-to-understand style and provides a wealth of fundamental information, simple illustrations, and extensive references for further research and collection of specific data.
Designed for an audience that ranges from undergraduate students to scientists and engineers at the forefront of research, this indispensible guide presents clear explanations for topics with wide applicability. It reflects the fact Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 11:29:38 GMTThirty Years that Shook Physics: The Story of Quantum Theory
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"Dr. Gamow, physicist and gifted writer, has sketched an intriguing portrait of the scientists and clashing ideas that made the quantum revolution." — Christian Science Monitor
In 1900, German physicist Max Planck postulated that light, or radiant energy, can exist only in the form of discrete packages or quanta. This profound insight, along with Einstein's equally momentous theories of relativity, completely revolutionized man's view of matter, energy, and the nature of physics itself.
In this lucid layman's introduction to quantum theory, an eminent physicist and noted popularizer of science traces the development of quantum theory from the turn of the century to about 1930 — from Planck's seminal concept (still developing) to anti-particles, mesons, and Enrico Fermi's nuclear research. Gamow was not just a spectator at the theoretical breakthroughs which fundamentally altered our view of the universe, he was an active participant who made important contributions of his own. This "insider's" vantage point lends special validity to his careful, accessible explanations of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, Niels Bohr's model of the atom, the pilot waves of Louis de Broglie and other path-breaking ideas.
In addition, Gamow recounts a wealth of revealing personal anecdotes which give a warm human dimension to many giants of 20th-century physics. He ends the book with the Blegdamsvej Faust, a delightful play written in 1932 by Niels Bohr's students and colleagues to satirize Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 11:22:00 GMTPhysik mit Excel und Visual Basic: Grundlagen, Beispiele und Aufgaben (German Edition) [German]
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Wie Aufgaben aus der Physik mit den Programmen Excel und Visual Basic bearbeitet werden, damit macht der Autor Studierende mit Nebenfach Physik sowie Lehramtsstudierende vertraut. Die begleitende Webseite bietet zusatzliche Materialien zum herunterladen. Read more... ]]>Sun, 25 Jun 2017 07:24:15 GMTIntroduction to Geometrical Physics, an (Second Edition)
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This book focuses on the unifying power of the geometrical language in bringing together concepts from many different areas of physics, ranging from classical physics to the theories describing the four fundamental interactions of Nature gravitational, electromagnetic, strong nuclear, and weak nuclear.The book provides in a single volume a thorough introduction to topology and differential geometry, as well as many applications to both mathematical and physical problems. It is aimed as an elementary text and is intended for first year graduate students.In addition to the traditional contents of books on special and general relativities, this book discusses also some recent advances such as de Sitter invariant special relativity, teleparallel gravity and their implications in cosmology for those wishing to reach a higher level of understanding. Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 19:42:11 GMTLectures on General Quantum Correlations and their Applications (Quantum Science and Technology)
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This book presents a distinctive way of understanding quantum correlations beyond entanglement, introducing readers to this less explored yet very fundamental aspect of quantum theory. It takes into account most of the new ideas involving quantum phenomena, resources, and applications without entanglement, both from a theoretical and an experimental point of view.
This book serves as a reference for both beginner students and experienced researchers in physics and applied mathematics, with an interest in joining this novel venture towards understanding the quantum nature of the world. Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 16:59:19 GMTTechnische Schwingungslehre: Grundlagen - Modellbildung - Anwendungen (German Edition) [German]
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Dieses Lehrbuch besticht insbesondere durch seine praxisorientierten Beispiele, u. a. zur Maschinendynamik, und vermittelt zuverlssig die theoretischen Zusammenhnge. Die aktuelle Auflage enthlt eine Reihe neu berarbeiteter Bilder und die Bercksichtigung konstruktiver Leserhinweise.
Der Inhalt
Grundstzliches mit einfhrenden Beispielen - Harmonische Bewegung und Fourier-Analyse periodischer Schwingungen - Pendelschwingungen - Freie ungedmpfte und gedmpfte Schwingungen von Systemen mit einem Freiheitsgrad - Erzwungene Schwingungen von Systemen mit einem Freiheitsgrad mit und ohne Dmpfung - Freie ungedmpfte Schwingungen mit mehreren Freiheitsgraden - Erzwungene harmonische Schwingungen von Systemen mit mehreren Freiheitsgraden - Schwingungen von Kontinua Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 16:36:18 GMTAntonio Ereditato - Le particelle elementari [Italian]
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L'uomo sempre andato alla ricerca degli elementi fondamentali della Natura, per decifrarne il linguaggio, indagarne le possibilit, evitarne le insidie: da ultimo, svelarne i segreti. Dietro ogni nuova misurazione si cela una possibile scoperta e, dietro ancora, un nuovo modo di interpretare la realt e di viverla. Antonio Ereditato - fisico delle particelle elementari fra i pi autorevoli - racconta l'affascinante cammino che ci ha portato dapprima a ipotizzare, quindi a scoprire e infine a interrogare quella vertiginosa trama di molecole, atomi, elettroni, fotoni e quark che costituisce il tessuto ultimo delle cose. Questo viaggio intorno all'infinitamente piccolo fatto di azzardi, smentite e conferme : da Democrito a Dalton, da Newton ad Einstein, da Thomson a Rutherford, passando per Bohr, Fermi e Pontecorvo, segue le particelle attraverso i primi strumenti rivelatori in grado di individuarne la presenza lungo sottili tracce d'argento, all'interno dei calorimetri che ne misurano l'energia, nelle camere a bolle che ne fotografano le scie affilate, fino al Large Hadron Gollider, l'enorme acceleratore del cern in cui osserviamo le particelle scontrarsi a una velocit vicinissima a quella della luce. Molti i territori attraversati: la meccanica e l'elettrodinamica quantistica, la teoria dei quark, l'antimateria molte le scoperte, come quelle recentissime del bosone di Higgs, delle oscillazioni di neutrino e delle onde gravitazionali molte le ipotesi di lavoro aperte, nel solc Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 12:17:04 GMTRandom Walks and Random Environments: Volume 1: Random Walks
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This is the first of two volumes devoted to probability theory in physics, physical chemistry, and engineering, providing an introduction to the problem of the random walk and its applications. In its simplest form, the random walk describes the motion of an idealized drunkard and is a discreet analogy of the diffusion process.
A thorough account is given of the theory of random walks on discreet spaces (lattices or networks) and in continuous spaces, including those processed with random waiting time between steps. Applications discussed include dielectric relaxation, charge transport in the xerographic process, turbulent dispersion, diffusion through a medium with traps, laser speckle and the conformations of polymers in dilute solution. Prior knowledge of probability theory would be helpful, but not assumed. An extensive bibliography concludes the book. Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 11:45:01 GMTPhysique des Particules en Images [French]
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La physique des particules en images Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 07:35:59 GMTIndustrial Noise Control and Acoustics (Mechanical Engineering)
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Compiling strategies from more than 30 years of experience, this book provides numerous case studies that illustrate the implementation of noise control applications, as well as solutions to common dilemmas encountered in noise reduction processes. It offers methods for predicting the noise generation level of common systems such as fans, motors, compressors, and cooling towers, selecting the appropriate equipment to monitor sound properties, assessing the severity of environmental noise, modifying the sources, transmission paths, and receivers of sound, estimating sound pressure levels, designing mufflers, silencers, barriers, and enclosures, and isolating machine vibration. Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 07:22:34 GMTAdvanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications (Springer Proceedings in Physics)
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This proceedings volume presents selected and peer reviewed 50 reports of the 2015 International Conference on Physics and Mechanics of New Materials and Their Applications (Azov, Russia, 19-22 May, 2015), devoted to 100th Anniversary of the Southern Federal University, Russia. The book presents processing techniques, physics, mechanics, and applications of advanced materials. The book is concentrated on some nanostructures, ferroelectric crystals, materials and composites and other materials with specific properties. In this book are presented nanotechnology approaches, modern piezoelectric techniques, physical and mechanical studies of the structure-sensitive properties of the materials. A wide spectrum of mathematical and numerical methods is applied to the solution of different technological, mechanical and physical problems for applications. Great attention is devoted to novel devices with high accuracy, longevity and extended possibilities to work in a large scale of temperatures and pressure ranges, aggressive media, etc. The characteristics of materials and composites with improved properties is shown, and new possibilities in studying of various physico-mechanical processes and phenomena are demonstrated. Read more... ]]>Sat, 24 Jun 2017 05:27:33 GMTStatistical Physics and Dynamical Systems: Rigorous Results (Progress in Mathematical Physics)
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Progress in Mathematical Physics Read more... ]]>Fri, 23 Jun 2017 23:07:38 GMTStatistical Physics, Part 2: Theory of the Condensed State
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A presentation of statistical physics and thermodynamics which develops from the general principles to give a large number of applications of the theory. Read more... ]]>Fri, 23 Jun 2017 23:03:00 GMTMultiphysical Testing of Soils and Shales (Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering)
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Significant advancements in the experimental analysis of soils and shales have been achieved during the last few decades. Outstanding progress in the field has led to the theoretical development of geomechanical theories and important engineering applications.
This book provides the reader with an overview of recent advances in a variety of advanced experimental techniques and results for the analysis of the behaviour of geomaterials under multiphysical testing conditions. Modern trends in experimental geomechanics for soils and shales are discussed, including testing materials in variably saturated conditions, non-isothermal experiments, micro-scale investigations and image analysis techniques. Six theme papers from leading researchers in experimental geomechanics are also included.
This book is intended for postgraduate students, researchers and practitioners in fields where multiphysical testing of soils and shales plays a fundamental role, such as unsaturated soil and rock mechanics, petroleum engineering, nuclear waste storage engineering, unconventional energy resources and CO2 geological sequestration. Read more... ]]>Fri, 23 Jun 2017 22:37:26 GMTRCS Estimation of Linear and Planar Dipole Phased Arrays: Approximate Model (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering)
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In this book, the RCS of a parallel-fed linear and planar dipole array is derived using an approximate method. The signal propagation within the phased array system determines the radar cross section (RCS) of phased array. The reflection and transmission coefficients for a signal at different levels of the phased-in scattering array system depend on the impedance mismatch and the design parameters. Moreover the mutual coupling effect in between the antenna elements is an important factor. A phased array system comprises of radiating elements followed by phase shifters, couplers, and terminating load impedance. These components lead to respective impedances towards the incoming signal that travels through them before reaching receive port of the array system. In this book, the RCS is approximated in terms of array factor, neglecting the phase terms. The mutual coupling effect is taken into account. The dependence of the RCS pattern on the design parameters is analyzed. The approximate model is established as an efficient method for RCS estimation of phased arrays. This book presents a detailed formulation of approximate method to determine RCS of phased arrays, which is explained using schematics and illustrations. This book should help the reader understand the impinging signal path and its reflections/transmissions within the phased array system. Read more... ]]>Fri, 23 Jun 2017 22:24:52 GMTProblems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclea (Major American Universities PH.D. Qualifying Questions and S)
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This text, part of the series "Major American Universities PhD Qualifying Questions and Solutions", contains detailed solutions to 483 questions/problems on atomic, molecular, nuclear and particle physics, as well as experimental methodology. The problems are of a standard appropriate to advanced undergraduate and graduate syllabi, and blend together two objectives: understanding of physical principles and practical application.
Read more... ]]>Fri, 23 Jun 2017 22:16:24 GMT